fbpx
close

News

Great Britain: Private Banking & AML

Great Britain is known for its rigorous implementation of AML policies. Undertaking financial activities in the UK requires an indepth knowledge of the country’s numerous AML requirements, including regulations, laws & procedures. And that particularly…

Private Equity Deals in Spain

Spanish private capital investment reached a record high of EUR 8.5 billion in the last financial year. International funds continue to show great interest in Spain which is a country of great growth potential. If…

Private Equity Variety in Spain

Foreign entrepreneurs willing to invest in the Spanish equity capital market can use a wide range of investment vehicles. Business in Spain attracts development finance through stocks and bonds. Investors get the opportunity to profitably…

Monaco: Types of Private Banking Contracts

Considered Europe’s major business hub, Monaco traditionally attracts hosts of entrepreneurs wishing to render financial services in the EU. There’s a good chance that you’re one of them and are now contemplating registering a banking…

Turkey: Open Banking

Planning on undertaking financial activities in Turkey? If you are, then you definitely need to know about open banking in Turkey and how it is used by Turkey-registered companies. Interested? Then let’s dive right into…

Liechtenstein: Private Banking & AML

Those planning on carrying out financial activities in Liechtenstein should pay particular attention to ensuring their business’ transparency & compliance with AML rules. This article describes the key AML requirements private banks & asset managers…

New Trends in Luxembourg Fund Regulation

At the end of last year, Luxembourg passed a new law establishing the Register of Beneficial Owners (Registre des Bénéficiaires Effectifs, or RBE), which requires all firms registered in the Luxembourg company register, including investment…

An Impeccable Reputation: Foreign Investment in the UK

Many entrepreneurs looking to expand their business overseas see the UK as an ideal jurisdiction. There are a huge number of reasons for this, but the main ones are considered to be ease, impeccable compliance…

Guernsey: Fund Regulation in Brief

For quite a long time, the island of Guernsey was a British colony, and to this day the country is the possession of the British crown. In 1973, when the UK joined the EU, the…

Crypto-Asset Litigation

If you intend to start crypto activities in the EU, UK, or USA, it should be borne in mind that cases of manipulation and fraudulent schemes using crypto assets have become more frequent these days….

Monaco: Private Banking and AML

In recent years, many governments have spoken out in support of business transparency and have introduced anti-money laundering (AML) and financial crime prevention legislation. Banks and other financial institutions that issue credit or allow customers…

France to Take AML Compliance Seriously

The European Commission made the implementation of the AML directives a priority. The EU member-states are now to enact tighter rules to counter dirty-money risks in all areas, including prepaid cards and cryptocurrency exchanges. However,…

UK: Unauthorized Payment Fraud Prevention

Listed financial companies in the UK detected and prevented GBP 1.8 billion in fraudulent transactions last year. However, now, during the coronavirus outbreak, there is a trend towards an increase in cases of payment fraud,…

Israeli Private Equity Funds Overview

As in many other countries, private equity funds in Israel are set up in the form of limited partnerships. A limited liability partnership in Israel is a separate legal entity where limited partners do not…

Overview of Changes in Fintech Regulation in Malta & the EU

The EU & Malta are expending a great deal of effort to achieve their main goal, which is to become undisputed fintech leaders. If you’re a foreign investor, establishing a fintech company in the EU…

Austria: Regulation of Private Investment

This article examines the main issues related to the regulation of private investment in Austria. The country conducts the entire spectrum of private equity transactions, from seed capital to buybacks. There is also an increase…

Tightening Rules for Crypto Firms in the UK

Since the beginning of this year, the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) has overseen the AML / CTF policy of UK crypto companies under MLR. The FCA has recently reminded firms with or planning to start…

Sharia Banking in the USA

In the last 5 years, we’ve seen more Islamic banks in the U.S. offering a wide range of financial services and having developed techniques to provide financing while staying sufficiently true to Sharia principles. Their…

Brazil: PEF Regulation

Having a sufficiently developed economy, Brazil has long been a magnet for foreign investors. So, let’s have a look at the key legal requirements potential investors will have to meet to open a business in…

Preparing a Business for Sale

You have been working hard to make your business a success, haven’t you? But what should you do to maximize its value? In fact, selling a business requires one to comply with some basic requirements,…

Fund Types in Germany

Recently, Germany’s government has released a statement saying that the investment market in the country is developing at a staggering pace. Pursuant to the report published by the Federal Statistics Office, the amount of foreign…

Post-Crisis Banking Regulation in Lebanon

Lebanon's once steadily growing banking system faced a crisis late last year. The problems that began in the macroeconomic sphere were gradually transferred to the country's banking sector.  In this article, we offer a brief…

FinSA & FinIA: Major Changes in Swiss Regulatory Landscape

This year saw Swiss lawmakers pass two important pieces of legislation – FinSA & FinIA. Meant to make financial intermediaries’ services more competitive & boost protection of customers, the laws also put in place rules…

US Financial Regulator Eases Requirements Due to COVID-19

The pandemic is a serious test for businesses, but it will pass, leaving behind an understanding of methods, approaches, and solutions to cope with problems in crisis and post-crisis situations.  Understanding this, the US Financial…

Cryptoassets: What Does Future Hold in Store?

The recently published report entitled "The Legal Status of Cryptoassets & Smart Contracts" defines the legal status of cryptocurrencies, specifying an asset class they belong to & clarifying the laws applicable to them. It will…

New Regulatory Changes in the Cayman Islands

All those contemplating registering an investment foundation in the Cayman Islands should keep in mind the recent changes in the country’s regulatory regime. Related primarily to the setting up of investment foundations in the Cayman…

Philippines: Arbitration During the Coronavirus Pandemic

The coronavirus pandemic & ensuing nationwide quarantine has rendered the holding of arbitration proceedings in the Philippines impossible. Therefore, local arbitral tribunals are now looking for alternative ways of resolving disputes, and conducting virtual hearings…

New Bank Supervision Mechanism in Ireland

In this post, we offer a brief overview of the mechanisms that govern the Irish banking sector. This topic is relevant for those who wish to obtain a financial license in Ireland. Key regulators Ireland's…

UK’s Cross-Border Information Sharing Guide

The UK recently released a concise guide to cross-border communication within corporations. If you intend to establish a company in the UK please note that the guide contains guidelines that may be helpful to corporations…

Financing & Verifying M&A Transactions During the Coronavirus Pandemic

The coronavirus pandemic is undoubtedly creating major difficulties for concluding M&A deals worldwide. So, let’s have a closer look at the factors capable of adversely affecting the conclusion of M&A transactions during the ongoing pandemic…

Distinctive Features of Australia’s Merger Control

The Australian merger control is aimed to prevent competition problems in the Australian market. Merger control here is voluntary for companies. However,  the level to which this procedure is voluntary in practice, we will consider…

How COVID-19 Globally Affects M&A Deals

COVID-19 continues to devastate the world economy. Now, in particular, there is a significant drop in activity in international mergers and acquisitions. However, unlike the global financial crisis, the situation affects almost all areas of…

Regulating Islamic Finance in Japan

Important Points to Consider Having a miniscule Muslim population and, correspondingly, insufficient customer base, Japan currently has no Islamic financial establishments. Hence, traditional financial products & establishments still remain prevalent. However, the recent changes to…

M&A Deals in Belgium

M&A transactions in Belgium can now be completed under a simplified procedure. According to the recently published rules, companies may be eligible for simplified registration of mergers in Belgium, which, in turn. leads to reduced…

Private Equity Funds in Australia

Recent years have seen the Australian government take steps aimed at encouraging establishment of PEFs in Australia.  As a result, the country’s PEF landscape has undergone major transformations, and particularly after the introduction of VCLP,…

The Philippines Welcome Islamic Finance

Islamic banks and investment funds are mainly concentrated in the Middle East, the Persian Gulf and Malaysia. However, they’ve been long drawing interest from different countries due to the massive liquidity. Their total assets are…

Islamic Finance The French Way

The French authorities were faced with the task of incorporating Islamic finance into the legal system, but at the same time not violating their religious principles defined by Sharia. They coped with this task perfectly….

Investment Funds Regulation in Bermuda

Today it is difficult to imagine a global investment industry without one of its key centers – Bermuda. More than 600 different investment funds are registered and successfully operate in this jurisdiction. But these are…

Transformations in Canada’s Banking Sector

If you intend to obtain a banking license in Canada, then your intention is quite logical and your choice of jurisdiction inspires respect because the banking sector here is in the world’s top in terms…

US Capital Markets

A capital market is a securities market (debt or equity) where commercial enterprises & governments can raise long-term funds. What makes it different from the money market  (where short-term funds are normally raised) is that…

The First Crypto-Dispute in Malaysia

If you are interested in registering a crypto business in Malaysia, it is important to know that since the launch of bitcoin in 2009, a lot of different cryptocurrencies have appeared. The most popular of…

IP Rights Protection: How Amazon Beat Coty

There have been some new developments in a high-profile IP rights dispute involving Coty Germany GmbH & Amazon. If by some chance you haven’t been following it, let us give you a quick rundown: Coty,…

COVID-19: Restrictions on Foreign Investment

Due to the rapid spread of the coronavirus pandemic, many governments are taking measures aimed at maintaining & stabilizing the situation in their countries. However, if you intend to invest in Europe, you should keep…

Regulation of M&A Deals in Peru

Recent years have seen the number of M&A deals in Peru increase significantly. We decided to analyze the main issues that foreign investors may face in relation to the regulation of M&A deals in Peru….

Overview of Cryptocurrency Legislation in Canada

Modern technology, and more specifically DLT, could potentially render provision of financial services more efficient. The Canadian government's position (including that of the country’s regulatory bodies) on cryptocurrencies is that there should be a balanced…

Islamic Financing in the Republic of Ireland

Those seeking to open a company in the EU should definitely train their sights on the Irish Republic. Being a member of the EU and OECD, it attracts foreign investors due to small or zero…

UK & Its Draft EU Free Trade Agreement

In its recently published draft EU free trade agreement, the British government has purposefully omitted geographical indications (GIs). What this means is that GIs will continue to remain a contentious issue during all upcoming negotiations…

Registering TM in Mozambique Will Be Easier

Mozambique will join the ARIPO (African Regional Intellectual Property Organization) system for trademarks and intends to implement the Banjul Protocol. This news was surprising to many despite the fact that the country has long been…

FDI in the EU

Little did EU economic pundits know how vital the new FDI screening regulations would prove to be after the outbreak of the coronavirus pandemic. Under the regulations, a mechanism enabling individual member states to verify…

Netherlands: Financial Services Regulation

If you’re planning on starting a business in the EU, why not do it in the Netherlands? Registering a financial company in Holland is a multi-stage process which requires the applicant to comply with a…

Brand Protection

Due to the changing consumer behaviours & increased activity of counterfeiters, brand owners worldwide are now facing hitherto unheard of challenges. In this article, we’ll be taking a look at how owners of brands can…

Protecting a Brand – Why is it so Important Now?

Given an increase in online shopping, ever-evolving consumer behaviours & changes in the way products are being bought online, owners of brands worldwide are now facing hitherto unseen & bigger challenges. And topping that list…

Why is it Important to Register an International Brand During the COVID-19 Pandemic?

The COVID-19 pandemic has changed the world in many ways. Some of these changes, such as restrictions on the movement of people, will be short-term, while others will, most likely, be more fundamental & affect…

Updated Crowdfunding Regulation in Nigeria

The US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has recently released and made public the new Crowdfunding Rules. It is assumed that now crowdfunding platforms in the United States, as well as located on the territory…

FDI Legislation in Great Britain

Over the recent years, the EU & its individual member states (including its former members, such as Great Britain) have been tightening FDI screening rules, with the main emphasis being placed on national security. However,…

FDI in Canada

FDI in Canada is absolutely vital for the country’s prosperity; however complying with FDI regulation in Canada is not without its pitfalls & can, therefore, be quite a challenge. So, let’s take a closer look…

Using Smart Contracts for Dispute Resolution

Using traditional methods to resolve construction disputes is an invariably long & costly process. What’s more, legal costs may end up being disproportionate to the sum of the award received. Therefore, it is hardly a…

Blockchain & Smart Contracts: 5 Things to Remember

Everyone who has at least some basic idea of what blockchain and cryptocurrencies are is bound to have heard about smart contracts. Given the increasing number of entrepreneurs seeking to register a cryptocurrency company, concluding…

The Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on International M&A

Conducting international mergers and acquisitions is always fraught with various kinds of challenges, ranging from legal and ending with cultural ones. Needless to say, these challenges have become an order of magnitude greater after the…

How to Obtain a Financial License in Austria

Austria has a stable financial system, a balanced budget, an efficient economy, and a high level of wealth. The state and regulatory policy of the country in the banking sector is aimed primarily at maintaining…

FDI Regulation in Germany

Overall, German legislation is quite liberal toward foreign direct investment in German companies. However, given the recent influx of investors from countries outside the EU, and more specifically, recent acquisitions of high-tech companies by Chinese…

Concluding M&A Deals in Hong Kong

Usually, acquiring businesses in HK SAR requires concluding a contract for the sale of a company or assets. Non-public companies can also be purchased through signing an agreement, provided it is done according to the…

Legal Framework for Banking in Germany

The banking sector in Germany is regulated by three laws: On Banking, On Trading in Securities and the Civil Code. The latter regulates the relationship between financial institutions and their customers. German banks are supervised…

Law

The advantages of mediating international business disputes

Nowadays the international business society is experiencing a “settlement explosion”. This is because of the  growing rate of international transactions. The number of factors confronting parties to international business relations is quite significant and may…

Benefits of Mediation

Settlement of International Commercial Disputes Due to the constantly growing number of international transactions, companies are increasingly facing the need to resolve their commercial differences. There are many factors influencing the emergence of disputes, and…

Concluding M&A Deals in the Republic of Finland

The two most popular ways of concluding M&A deals in Finland involve selling shares or selling entire companies. Signing an M&A agreement in the Republic of Finland can be affected by a number of factors,…

Luxembourg and Hong Kong to Recognise Funds

If an entrepreneur wants to establish an investment fund in Luxembourg or Hong Kong, he will be delighted to know that at the beginning of last year, the regulators of these jurisdictions shook hands and…

How the COVID-19 Pandemic Impacted Startups in India

The coronavirus pandemic adversely affected the entire investment sector in India, but it is the startups that ended up being the hardest hit. The majority of them are experiencing a decline in demand that hasn’t…

Ireland: A Closer Look at Digital Finance

Ireland has become one of the key places not only in Europe but also in the world where fintech companies have settled. If you plan to establish a fintech company in Ireland or EU, then…

Digital Business in Belgium

Currently, the two most popular digital areas in which you can open a business in Belgium include the sharing economy & mobile commerce (or m-commerce). The sharing economy is based on such platforms as Airbnb,…

Which Сountry is Best to Settle an International Dispute

Nowadays, more and more conflicting parties choose countries outside their place of residence to resolve the dispute. It has never been easier for the parties to resolve the dispute using alternative methods or in an…

M&A Features in Malta

Malta has established itself as a competitive platform for M&A transactions, which creates many new opportunities for ambitious entrepreneurs.  At the international level, M&A deals in Malta involve financial companies, pharmaceuticals, real estate, and telecommunications….

LLC Insolvency in the UK

Everyone who has ever encountered entrepreneurial activity knows that closing a company is much more difficult than opening it. Company closure in the UK is a voluminous complex of tasks that requires a lot of…

FIDIC White Paper

In 2017, the 5th edition of the FIDIC White Paper, a model contract for the provision of consulting services in the field of construction, was released. The revised list of services of the White Paper…

Nigeria – Open Banking Concept

Open banking in the Republic of Nigeria still has a long way to go before it reaches full maturity. As a rule, parties to an open banking agreement in Nigeria include a consumer, consumer bank…

Fintech in Indonesia: Developing Slowly But Steadily

In general, the fintech industry in Indonesia is showing a positive trend. There is a progressive implementation of innovative technologies in the field of finance and the volume of operations is growing slowly but steadily….

Additional Investor Protection in Crowdfunding in the EU

Recently, the final text on the regulations of the European Parliament and the European Crowdfunding Council has become available to the general public. The document addresses many important aspects that relate to investor safety. In…

Combating Violations in Cross Border E-Trade in China

Paradoxically, the COVID-19 pandemic has given a powerful boost to e-trade worldwide, generating demand for products & services that few people could imagine several months ago. Need legal advice on customs regulations in China? Considering…

New Rules to Detect Corruption in International Arbitration

Corruption is a complex phenomenon of social life that has penetrated into many spheres of life, and international arbitration is not an exclusion.   In order to take more effective measures to counteract this disastrous phenomenon…

Ethics & Corporate Governance

Based on international law, human rights can transcend national and cultural borders. When making important decisions & resolving conflict situations, international law always puts human rights first. The subjective element, in turn, is excluded and…

E-Commerce Law

E-commerce law is an ever-evolving area that plays an important role in the business world. The development of the Internet has opened up new opportunities for the creation of trading & marketing channels, which, in…

UK Regulator Tightening Control Over Fintech Sector

Conclusion of fintech deals in Great Britain involves participation of a large number of consumers & innovative firms. Over the recent years, UK fintech regulators have tightened control over this sector, justifying it by the…

M&A Deals During the Coronavirus Pandemic

Since its outbreak, the coronavirus pandemic has been interrupting, and in some cases hindering, companies’ operation. It has also influenced the way purchasers & sellers prepare for & conclude M&A deals. Therefore, governments of different…

Regulation of Banking Activities in France

The main laws governing banking in France include the Monetary & Financial Code, the Finance Act & Banking Act. It’s worth pointing out that the Finance Act applies not only to investment entities, but also…

IP Rights Transfer During M&A Transactions in the UK

Mergers and acquisitions in the UK have their own characteristics. In this review, we will analyze how M&A transactions affect the transfer of intellectual property rights, as well as why it is important to conduct…

M&A Disclosure Regulation in Great Britain

Concluding an M&A deal in Great Britain requires the bidders & the target company to ensure that they don’t mislead each other by providing inaccurate information. This means that market participants shouldn’t overestimate the nature…

Hong Kong – Financial Market Regulation

Licensed individuals providing financial services in HK SAR are required to do so as per a special code of conduct. Those seeking to obtain a financial services license in HK SAR should submit their applications…

FDI in Belgium

Known for its investor friendliness, Belgium is now seeking to attract & retain foreign investors. As part of this effort, the government of Belgium has pledged to lower corporate income tax & amend the Companies…

Business Purchase&Sale Transactions in Mexico

Prior to buying or selling a business in Mexico, or an M&A deal in that jurisdiction, you should get familiarized with its legal framework carefully to avoid mistakes. If the decision is made, you should…

COVID-19 and international arbitration

International arbitration is one of the most common ways to resolve commercial disputes in the world. Therefore, any commercial organization that works with foreign counterparties, one way or another, may encounter consideration of the case…

A Guide for Startups Wishing to Register a Trademark in The EU

Startups are well aware that at the start of a business it is necessary to take care of trademark protection and register it. The trademark is protected territorially, that is, its protection extends only to…

Protecting FDI in the Republic of Argentina

Pursuant to the FDI Protection Act, foreign investors can invest in the Republic of Argentina without securing government approval & in accordance with the same rules that are applicable to domestic investors. Non-domestic investors can…

Large acquisitions by UAE banks in a new way

Today the world is trying to solve various problems arising from the influence of COVID-19. In this regard, governments and financial regulators from different countries are making efforts to mitigate the effects of the pandemic…

New Securities Market Regulation in Malta

Recently, Malta has entered into force new rules for regulating the securities market in order to make it even more transparent. The updated rules regulate transactions related to the transformation of liquidity and maturity, as…

Trademarks Registration and Protection in The Benelux

To begin with, the three countries which are parts of the Benelux – Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg – have concluded an agreement on the unification of their national trademark laws signed at the beginning…

Structure of Transactions in Denmark

Transactions in the Kingdom of Denmark normally represent two-party or auction processes that are split into 2 or more stages for the purpose of narrowing down the number of participants. Several factors affect the duration…

Retail Investment Funds in Hong Kong

Registering a RIF in HKSAR requires indepth understanding of the regulatory framework in this jurisdiction. Operation of RIFs is regulated by the OFC Code, while more specific rules & regulations are laid forth in the…

Legal complexities of launching a property fund

Property funds promise to increase the investments of investors through the construction and sale of real estate. If you intend to establish a property fund in the UAE, then this material will be useful for…

What’s new in crypto regulation in Southeast Asia?

Recent changes in cryptocurrency regulation show that Southeast Asia is focused on the security of operations in the cryptocurrency market and compliance with AM / CFT rules. Regulators of the countries of the region are…

Regulation of Funds in the UK during the Coronavirus Pandemic

Given the ongoing СOVID-19 pandemic, there’s now a special page on FCA website containing regulatory information on some of the operational & financial problems UK funds are facing. If you are looking into the possibility…

Franchising in Holland

Recent years have seen a genuine boom in Holland’s franchise sector. One of the most popular franchising areas is retail where fast food franchises have been mushrooming at a staggering rate. One of the advantages…

Corporate Governance

Corporate governance refers to processes within an organization aimed at ensuring control of shareholders over the board of directors. The company’s activities are based on a strict hierarchy, which is why corporate governance rules are…

Private Company Director Responsibilities

An entrepreneur who has made a firm decision to register a company, create a holding or establish a charity foundation should clearly understand the functions of a director in a future organization. This article focuses…

Cryptocurrency, Utility and Security Tokens Explained

Tokens is still a new concept that is quite difficult to understand by many. How to distinguish between their functionality? There is too much confusion about it. And this is normal. In our material, we…

Regulation of Cryptocurrency Derivative Market in the Republic of Singapore

According to the recent statement released by the MAS, Singapore’s main financial regulator, the organization will be overseeing contracts in which payment tokens will be used as underlying assets. The supervisor will be also regulating…

How to Buy a Business in Malaysia

Acquisition of a company usually occurs by acquiring the entire business, or by acquiring shares from the company. If we are talking about buying a ready-made business in Malaysia, this can be done quite quickly…

Hong Kong Financial Sector In Brief

Banking in Hong Kong is flourishing, and mostly due to the sound and well-organized regulation framework. The Hong Kong Monetary Authority (HKMA) oversees and regulates financial institutions. The Securities and Futures Commission (SFC) supervises securities…

Franchising in Great Britain

Franchising  is an arrangement between two or more parties whereby the franchisor grants the franchisee a right to use their trademarks, production processes & business systems to come up with a product or service which…

Great Kickoff: First Licensed Cryptocurrency Fund in Hong Kong

The first virtual currency trading license was recently issued in Hong Kong. Venture Smart Asia has launched its own cryptocurrency fund here, which buys and tracks Bitcoin prices. How to get a crypto license in…

Purchasing Assets & Companies in Great Britain

Normally, buying a business in Great Britain requires concluding a purchase & sale agreement. Whether a deal involving the purchase of assets or companies in Great Britain  can go through is pivotals on how many…

Cryptocurrency Regulation in the State of Portugal

There are no specific laws in Portugal regarding virtual assets, cryptocurrency exchanges, e-wallets & virtual asset operators. However, that doesn’t necessarily mean that there’s no regulation in the market of virtual assets. Panning on starting…

The Intricacies of Buying a Company in Taiwan

Buying a foreign business is an important step, which requires a balanced approach.  Do not rush, but rather find out more information about the legal subtleties of a foreign country, otherwise, you may encounter surprises….

New Rules for Determining the Fair Value of Securities

It finally happened! At the beginning of the current year, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) issued the long-awaited regulatory Proposal on the practice of evaluating registered investment companies and business development companies. The essence…

Andorra’s Banking Sector

Banking regulation in the Principality of Andorra primarily focuses on ensuring the efficiency & stability of banking & financial institutions. Overall, Andorran legislation is geared toward increasing confidence in the country's financial sector & protecting…

Resolving Investment Disputes in the Republic of Austria

The government of Austria hasn’t yet adopted a common policy regarding protection of foreign investments. With that being said, it is steadfastly committed to resolving investment disputes in the Republic of Austria through BITs. Being…

Australia’s Cryptocurrency Industry

Over the past several years, Australia has seen an explosive growth of cryptocurrency companies. To date, the government adheres to the position of regulating the crypto sector based on the principle of non-interference. This allows…

Registering a Bank in China

If you plan to register a financial company in China or open a bank in China, this material will be useful to you, because we not only analyze the main aspects of banking regulation in…

Cryptocurrency Regulation in the State of Japan

Creating a cryptocurrency company in Japan requires familiarity with respective legislation. In the state of Japan, cryptocurrencies are regulated by the amendments to FIEA & PSA that were passed in twenty nineteen & will enter…

Virtual Mediation: Dispute Resolution Online

Being an out-of-court method of resolving disputes, mediation provides a viable & highly efficient alternative to traditional litigation. Given the ongoing coronavirus pandemic, companies & individuals worldwide are increasingly resorting to peaceful settlement of disputes…

IPO for Public Companies in Northern Ireland

The opportunity to register a company in Northern Ireland attracts a considerable number of entrepreneurs and investors from all over the world who want to do business in prestigious jurisdictions. In this article, we will…

How Hedge-Funds are Regulated in the UK in 2020

It’s common knowledge that establishing a hedge fund in the United Kingdom has always been difficult. This process is often more complicated and time-consuming than, say, in the United States or in the EU countries….

Regulating Financial Services in Great Britain

Registering a business in Great Britain requires familiarity with the peculiarities of legislative norms of this country. We’ll try to shed some light on these two aspects & provide you with indepth insights into legal…

Investment Funds in Germany

Germany is rightfully considered one of the most developed European countries. Among the major European countries, today it undoubtedly has the most dynamic and competitive economy and a favorable investment climate.  In Germany, there is…

Online Arbitration During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Given the ongoing coronavirus pandemic, judges/arbitrators/lawyers/parties are now deciding whether remote resolution of disputes in the EU, USA & other jurisdictions will be the best way of handling the upcoming arbitrations & trials. As far…

Due Diligence in Guernsey Island

Sometimes it is much easier to buy a ready-made business abroad than to register a new company and develop from scratch. An established business has advantages, which, under a certain set of circumstances, can also…

Adaptive M&A in Dominicana

For several years now, on the global technology market, there has been a desire to take advantage of the emergence of revolutionary technological innovations and stimulate the introduction of innovative solutions in various industries. These…

Fintech Regulation in the State of Gibraltar

Regulatory Framework Being the main regulator of fintech business in Gibraltar, GFSC is also charged with issuing licenses authorizing this kind of activities. If you are planning on opening a company in the state of…

Better than People: Artificial Intelligence in Financial Services

Disruptive innovations in the modern world are commonplace, and those businesses that can quickly respond and adapt to change survive. The use of artificial intelligence (AI) is undoubtedly one of those changes that transform life…

Features of Financial Sector Regulation in Taiwan

In this article, we will consider some aspects of the regulation of Taiwan's financial sector, which is booming. The island's economy has a favorable investment climate, inferior in this indicator to only a few countries….

Estimating a Foreign Company’s Value

Determining a correlation between the value & location of an asset is what makes asset assessment so challenging. Assessing country risk provides an accurate picture of how operating an asset in this or that country…

M&A Deals in the US

Businessmen seeking to expand their business in the US can do so by buying a company that has gone through an M&A process. However, one should not forget that acquiring a company may require conducting…

Cayman Islands: How Funds Are Financed

Nowadays, lending and financial markets in the Cayman Islands are experiencing rapid growth. High creditworthiness and low risk make the market particularly attractive to international lenders. If you need legal advice on financing funds in…

Franchise Agreements in the UK – Key Features

The franchise networks establishing and promotion can be noted on almost the entire European continent. Due to its reliability, franchising continues to be one of the most popular forms of doing business and is actively…

Crowdfunding. Advantages and Pitfalls

Creating a crowdfunding platform is becoming an increasingly fashionable way to obtain funding not only for individual projects and startups, but also for existing businesses. In this article, we will analyze the types of crowdfunding…

Due Diligence (DD)

DD is a process whereby a potential deal or investment prospect is checked, investigated or audited. The idea behind is to verify everything that is revealed during the process of M&A & investment.  Need help…

CIGS Explained

Adopted by eighty five countries, CISG is an important legal mechanism enabling further globalization of contract & trade legislation & allowing for more predictability in the realm of international trade. Some of its most prominent…

Establishing AIF in Liechtenstein for Crypto Assets

The Principality of Liechtenstein is particularly appealing for investors for a number of reasons. Some of them include: Liberal regulatory framework Streamlined taxation Protection of sensitive data Access to Europe (EU / EEA) due to…

Benefits of Having a Shareholder Agreement

The company’s charter is a document establishing the rules governing the internal affairs of the company. As a rule, such a document is a mandatory requirement for registering a company in England or any other…

PEF in the People’s Republic of China

In the People’s Republic of China (with the exception of Macau & Hong Kong) PEFs are usually established as LPs. Registering PEFs in the People’s Republic of China implies a CIS which is managed by…

ESMA – Challenges & Opportunities in the New Millenium

It is common knowledge that ESMA is now focusing on the European securities market. Its major goal is to help protect investors, streamline market practices & guarantee financial stability. Innovation wise, ESMA is responsible for…

Due Diligence For Investors In Venture Capital Transactions

The venture capital market is increasingly attracting new players. Nevertheless, the IT sector remains the leader in the number of venture transactions and the amount of investments attracted in the world, which is not surprising,…

FDI – Regulatory Framework in the UAE

Under recently enacted legislation, restrictions on foreign ownership in onshore companies in the UAE have been largely liberalized. If you are considering registering a company in Dubai and want know more about regulations governing foreign…

How To Terminate Contracts In The UAE

The United Arab Emirates is a prestigious jurisdiction characterized by favorable business conditions. Businessmen and investors from all over the world consider starting a business in the UAE, since there are no taxes on income,…

Law

What Is Alternative Investment Fund?

The main business task of an investment fund is to effectively invest money to achieve a specific commercial goal. An alternative investment fund has a number of regulatory, organizational and tax advantages. Registration of an…

Law

Consideration in Treaties Under English Law

In our previous article on the main components of a legally binding common law contract, we looked at three out of four elements: Offer; Acceptance; Intention to create a legal relationship. In this article, we…

What is the Technology Act?

In their day-to-day operation, technology companies often encounter multiple problems. Modern technology is constantly evolving and these changes can lead to all kinds of misuses, including misuse of IP rights. The Technology Act is there…

Acquisitions & Mergers Explained

An M&A deal is all about two, three or more companies consolidating to form a new entity. Typically, it involves numerous components, including corporate finance & asset purchases, that simplify this process. A merger is…

Law

Obtaining a Freight Forwarding License in Germany – How Shipping & Forwarding Works in the EU

The shipping & forwarding industry in the EU is booming which is why quite a few entrepreneurs are considering opening a freight forwarding business in this jurisdiction. However, starting a shipping & forwarding company requires…

Invest in ICO? Learn How to Conduct a Security Check First

Today, huge numbers of people are wishing to register a company under ICO, as well as obtain a license for cryptocurrencies. This number has reached almost a record level thanks to the active assistance of…

How To Establish and Manage Retail Funds in Japan

An investment fund opening, structuring and management are extremely complex task, especially if talking about such jurisdictions as Japan. In this material, we would like to discuss some aspects that should be considered when you…

How Private Equity Funds are Taxed in Great Britain

Registering a company in Great Britain & opening an account with a British bank is by far one of the most popular options for creating an international business. The reason why many businessmen wish to…

Litigation Crowdfunding

As far as conducting trials is concerned, one cannot but mention the fact that it is impossible to guarantee their timeframes and costs. Many people, even adherents of litigation, are finding it increasingly difficult to…

Managing Assets & Investment-Oriented Funds in the European Union

Those seeking to obtain an AIFM license or establish an UCITS in the EU should keep in mind that ESMA has recently updated its AIFs & UCITS regulations. Meant to harmonize ways in which managers…

Islamic Financing Explained

Those practicing Islamic financing must do that according to a specific set of laws called Sharia. To ensure that project financing in the United States or EU is consistent with Sharia precepts, specific structures &…

Owning & Acquiring Banking Institutions in Great Britain

As per recently amended UK legislation, individuals seeking to purchase stakes or voting rights in British banking institutions (or a holding entity they are part of) must give advance notice to and receive permission from…

Self Defense Techniques: How Startups Protect Intellectual Property in Ireland

Intellectual property is the result of mental labor. The product of intellectual labor is very simple to steal and take advantage of. Especially if the creator did not bother to protect intellectual property rights on…

Planning to buy a gambling business in the EU? Do not neglect the legal audit before buying

The gaming industry has grown into a multi-billion business, attracting investors around the world. Gambling has become more accessible to a wide range of users with the rapid growth of youth among online players. There…

Registering a Financial Company in the Commonwealth of Australia

Being Australia’s major regulator of financial services, ASIC is charged with ensuring abidance by rules & regulations in the corporate & consumer sectors. It is also responsible for protecting consumers’ rights and overseeing the integrity…

Creating of a Joint Venture in a Crisis

Companies and investors are increasingly going beyond traditional models and strategies when conducting mergers and acquisitions. Registering a joint venture, therefore, may be one way of achieving their short-term & long-term goals. It provides them…

Registering Companies in Singapore

There are several different ways in which companies could get registered in Singapore. They include: Individual entrepreneurship. Copartnership. Company. LPs. LLPs. Trusts. Pros & Cons of Registering Sole Proprietorships in Singapore The pros include: Very…

Canada: Private Equity Transactions

How to Acquire a Canadian Target Company A purchase by a Canadian target company implies that a private equity sponsor buys securities or other assets of that company. When many sellers are involved, an association…

What does it mean to be a «foreign public investor» in Australia?

Demand for fertile Australian land and other assets has remained high for many years and is not expected to slow down neither by foreign public investors nor by private companies. And this despite doubling taxes…

Want to Save Assets For Your Heirs? Establish a Trust in Bermuda

Over the past 50 years, the notorious association with the “Bermuda Triangle” has been leveled by the extraordinary financial success of Bermuda, which has gained a reputation as one of the world’s top offshore jurisdictions….

The New Singapore Variable Capital Company (VCC)

Legislative groundwork for the functioning of VCCs in Singapore was laid in 2018. Back then, a special piece of legislation was passed called the VCC Act. Meant to stimulate investment, it was also aimed at…

Third Party Liability Under Contract in the English Law

Hundreds of years of judicial practice have made the English legal system the most attractive for the business environment. The English system, as you know, is very old, and it is based on a combination…

Legislative Framework Governing Trade Secrets in Malta

The recent legislative changes in Malta have simplified procedure for registering sensitive trade data, providing both domestic and non-domestic businesses with an opportunity to take advantage of more effective data protection regulations. Having trouble defining…

What Are Franchise Agreements All About?

Nowadays, a number of enterprises use franchise schemes as a means of expanding their businesses. However, registering a franchise requires getting legal advice about the intricacies involved in this process. Therefore, familiarizing yourself with procedure…

Acquiring & Owning Banking Institutions in the State of Sweden

Reliable & efficient financing systems are an essential component of any successful economy. The secret to Sweden’s prosperity lies in the fact that its financial system is managed by highly effective banking & other credit…

Switzerland – World’s №1 Financial Hub

Due to the stability of its financial market, Switzerland is rightly called the number one financial center in the world. The ease of creating startup projects, registering SMEs, and setting up innovative foreign companies in…

Small and Medium Enterprise in the UAE

Because of its contribution to the growth and diversification of the UAE’s economy, registering SMEs in the UAE was and still is a top priority for its government. To ensure further development of SMEs, it…

IQ Decision Expertise: What is a Life Trust?

In this educational article, we will look at a type of agreement called the Life Trust, also known as a revocable trust. This is a document where its founder acts as a trustee, granting the…

What Personal Data To Disclose When Selling a Business in Europe?

Comprehensive legal due diligence of a company in Europe and information disclosure are a mandatory and very important part of most transactions for the purchase of a ready-made business in Europe. A common practice is…

IQ Decision Expertise: How to Draw Up an Agreement and Protocol of Intent

Contracts are an important part of our daily business life. Contract law is one of the main branches of law, which requires high legal qualifications and expertise from the person who deals with it. Therefore,…

Having a Fund Licensed in the Caymans

Considering starting a business in the Caymans? In this article we will be looking into legal aspects of obtaining a fund license in the Cayman Islands. Legislative Framework Governing Investment Funds in the Caymans As…

How Fintech Is Regulated in Australia

Australia's fintech sector has been growing at an unprecedented rate recently. What used to be an unimpressive cloister of miniscule startups has grown into a full-fledged and expansive ecosystem. Australian regulators are working hard to…

Belief is the Key: How Venture Capital Works

Do you believe in angels? If you are a startup owner, you’d better do – in angel investors. Who these mysterious people are, and how the mechanism of venture capital works as a whole please…

How to Open a Direct Investment Fund in the British Virgin Islands?

Before 2018, a legal entity could easily open a direct investment fund in the British Virgin Islands (BVI) without a direct presence, that is, without the need to physically register a company there. However, times…

Using Blockchain in the Financial Sector

Blockchain technology has the potential to give an impetus to the development of an entire range of new industries. Therefore, companies seeking to engage in cryptocurrency business in the US (and worldwide) are increasingly viewing…

Executing an ICO in the US

All those trading in cryptoassets in the US were taken completely by surprise by the SEC’s recent decision to consider cryptocurrencies securities. But here an important reservation needs to be made – the decision does…

Cryptocurrencies in Switzerland

There is a huge number of assets nowadays, ranging from ordinary money to all kinds of securities. However, their use or sale can cause their holders certain difficulties. Following the first application of blockchain technology,…

Registering and Licensing a PEF in the BVI

The primary regulatory framework for funds in the BVI centers around SIBA. The latter, in its turn, gets monitored by another financial regulator – the FSC. There is also a whole network of regulations that…

Features of the digital markets functioning in the United Kingdom

In our era of universal integration, in recent years especially, there has been a steady increase in interest among foreign businessmen in doing business through the registration of a fintech company in the UK. In…

Long Live the Bitcoin! Virtual Currencies Gain Popularity in the UK

In this article, we will try to figure out what causes a stunning and constantly growing interest in virtual currencies, in particular, Bitcoin, and why registering a company for working with cryptocurrency is now gaining…

SEC Getting Tough on ICO Startups

A number of startups conducting ICOs in the US have recently been affected by the SEC’s decision to make them more compliant with its regulations. And though some of them have been able to get…

Trademark Registration and Protection in The EU

Trademark as a Tool to Stand Out In the world of consumption, the functions performed by the trademark today provide the following benefits for the product and its manufacturer: the allocation of goods from the…

US Lawmakers Seeking SEC Clarification on ICO Regulations

A group of US senators have forwarded a letter to the Head of the SEC requesting the latter to provide clarification on whether ICOs can be regarded securities, and if so, whether trading in ICOs…

SEC & ICO

Founded by US Congress in 1934, the SEC is primarily charged with making sure that statements filed by corporate entities comply with respective regulations and that issuers of securities do not breach the rights of…

Why is a Gambling License Important?

Launching a fully autonomous online casino requires obtaining a gambling license. In addition to improving the owner’s reputation and increasing the trust of potential players, obtaining an online casino license enables you to put in…

Law

DDG for Global Transactions

Businesses around the world are increasingly making all kinds of deals, including M&As, JVs, and private offerings. Therefore, the role of due diligence (or DD for shortness’ sake) in researching, evaluating and completing those incredibly…

M&A in Serbia

Mergers and Acquisitions (M&A) is commonly known as a set of tasks that are aimed at smoothly merging one company with another or several enterprises into one. Such transactions can be signed for a wide…

The Practice of Concluding Investment Treaties in Singapore

In recent years, Singapore has continued to attract record investments, despite the challenges of the global economic environment. Its extensive network of double tax treaties, a strategic location at the center of all major growing…

A Sector of Prosperity: Singapore Banking

Let’s assume that some 20 years ago you would consider establishing an affiliation of your bank in a foreign country, what country would be your top of mind? Most probably, your top rate wouldn’t include…

When should the US and Canada State Officials use blind trust?

A blind trust around the world is considered a useful tool that is designed to distinguish between government and business. It is quite obvious that it is economic (financial) interests that determine the political behavior…

How ICO Get Structured in the Cayman Islands

Businesses pondering undertaking ICOs are facing 2 important questions:  Which jurisdiction should they pick? How should an ICO be structured? When it comes to answering the 1st question, they should not look long and hard….

Qatar: M&A Legislation

Qatar is a country characterized by a highly developed economy, a stable political system and high standards of living. Therefore, foreign businessmen are often interested in conducting M&A transactions in Qatar. Today we will look…

A Guide to German Crypto License Applications

After several years of ups and downs of cryptocurrencies, one can now speak about the emerging sphere of crypto asset management, although the process of its evolution is still ongoing. For example, recently the German…

Legal Framework Governing Cryptocurrencies in Austria

Unlike conventional currency exchanges, cryptocurrency exchanges are decentralized, which is why governments or banking institutions are unable to exercise control over their transactions or act as intermediaries. Everyone who is somehow involved with cryptocurrencies or…

Islamic Finance in Great Britain

Recent years have seen the UK government pay much attention to islamic finance and everything to do with it. Great Britain was the first jurisdiction to host a self-contained islamic financial establishment in the EU….

Umbrella Fund in the EU – Cyprus Preference

Cyprus has a favourable environment for opening an umbrella fund in the European Union. In order to set up an umbrella fund in Cyprus (RAIF) you don’t need any specialized license. Such funds are supervised…

NRFs in the UK

Setting up a non-retail pooled fund (hereinafter referred to as a NRPF) in the UK is not such an easy task. NRPFs are ordinarily established abroad, i.e. in a country or region having its own…

FDI in the US

Planning on registering a company in the US? This article will provide you with some valuable insights into how investment activities in the US are regulated. The US government tries to maintain a healthy balance…

Peculiarities of franchising in the UK

If you consider registering a company for an international franchise in the UK, namely the Joint Venture Company (JVC), and you think that you can realize it alone, without a local partner, then it might…

Coronavirus and the financial crisis: what company directors need to consider

This article will discuss the main responsibilities and actions of directors whose companies face financial problems in connection with the coronavirus. Given the global situation, many companies decide to cease operations, but some companies, being…

Project Financing – What is It All About?

Seeking to register a project financing company? Read on to find out how!  Project Finance Explained  ‘Project financing’ stands for a highly specific form of lending used under very particular circumstances (e.g. for non-recourse or…

Doing Business in the UAE: M&A Market

Following a series of mergers and takeovers in 2018, the M&A market in the UAE has been in a relative lull ever since. The geopolitical and legislative changes taking place over the past 2 years…

Virtual Arbitration During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Given the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, employers are having increasingly more problems dealing with pending arbitration hearings. Timely settlement of disputes in arbitration, especially those involving payments, is becoming the number one priority for them. However,…

How Virtual Currencies Get Regulated in Switzerland

Switzerland’s Zug is where the Crypto Valley came into being once. It also hosts a large and thriving community of cryptocurrency companies. The city is a genuine mecca for investors seeking to register a cryptocurrency…

HOW CRYPTOBUSINESS IS REGULATED IN MALTA

Malta has been rightfully recognized as one of the pioneering countries in the field of fintech and crypto business both in Europe, and globally. The Malta Financial Services Authority began issuing various advisory documents as…

ONLINE ARBITRATION: HOW DOES IT WORK?

Arbitration has become the most convenient and popular method of resolving international commercial disputes. An arbitration clause is included not only in valuable commercial contracts, but also in small contracts. This is due to the…

COVID-19: VIRTUAL ARBITRATION

Covid-19 has affected all spheres of international business, and if you decide to initiate an arbitration in Europe or any other jurisdiction, you are likely to face certain difficulties. Therefore, you will need to make…

FINTECH AND CRYPTOBUSINESS REGULATION IN THE USA

Finance and technology are those industries that have long been flourishing separately on their own. What can happen if they become connected? Nowadays, we just see the results of the connection. The area has become…

Cryptocurrencies: a New Tool for Investors and Financiers?

Legal Framework for Operations with Cryptoassets in Japan A cryptocurrency has a number of attributes which help the regulators of cryptocassets in Japan conclude whether it falls within a specific country’s jurisdiction. The main ones…

Regulations Governing the Banking Sector in the UAE

Planning on applying for a banking license in the UAE? Considering setting up a bank in the UAE? We strongly recommend that you take a closer look at the statutes and regulations governing the banking…

Setting up a Charity Fund in 2020

Establishing a charity fund or organization requires figuring out which legal structure such an entity will have. To be able to do so, the organization is to come up with a document called ‘directive’ which…

Law

The Continental and Common Law Judicial Systems

Despite the obvious differences in the legal systems of Western European and Eastern European states, they are united by many similar features that allow them to be included in a single European continental legal family…

Legal alert: Digital financial service technologies in Singapore

Striking the eye of financial society, digital currency became a trend in the end of 2017 and caused global regulation transformation to ensure consumers safety and slacken money laundering processes. Despite the decreasing of mentioning…

General principles of English contract law

This article is devoted to the most common issues of contract law, including its historical and legal aspects of formation. English legal system was formed by centuries of case law. The contract as a legally…

Trademark Law revision: New remedies for counterfeiters

China Trademark office held consultations for the adding amendments to the Trademark Law at the start of 2018. National and international experts received three months for submission of the fourth revision. At this time China…

Marking the distinction between Arbitration and Mediation

Arbitration Arbitration is a method of dispute resolution, which involves a neutral arbitrator’s supervision and decision-making along the considering the case. Mostly it’s held in informal conditions and changeable schedule. During the process arbitrators usually…

Arbitration: impactful risk mitigation mechanism for inter-country claims

Clear and well-defined dispute resolution clause considering the key aspects of investments for inter-country deals from the very beginning provides parties an opportunity to receive protection of international investment treaties. Aforementioned makes arbitration a key…

SEC FinTech Forum: Future financial service technologies and guiding juridical principles

The SEC’s Strategic Hub for Innovation and Financial Technology was the one to host the Forum. FinHub ensures the financial service industry a direct engagement with SEC to provide awareness on the cutting-edge financial technologies…

Private Company M&A: Warranties and the Disclosure Process

A case that has recently taken place in the English High Court emphasizes how important disclosure is as well as the challenges that may occur during a fast-tracked sale process. Background Motorplus Limited, which is…

The State of Global Cryptocurrency Regulation in Southeast Asian countries

Regulators in Southeast Asian countries have taken a great interest in the regulation of the cryptocurrency industry. Regulators in Singapore, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and the Philippines have issued guidelines and new regulations in recent months….

Ship and Yacht Registration Services

One of the most important things when registering your yacht or vessel is to choose the right flag of convenience (FOC). Deciding which flag your naval vessel will be registered under depends on many factors,…

Pros and Cons of Institutional and Ad Hoc Arbitration

Being one of the main forms of ADR, arbitration is all about having one’s dispute resolved by an independent arbitrator, and not a traditional judicial body. The parties resolve their differences through arbitration that hands…

Юридическое сопровождение сделок, налоговое планирование, инкорпорация | IQ Decision UK
Law

International Trade Law

The effective practical application of the provisions of international trade law is one of the most important aspects one should consider in trying to establish a successful cross-border business. The globalization of the world economy,…

Law

Real Estate Transactions, Land Dispute Settlement

Why do you need to buy real estate abroad? Well, you can buy real property for yourself and reside in a livable country in your own house or apartment, or you can use your real…

Investment Management Services

Investment protection is the first and most important rule of the investment business. The question is how to protect your investment? Investment activity is a complex and multifaceted process with its own “pitfalls”. The support…

Corporate Services

The transparency of the modern world gives you the opportunity to put your ideas into practice nearly anywhere in the world. But behind the seeming simplicity, there are also some difficulties with translating into reality…