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Law

Ireland: Trade Secrets Protection

Undoubtedly, the key to success in almost any business is the orderliness of the processes of collecting, processing, using and storing information. All these facilitate proper protection of trade secrets which often constitute main assets…

Law

Great Britain: Termination of Agreements

Terminating commercial contracts in Great Britain is possible under certain circumstances. Entering into a contract in Great Britain provides both parties with a right to terminate a contract, provided a serious violation is committed by…

ROFR vs ROFO

Acquiring a company is a very important decision for those wishing to conduct business abroad. It requires taking into account multiple factors, such as local legislation, permits, visas and many others. To help you overcome…

Law

New EU Rules on Foreign Direct Investment

The European Union has formally approved new measures to allow Member States to conduct FDI expertise in the EU to ensure security and public order.  The European Union's single market has been recognized for the…

Legal Issues Related To Domain Names

Having a problem protecting your domain name? First, let's understand what a domain is. Domain names are the equivalent of a physical address on the Internet, with which you can find a site on the…

Germany: Legal Status of Cryptocurrencies

At the outset, tokens came closest to everybody’s idea of virtual currency. Meant to be a decentralized currency, i.e. one that governments can’t control, they required no centralized issuer. Because they aren’t regulated by any…

Malta: VFA Regulation

This short review focuses on the letter published by the MFSA, Malta’s number one financial regulator, a couple of months ago. In it, it explains the main provisions of the VFA Law & sets forth…

LEGAL UPDATE OF MACAU FINANCIAL SERVICES

Macao's financial and legal sector is undergoing a long and difficult phase of legislative change, as a result of which two laws have already been adopted and two more are under development. It is expected…

Law

Singapore: Regulation of Corporate Governance

Registering a company in Singapore requires having indepth knowledge of the local corporate governance laws. The corporate governance regime in Singapore focuses mainly on companies listed on the SGX-ST & consists of laws, regulations &…

Investment Funds in Japan

In Japan, investment funds, their management activities, as well as marketing of fund shares, are totally under supervision of the Japanese financial regulator. If you intend to obtain a financial license in Japan, this is…

Portugal: Alternative Investment Funds

Establishing AIFs in Portugal & all activities related to their management are governed by the relevant European regulations and: UCI;  UCITS; AIFMD; CMVM;  Portugal Securities Code. Entrepreneurs planning on establishing investment funds in the Portuguese…

The Caymans: New in Fund Management

If your immediate plans are to establish a licensed fund in the Cayman Islands, register a managed fund in the Cayman Islands, or create a limited investor fund in the Cayman Islands, this blog post…

Law

Termination of a Contract on Common Law Grounds

Normally, an agreement concluded within the framework of common law is terminated if the obligations provided for by such an agreement are considered fulfilled. However, under some circumstances, the contract may be terminated even before…

Law

Great Britain: Sport Legal Relations

Brand Protection When it comes to protecting brand identity, registering TMs in Great Britain takes on particular importance. Therefore, sporting organizations can obtain copyright protection in Great Britain for literary works, movies, blogs, articles, etc. …

Law

Great Britain: Regulation of Sports

The British government is committed to non-interference in sports; therefore, there’s no specific laws regulating sports in Great Britain. The only exception is made for cases requiring the upholding of public interest (e.g. the FS…

UK & Its Draft EU Free Trade Agreement

In its recently published draft EU free trade agreement, the British government has purposefully omitted geographical indications (GIs). What this means is that GIs will continue to remain a contentious issue during all upcoming negotiations…

Law

The advantages of mediating international business disputes

Nowadays the international business society is experiencing a “settlement explosion”. This is because of the  growing rate of international transactions. The number of factors confronting parties to international business relations is quite significant and may…

Luxembourg and Hong Kong to Recognise Funds

If an entrepreneur wants to establish an investment fund in Luxembourg or Hong Kong, he will be delighted to know that at the beginning of last year, the regulators of these jurisdictions shook hands and…

Which Сountry is Best to Settle an International Dispute

Nowadays, more and more conflicting parties choose countries outside their place of residence to resolve the dispute. It has never been easier for the parties to resolve the dispute using alternative methods or in an…

Fintech in Indonesia: Developing Slowly But Steadily

In general, the fintech industry in Indonesia is showing a positive trend. There is a progressive implementation of innovative technologies in the field of finance and the volume of operations is growing slowly but steadily….

E-Commerce Law

E-commerce law is an ever-evolving area that plays an important role in the business world. The development of the Internet has opened up new opportunities for the creation of trading & marketing channels, which, in…

New Securities Market Regulation in Malta

Recently, Malta has entered into force new rules for regulating the securities market in order to make it even more transparent. The updated rules regulate transactions related to the transformation of liquidity and maturity, as…

Trademarks Registration and Protection in The Benelux

To begin with, the three countries which are parts of the Benelux – Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg – have concluded an agreement on the unification of their national trademark laws signed at the beginning…

Franchising in Great Britain

Franchising  is an arrangement between two or more parties whereby the franchisor grants the franchisee a right to use their trademarks, production processes & business systems to come up with a product or service which…

Franchise Agreements in the UK – Key Features

The franchise networks establishing and promotion can be noted on almost the entire European continent. Due to its reliability, franchising continues to be one of the most popular forms of doing business and is actively…

Law

What Is Alternative Investment Fund?

The main business task of an investment fund is to effectively invest money to achieve a specific commercial goal. An alternative investment fund has a number of regulatory, organizational and tax advantages. Registration of an…

Law

Consideration in Treaties Under English Law

In our previous article on the main components of a legally binding common law contract, we looked at three out of four elements: Offer; Acceptance; Intention to create a legal relationship. In this article, we…

What is the Technology Act?

In their day-to-day operation, technology companies often encounter multiple problems. Modern technology is constantly evolving and these changes can lead to all kinds of misuses, including misuse of IP rights. The Technology Act is there…

Law

Obtaining a Freight Forwarding License in Germany – How Shipping & Forwarding Works in the EU

The shipping & forwarding industry in the EU is booming which is why quite a few entrepreneurs are considering opening a freight forwarding business in this jurisdiction. However, starting a shipping & forwarding company requires…

Third Party Liability Under Contract in the English Law

Hundreds of years of judicial practice have made the English legal system the most attractive for the business environment. The English system, as you know, is very old, and it is based on a combination…

IQ Decision Expertise: What is a Life Trust?

In this educational article, we will look at a type of agreement called the Life Trust, also known as a revocable trust. This is a document where its founder acts as a trustee, granting the…

Law

DDG for Global Transactions

Businesses around the world are increasingly making all kinds of deals, including M&As, JVs, and private offerings. Therefore, the role of due diligence (or DD for shortness’ sake) in researching, evaluating and completing those incredibly…

Coronavirus and the financial crisis: what company directors need to consider

This article will discuss the main responsibilities and actions of directors whose companies face financial problems in connection with the coronavirus. Given the global situation, many companies decide to cease operations, but some companies, being…

Law

The Continental and Common Law Judicial Systems

THE CONTINENTAL AND COMMON LAW Common law is a collective name for legal systems that are primarily based on judicial precedents. What this means is that common law courts will look for previous precedential judgements…

General principles of English contract law

This article is devoted to the most common issues of contract law, including its historical and legal aspects of formation. English legal system was formed by centuries of case law. The contract as a legally…

Pros and Cons of Institutional and Ad Hoc Arbitration

Being one of the main forms of ADR, arbitration is all about having one’s dispute resolved by an independent arbitrator, and not a traditional judicial body. The parties resolve their differences through arbitration that hands…

Law

International Trade Law

The effective practical application of the provisions of international trade law is one of the most important aspects one should consider in trying to establish a successful cross-border business. The globalization of the world economy,…

Law

Real Estate Transactions, Land Dispute Settlement

Why do you need to buy real estate abroad? Well, you can buy real property for yourself and reside in a livable country in your own house or apartment, or you can use your real…

Law

MAS: Tackling Cyber Security Challenges in Fin Sector

The Cyber Security Advisory Panel (CSAP)1 of the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) provided insights and suggestions on how Singapore’s financial sector can harness the benefits of new technologies while remaining cyber resilient. At its second…