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Company registration in Uruguay


Description of Uruguay's economy and business environment

Uruguay, located in southeastern South America, is a country with a diverse and relatively stable economy that attracts both local and foreign entrepreneurs. Let's take a closer look at Uruguay's economic and business environment.

Open economy and international trade

Uruguay is known for its open economy and active participation in world trade. The country follows a policy of low tariffs and limited trade barriers, which helps attract foreign investment and stimulates exports. Uruguay has a number of free trade agreements with other countries, including the United States and the European Union.

Membership of Mercosur

The jurisdiction is a member of the Union of South America (Mercosur), which gives it access to a huge regional market made up of countries such as Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Venezuela. When starting a business in Uruguay, this creates favourable conditions for developing trade and economic relations with these countries.

Economic stability

Uruguay is known for its economic stability and moderate inflation rate. The country has successfully weathered past crises and has demonstrated resilience in the face of global financial instabilities.

Attractive business environment

Uruguay provides entrepreneurs with a favourable and transparent business environment. The procedures for registering companies in Uruguay and obtaining permits are simplified and standardised. This contributes to the ease of doing business and the country's attractiveness to investors.

Financial system

The country has a well-developed financial system with sound banks and financial institutions. Local and foreign companies can easily open corporate accounts and access banking services.

Foreign investments

Uruguay actively attracts foreign investment by providing investors with various advantages such as tax incentives and a stable legal environment.

Perspectives for different industries

Uruguay offers opportunities in a variety of industries, including agriculture, logistics, information technology and energy.

Uruguay's economy and business environment make it an attractive location for company incorporation and investment. However, it is important to consider both the benefits and risks of doing business in Uruguay. Entrepreneurs can obtain further information and advice from professionals to make an informed decision about company registration in this country.

 Kinds of lawful beings in Uruguay


 Registration of a limited liability company in Uruguay

Company type

Sociedad de Responsabilidad Limitada (SRL)


SRL stands as the prevailing kind of corporation in Uruguay. It is a legal entity with limited liability, which means that the founders are not personally liable for the debts and obligations of the company. An SRL can be created by one or more founders, who can be either individuals or legal entities.


SRL is managed by one or more directors, who may be foreigners. There are no residency requirements.

Obligatory documents

To formalise an SRL in Uruguay, it is required to prepare the company's articles of association and go through the procedures of registration with the tax authorities and the company registry.

Reporting and auditing

SRL is required to file accounts, but an audit is not required unless the company meets certain criteria.


The absence of a minimum authorised capital makes opening an SRL in Uruguay accessible to start-ups and small businesses.

The founders are not personally liable for the company's debts.

No residency requirements for directors and founders.


Limited opportunities to attract investments through share issue.

Not applicable for non-profit organisations and certain activities requiring a specific licence.

Sociedad de Responsabilidad Limitada (SRL) bestows business visionaries with a adaptable and comparatively uncomplicated avenue to establish a corporation in Uruguay with nominal equity capital prerequisites and exempt from the demand to hoist exalted investment.


 Constitution of an undisclosed association in Uruguay

Firm classification

Sociedad Anonima (SA).


SA is a genre of corporation typically employed for substantial establishments and undertakings. It is a juridical entity whose originators can encompass both persons and juridical entities. The SA is distinguished by an elevated share capital and an enhanced echelon of obscurity for the stakeholders.


The SA is overseen by a council of governors, which might encompass both inhabitants and non-inhabitants. There exist prerequisites for the minimal count of governors.

Obligatory documents

Uruguayan enlistment in SA necessitates the formulation of compacts of conjunction and enlistment methodologies with the fiscal bureaus and the mercantile ledger.


Reporting and auditing

SA is required to report and audit if it fulfils certain criteria.


No taxation on foreign income, assets and dividend distributions.

Anonymity of shareholders allows to keep business transactions confidential.

Possibility to attract investments through share issue.


More administrative obligations and reporting requirements.

Restrictions on certain activities and the need to obtain special licences.

Starting an anonymous company in Uruguay provides a higher level of financial stability and anonymity for shareholders, making it attractive for large enterprises and projects, but comes with higher start-up costs and administrative obligations.


Opening a branch office of foreign companies in Uruguay

Company type

Branches of foreign companies


Branches of foreign companies are branches of foreign companies incorporated in other countries. Branches may carry out commercial activities in Uruguay on behalf of the parent company.


The branch is managed by the foreign parent company. In Uruguay, a local representative is required to be appointed to liaise with local authorities and report.

Obligatory documents

The enrollment of a subsidiary establishment in Uruguay mandates the formulation of records substantiating the validity of the overseas corporation, in addition to the endorsement of the branch office's articles of alliance.

Reporting and auditing

Branches must submit annual accounts and audit reports, including financial results and tax payments.


No need for authorised capital.

Ability to utilise the resources and expertise of the parent company.

Expansion of business in Uruguay without the need to create a new legal structure.


Mandatory compliance with Uruguayan law and tax obligations.

Restrictions on the type of activities that can be carried out by a branch office.

Branches of foreign companies provide an opportunity for foreign companies to expand their operations in Uruguay without creating a separate legal structure, but they must comply with Uruguayan law and pay income taxes and other obligations.

Basic share capital


 Norms for basic authorised capital when establishing a business in Uruguay

In Uruguay, the ordinances concerning the primary accredited wealth for the inception of a enterprise may diverge contingent on the archetype of the juridical entity and the expanse of its undertaking. The most favored prototypes of juridical entities are Sociedad de Responsabilidad Limitada (SRL) and Sociedad Anonima (SA). Here is an abridgment of the capital stipulations for these varieties of juridical entities:

  • Limited Liability Company (SRL): Uruguayan law establishes a specific minimum for the authorised capital of an SRL. This allows founders to define an SRL with a minimum or even symbolic capital of USD 520. URUGUAYAN LEGISLATION ESTABLISHES A SPECIFIC MINIMUM OR EVEN SYMBOLIC CAPITAL OF US$520. This format is affordable for small and medium-sized businesses, as well as for start-ups with limited budgets.
  • Joint Stock Company (SA): For an SA registered in Uruguay, the base share capital is determined based on the value of the assets that the company intends to include in the capital. This implies that the base authorised capital may vary depending on the nature of the business and the financial performance of the company. Generally, larger and more complex structures require more capital.

To find out the exact norms for authorised capital for SA, it is worth considering the assets that are intended to be used as capital. Consultation with legal and financial professionals can help to gain a more detailed understanding.

It is also worth bearing in mind that businesses in certain sectors may have specialised capital requirements imposed by regulations or laws.

It should be remembered that authorised capital requirements are subject to change. Therefore, it is always advisable to consult professionals in the field or official resources for up-to-date information.


Authorised capital contribution and verification process

The process of depositing share capital and verifying it when registering a company in Uruguay is an important step. Here is how the process usually takes place:

  • Choosing a bank: the first step is to choose the bank where the special account will be opened to deposit the authorised capital of the company. There are many commercial banks in Uruguay and you should choose the one that best suits your needs.
  • Opening an account: once you have chosen a bank, you must register a corporate account in the name of your company. This is required for further contribution of authorised capital.
  • Supplying the sanctioned principal: After the record is commenced, you or your originators must deliver the sanctioned principal into the record. The quantum of the sanctioned principal hinges on the breed of corporation and its pursuits as mentioned aforetime. The submission can be executed in currency or via bank remittance.
  • Acknowledgment of verification: after the sanctioned principal has been effectively authenticated, you shall receive an affirmation of this. 

It is important to comply with all the requirements and procedures related to the contribution of share capital to ensure that the process is legal and transparent. It is recommended to obtain professional advice from lawyers specialising in business registration in Uruguay to ensure that all the steps are carried out correctly.

Company registration process


Selection of a company name and its verification

Choosing a company name and verifying it are important steps when registering a company in Uruguay. Here is how it usually happens:

  • Choosing a unique name: The first step is to choose a name for your company. This name should be unique and should not be repeated among existing companies in Uruguay. The company name can reflect its character, activity or brand.
  • Uniqueness check: once you have chosen a name, you must check its uniqueness with the Uruguay company registry. This is important to avoid conflicts with existing companies and to ensure the legal purity of your brand.
  • Preparation of documents: after verifying that the name you have chosen is unique, you must prepare the documents that will be included in the company registration application. These documents include the chosen name, as well as other incorporation documents required to set up the company.
  • Filing: you must then file an application for company registration with the appropriate registration authorities in Uruguay. In this application, you will need to specify the chosen name of the company.
  • Reviewing the application: once the application has been submitted, the Uruguayan registration authorities will conduct a review. This process may include not only checking the uniqueness of the name, but also other aspects of your company such as its structure and share capital.
  • Approval: If the application is approved, you will be provided with a certificate of incorporation and can officially begin operations.

It is important to remember that the company name you choose must comply with Uruguayan law and not contain inappropriate or offensive elements. In case of doubts or uncertainties, it is advisable to consult the company registration specialists in Uruguay to ensure that all the steps of incorporation are correctly completed.


Preparation and submission of constituent documents


Actions and procedures

Preparation of articles of association

Drafting the text of the articles of association that will define the rules and structure of your company. The articles of association must comply with the requirements of Uruguayan law.

Specifying the main details, such as the name of the company, purpose, duration of activity, address, management structure, etc.

Preparation of the regulation

Preparation of company regulations, if required by the type of company and its activities. The regulation defines the company's internal rules and procedures.

Clarification of the governance structure, rights and obligations of shareholders (if SA) and other details.

Certification of documents

Documents, including articles of association and regulations, may require notarisation. To do this, contact a notary and obtain the appropriate stamps and signatures.

Ensure that all documents are prepared in accordance with Uruguayan requirements and are ready to be submitted to the registration authorities.

Submission of documents

Submit the articles of incorporation and bylaws of the company, as well as other required incorporation documents, to the Uruguayan registration authorities as part of your application for company registration.

Contact the registration authorities for instructions on the requirements for submission of documents.

Consideration of application

The registration authorities will review the application and your constituent documents. They may require clarifications or additional documents if necessary.

Expect to be notified of the outcome of your application.

Approval and registration

If your solicitation is sanctioned, you shall obtain a corporate enrollment credential, and your enterprise shall be formally registered in Uruguay.

You can now start officially doing business in the country.


Enrollment with tributary overseers and acquiring a tribute numeral

  • Subsequently prevailing in enrolling your enterprise with the Uruguayan integration magistrates, the ensuing pivotal measure is to enlist with the fiscal magistrates.
  • Thou shouldst proceed to the Dirección General Impositiva (DGI), the Uruguayan tax master, to procure a tax numeral (Número de Identificación Tributaria, RUT).
  • The tribute numeral is an obligatory recognition numeral for the firm and is utilized when discharging tributes and lodging yields.
  • You shall additionally need to enlist with the taxation disclosure mechanism to discern your enterprise's fiscal responsibilities.

Obtaining relevant licences

  • Depending on the nature of your business and the industry in which you operate, additional licences and permits may be required.
  • Certain types of business, such as financial services, medical or educational institutions, and import and export, may require specific authorisation.
  • Check with national and regional authorities for specific requirements and the process for obtaining the necessary licences.

All of these steps are important for the legal operation of your company in Uruguay and compliance with tax and legal regulations. It is advisable to work with local lawyers and consultants to ensure compliance with the law and minimise risks.

Commencing a corporate ledger


Requirements for opening an account with Uruguayan banks



Legal incorporation of a company

Opening a corporate account with a Uruguayan bank requires your company to be officially registered in the country.

Confirmation of the identity of company representatives

The bank will usually require documents proving the identity and status of the company's representatives, such as passports or ID cards.

Statutory documents of the company

Documents certifying the company's right to open an account, such as articles of association and company regulations, must be provided.

Documents on the place of residence of representatives

In order to manage a corporate ledger in Uruguay, the bank might necessitate evidence of abode for corporate agents, such as utility invoices or supplementary corroborative records.

Description of the business and source of funds

Additional information about the nature of the company's business and the sources of funds to be transferred to the account may be required by the bank.

Compliance with the bank's requirements

Each bank may have its own additional requirements, so it is advisable to contact the specific bank for details.

Note that requirements may vary depending on the bank chosen and their policies. To successfully open a corporate account in Uruguay, it is important to cooperate with local banks and follow their instructions.


Features and advantages of corporate banking in Uruguay

Business financial in Uruguay possesses numerous attributes and benefits:

  • Stable financial system: Uruguay is known for its stable financial system and low inflation rates. This creates a sound financial environment for corporate clients.
  • Banking privacy: Uruguay is considered one of the countries with a high level of banking privacy. Banking secrecy is strictly protected by law, which makes this country attractive to investors and entrepreneurs who want to ensure the confidentiality of their financial transactions.
  • Diversity of services: Uruguayan banks provide a wide range of corporate banking services, including corporate accounts, lending, payment processing and trade finance.
  • Multilingual services: Many Uruguayan banks provide services in several languages, including English and Spanish, making them accessible to international clients.
  • Stable currency: Uruguay's national currency is the Uruguayan peso (UYU), and the country is known for the stability of its currency.
  • Local and international access: Uruguay is part of the global banking system, which provides access to international financial markets and payment systems.
  • Quality service: banking institutions in Uruguay are committed to providing high quality assistance and corporate clients can expect professional support.
  • Cost level: the cost level of corporate banking in Uruguay is generally considered competitive, especially when compared to other nations with elevated degrees of banking privacy.

However, as in any country, when choosing a bank and banking services in Uruguay, it is important to carefully assess your needs, as well as research the specific terms and requirements of the banking products offered.

 Taxation and accounting


 Peculiarities of taxation of foreign companies

Characteristics of the tax regime for foreign enterprises in Uruguay include the following points:

  • Income Tax (Impuesto a las Rentas de las Actividades Económicas - IRAE): foreign firms registered in Uruguay are subject to the same income tax as national enterprises at 25%.
  • Value Added Tax (Impuesto al Valor Agregado - IVA): foreign firms selling goods and providing services in Uruguay are also liable to pay this tax. IVA rates are 22%.
  • Double taxation: Uruguay has concluded double taxation treaties with several countries, which reduces tax liabilities for foreign enterprises, especially if they pay taxes in their home country.
  • Property and asset taxes: foreign enterprises may also be taxed on their property and assets in Uruguay at a rate of 1.5 per cent.
  • Financial reporting requirements: foreign firms are required to strictly follow accounting and reporting regulations, including submitting accounting reports and undergoing audits.
  • Foreign exchange regulation: Uruguay has restrictions on foreign exchange transactions that foreign companies are required to take into account when conducting foreign exchange transactions.

It should be noted that tax laws and policies are subject to change, so it is always advisable to consult experienced tax professionals and lawyers specialising in international taxation when planning your business and tax obligations in Uruguay.


Reporting and auditing

Reporting and auditing play an important role in the accounting and financial activities of companies in Uruguay. Here is more information:

  1. Reporting:
    • Financial reporting: Companies in Uruguay are required to maintain financial statements in accordance with local accounting standards. These standards are usually harmonised with or may be very close to International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). Financial statements include a balance sheet, income statement, cash flow statement and notes to the statement.
    • Quarterly and annual reports: companies are usually required to submit quarterly reports to the tax authorities and annual reports to the company registry. These reports provide information on the financial position and performance of the company.
    • Tax compliance: companies must also comply with tax reporting, including the payment of taxes such as income tax and value added tax (VAT). It is important to comply with deadlines for filing tax returns and paying taxes.
  2. Audit:
    • Examination: Registered corporations in Uruguay are obliged to undergo an evaluation of their financial records. This might be compulsory for sizable corporations or those that meet specific prerequisites. The assessment is conducted by an autonomous inspection company, which validates the verity and precision of the fiscal data.
    • Examination declarations: the outcomes of the examination are presented in the configuration of examination declarations that are affixed to the corporation's fiscal records. These declarations may encompass the inspector's viewpoint regarding the credibility of the records and the difficulties or counsel recognized by the inspector.
    • Adherence: Examinations also aid corporations in abiding by statutory stipulations and guaranteeing their adherence to fiscal reporting principles.

In addition, it is important to note that tax and accounting laws in Uruguay are subject to change and companies should keep up to date and comply with current regulations and standards.It is equally crucial to retain that specific reporting and auditing requirements may vary contingent upon the genus of firm and its operations. Consultation with experienced auditors and tax advisors in Uruguay can be very helpful to ensure compliance with all requirements.

Advantages and disadvantages of company registration in Uruguay



Disadvantages and risks

Economic and political stability

Uruguay is renowned for its stable economy and political environment, which creates a predictable business environment.

High taxes: The tax burden in Uruguay can be relatively high, which can have an impact on a business's profits.

Macroeconomic stability: The country has low inflation and restrained debt, which contributes to stability.

Competition: The Uruguayan market can be competitive, and careful consideration of the competitive landscape is necessary for success.


Limited market: Uruguay is a relatively small market, which may limit the scale of the enterprise.

Favourable conditions for foreign investors

Overseas capitalists are welcome: Uruguay actively lures extraneous financiers by providing various incentives and guarantees.

Bureaucracy: Registration and business procedures can take time and paperwork.

Double taxation agreements: Uruguay has agreements with many countries, which facilitates international taxation.

Высокие подоходные налоги: Налоги на доходы физических и юридических лиц могут быть очень высокими.

So, registering a company in Uruguay offers several advantages, such as stability and favourable conditions for overseas financiers. However, there are disadvantages and risks to consider, including high taxes and competition in the market. The decision to incorporate in Uruguay should be carefully considered in light of the specific objectives and needs of your business.

A brief summary of the key points of the article

Uruguay, a nation with a comparatively unwavering economic condition and foreseeable corporate milieu, presents business proprietors an extraordinary chance to integrate a corporation. The nation is celebrated for its unsealed economic system, entry to global commerce, and affiliation with Mercosur, which grants entry to a vast regional marketplace.

Uruguay provides several types of legal entities for entrepreneurs, such as SRLs and SAs, and also allows foreign companies to register branches in its territory. Authorised capital requirements vary depending on the type of company.

The company incorporation process includes choosing a unique name, preparing incorporation documents and enrolling with the fiscal regulators, and may also require additional licences hinging upon the variety of enterprise. Corporate banking in Uruguay provides a variety of services for corporate clients.

There are specific taxation requirements for overseas corporations and enterprises must comply with reporting and auditing requirements.

When considering incorporation in Uruguay, it is crucial to contemplate the advantages, such as economic stability and favourable conditions for foreign investors. However, disadvantages, including high taxes and a competitive environment, should also be considered.

Regardless of your choice, it is recommended that you carefully research the requirements and consult with legal counsel to make an informed decision about opening a company in Uruguay. Supposing you possess curiosity in amalgamating an enterprise in Uruguay and need advice, please fill out the contact form on our website.