fbpx
close

Business and Finance

Canada: FDI

Acquiring a Canadian company that will be controlled from outside Canada requires  obtaining approval. To obtain approval, foreign investors must convince the relevant authorities that the deal represents a “net benefit” to Canada. If the…

Australia: M&A

Acquiring companies or assets in the Commonwealth of Australia is normally referred to as unregulated M&A transactions. What this means is that deals like these aren't regulated by the listing rules of stock exchanges; nor…

Managing Contractual Obligations During the Pandemic

The global COVID-19 outbreak has rocked the financial sector and questioned how to do business. However, our team believes that the long-term prospects for funding the funds remain promising. Special attention to contracts should be…

The UK: Supporting Businesses During The Coronavirus Period

As the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic is still ongoing, business owners are forced to urgently seek solutions in emergency situations. Develop and implement action plans to protect their employees, build relationships with counterparties, ensure…

Indonesia: FDI

Providing all the licensing requirements are met, a foreign company can be granted a license of one of the following types: IKO, IU & NIB. Licenses issued via the OSS can be revoked if a…

Canada: M&A

Selling a business in Canada is usually done through the sale of assets or stakes. Please note that selling shares of a Canadian company is a far preferable option due to the lower income tax…

Project Financing Agreements

Project financing (PF) is often used to finance large infrastructure projects. It often becomes the only possible way to attract funding due to the high risks of the project and the large volumes of required…

Indonesia: Foreign Investment Funds

In this blog post, we will analyze the investment climate and the situation with FDI in Indonesia and provide some hints on how to establish a foreign investment fund in Indonesia, what laws regulate their…

Vietnam: M&A Deals

The main body overseeing M&A deals in the Socialist Republic of Vietnam in the NCC; it’s also responsible for imposing fines & remedies. The main piece of legislation governing M&A transactions in Vietnam is the…

Buying a Spanish Company: a Short Review

Purchasing a company or its stakes in the Kingdom of Spain is a process which can involve multiple participants from different countries. Unlike acquiring a company, purchasing a business via selling assets in the Kingdom…

COVID-19: M&A Transactions in the US and Europe

The COVID-19 outbreak serves as an additional test of the resilience of businesses. The pandemic has had a significant impact on M&A activity globally.  Economic uncertainty exposes and exacerbates financial vulnerabilities. If the economic contraction…

UAE: Foreign Investment

An M&A transaction in the UAE requires submitting a corresponding request to the relevant ministry. This applies to transactions that: lead to acquiring (directly or indirectly; wholly or partially) stakes, assets, or liabilities of other…

Coronavirus: Mergers and Acquisitions

The COVID-19 pandemic and the countermeasures put in place by governments around the world are having a huge impact on businesses. Due to the threat of the spread of the coronavirus, states are closing borders…

Japan: Regulation of Private Capital

Japan is a country with one of the most developed economies in the world, one of the largest global investors, but, despite this, it attracts quite a bit of foreign investment. The reasons for this…

The Cayman Islands: Amended PFA

Passed in February 2020, the PFA requires that all closed-end funds be registered with the CIMA by August 7th (same year). There were further amendments in July whereby: the definition of private funds was broadened;…

Malta: Crowdfunding

Normally, it takes three elements for crowdfunding in Malta to take place. They include: an individual who comes up with an idea; an individual willing to fund an idea; a platform used for implementing an…

Cayman Islands: Updated Funds Regulation

Earlier this year, the Cayman Islands authorities implemented an amendment to the Private Foundations Act. Its action is aimed at increasing the number and categories of closed investment instruments required for registration with CIMA, which…

Joint Ventures in Japan

You can register a Japanese JV as a general partnership, JSC, LLC or LLP. Of the four, a JSC is the most popular form. Normally, JSCs are run by BoD members whose shares aren’t freely…

Thailand: Foreign Investment Activities

The main piece of legislation regulating foreign investment in the Kingdom of Thailand is the FBA. However, certain provisions of the law are only applicable to Thai citizens; hence, foreig investors looking to do business…

Myanmar: PEF

Under certain circumstances, registration of a PEF in the Republic of Myanmar may be subject to tax exemption. So, let’s take a closer look at what it takes to register a PEF in Myanmar. Those…

SAR: Opening a JV

Normally, opening a JV in the South African Republic takes the form of a registered company (private or public). It’s also possible to register unincorporated partnerships in the South African Republic but it entails some…

Investment Funds in Ireland. Part 2

Setting up an investment business in Ireland requires an understanding of many legal nuances. In the first part of the material on retail investment funds, we figured out the legal forms of funds. In this…

Ireland: Investment Funds. Part 1

Ireland is ranked 1st EU Member State in doing business and compliance with EU laws and regulations. Due to its favorable tax regime, it is now one of the most desirable jurisdictions among entrepreneurs wishing…

Germany: Regulation of Mergers and Acquisitions

If you intend to start a business in the EU, acquire assets or a company in one of the member countries, we recommend that you read the current information in today's blog post, which discusses…

Portugal: Regulation of Financial Services

Those planning to establish a financial company in Portugal should keep in mind that they’ll be required to put in place internal control systems which: are applicable to all subsidiaries of a financial entity; depend…

Croatia: PEF

PEFs in Croatia can be established as OIFRCs or ZIFRCs. Due to the lower taxes, all Croatian PEFs are formed as OIFRCs. If you’re planning to establish an OIFRC in the Republic of Croatia, it…

How to Register an Investment Fund in Cyprus?

Cyprus, as one of the world business centers of the European Union, attracts the attention of entrepreneurs from all over the world, thanks to its loyal taxation, a carefully designed legislative system and a simplified…

Business Regulation in the UAE

Today we’ll take a look at how commercial activities in Dubai are regulated. If you are interested in registering a company in the UAE, you can find the information in this blog post useful for…

Nigeria: Crowdfunding

As per the SEC-proposed crowdfunding rules, SMEs operating in Nigeria for no less than 24 months (and registered in the country) are allowed to attract funds via Nigerian crowdfunding portals approved by the SEC. To…

Luxembourg: AIF Regulation

An increase in registration of investment funds in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is mainly attributable to the constant refinement of the country’s respective legislation. Recent years have also seen an explosive growth of fund-financing…

Israel: Private Banking

Normally, ‘private banking’ refers to financial services provided to high-income individuals. All major Israeli banks have private banking departments. Some of them require their clients to have a minimum amount (from five hundred to one…

Greece: Regulation of M&A Deals

M&A deals in Greece are normally structured as business transfers or transactions with shares/assets. Unlike transactions with shares; business transfers entail joint responsibility of acquirers/sellers with regard to commitments undertaken prior to concluding an M&A…

China: FDI Regulation

The main piece of legislation regulating foreign investment in China is FIL 2020. It applies to: registration of enterprises with FDI in China; acquisition of shares of Chinese companies; investing in new projects in China;…

Hungary: Bank Regulation

Regulation of banks in Hungary envisages: state control; ensuring monetary & fiscal stability; compliance with requirements for risk & capital management; deposit insurance; ensuring protection of banking secrets & consumer rights. Those seeking to set…

Country of Directors: How to Establish a Firm in Liechtenstein

The Principality of Liechtenstein is located in Central Europe, between Austria and Switzerland. The country is not part of the EU, but is included in the EEA and participates in the Schengen Agreement. The jurisdiction…

India: M&A Regulation

M&A transactions in India are regulated by: TM Law; Patent Law; IT Law; Copyright Law; Industrial Designs Act; Payment & Settlement Systems Law. India: DD of M&A Deals DD of Indian companies is meant to:…

Canada: Regulation of Financial Institutions

Pursuant to Canadian legislation, financial institutions are required to put in place policies that are best suited to their activities. In its turn, the OSFI, the country’s number one financial regulator, ensures effective regulation of…

Indonesia: JV

There’s no specific legislation recognizing or governing the establishment of JVs in the Republic of Indonesia. That said, it’s permissible for unincorporated JVs to function in some industries, such as gas, oil & construction ones….

M&A in India

To conclude an M&A deal in the Republic of India, parties must seek the NCLT’s endorsement. Purchasing shares is the easiest & most economical way of acquiring a company in the Republic of India. Buying…

Switzerland: PEF

The two popular ways of registering a company in Switzerland include SICAFs & Swiss LPs. The three main pieces of legislation governing SICAFs & Swiss LPs include FINMA-CISO, CISA & CISO. After the adoption of…

Selling a Target Business

Goals & Planning Goals may range from deal to deal, but for simplicity’s sake they’re divided into personal & tax-related ones. Fulfilling personal goals involves freeing up capital so you can concentrate on gaining expected…

Germany: Fund Management

The set up of an investment fund in Germany or another EU member state is the creation of a full-fledged organization. It will be a legal entity with all the necessary permits for financial and…

Switzerland: Funds Regulation Specifics

In this blog post, we will briefly review the main features of the management of Swiss funds registered in the country. We will also touch on the topic of managing foreign funds that can obtain…

South Africa: Banking Regulation

The basis for banking regulation in the SAR is the "Safer Financial Sector to Better Serve South Africa" document issued by the National Treasury. SARB, one of the country’s main financial regulators, is responsible for…

Panama: Crowdfunding Platforms

Registering securities for crowdfunding is no longer required in Panama; hence, individuals wishing to register a crowdfunding company in Panama & issue securities in Panama will only need to meet the below criteria: get a…

The Virgin Islands: Managing Funds

As per BVI legislation, the following kinds of funds may be established: confirmed; public; private; professional; incubator. To register a fund in the BVI, investors are required to submit an application to the FSC. Obtaining…

Australia: Opening a Business

Starting a business in Australia requires having an in-depth understanding of the relevant regulatory framework. Australian companies, particularly ASX-listed ones, must ensure compliance with numerous regulations & requirements So, let’s take a look at what…

Germany: Establishing a RIF

The main piece of legislation regulating the setting up & managing of RIFs in the state of Germany is KAGB. There’s several other regulations & standards supplementing KAGB (mostly those are good conduct rules issued…

Luxembourg: Opening a Company

Apart from LLCs, partnerships & other legal forms of business, entrepreneurs seeking to open a business in Luxembourg can also create LLPs that have no legal personality. Under the recently adopted legislation, registering a European…

Ireland: M&A 2020

In 2020, despite the problems associated with the coronavirus pandemic, activity in the field of mergers and acquisitions in Ireland continues. Ireland is often associated with such a concept as "offshore jurisdiction", which is erroneous….

Serbia: M&A

Acquiring a Serbian company is possible through purchasing its assets or stakes. So, let’s take a closer look how M&A deals in Serbia are regulated, as well as what documentation is required for closing an…

Cyprus: Funds

Thanks to a completely updated legal & regulatory framework, registering an AIF in Cyprus is now a pretty straightforward process, requiring entrepreneurs to apply minimum efforts. Further development of funds is being supported by the…

Intellectual Property: DD

A careful assessment of an enterprise's IP assets is an important part of a strategy aimed at attracting investors. Conversely, not knowing what to look out for in relation to IP has the potential of…

JV Set Up in Turkey

Over the past decade, Turkey has entered the world’s Top 20 largest economies thanks to creating favorable conditions for partnerships between local and overseas companies. Typically, these partnerships have been formed in Turkish JV registration…

M&A Regulation in the PRC

As Chinese companies restructure and competition intensifies, more and more firms are looking at buying and selling private companies in China as a means of financing their business development. Also in recent years, another trend…

M&A in the Sector of Money Transfers

Nowadays, registering an e-business is becoming increasingly popular. Digital technologies have filled the world space, and we will not be mistaken if we call our society digital. And the COVID-19 pandemic, which suddenly burst into…

Germany: Franchising

The past ten years have seen the number of people wishing to open a franchise business in Germany triple. That’s mainly attributable to the lack of specific legal provisions governing the conclusion of franchise agreements…

Luxembourg: Establishing Funds

Entrepreneurs considering registering companies or funds in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg have several options, such as: SICARS; SOPARFIs; RAIFs; SIFs. Pursuant to a circular published by CSSF, registering specialized investment funds in the Grand…

Singapore: Financial Risk Management

If you are planning to establish a financial services company in Singapore, then it is worth considering that the standards for conducting this kind of activity are at the highest level here. Particular attention is…

Updated EU Regulations for Investment Companies

At the beginning of last year, the EU Council approved proposals regarding the updates in regulation on investment companies registered on the territory of the European Union. The new regime will tighten requirements for investment…

Privately Purchasing Company Shares

This blog post will be useful to businessmen interested in the private acquisition of company shares. Buying shares in a company implies a preliminary agreement between the buyer and the seller of the shares, with…

Austria: M&A Deals

The Australian M&A market has been growing steadily over the past few years. There has also been an increase in the number of M&A deals in the technology & construction sectors.  Just like in other…

ROFR vs ROFO

Acquiring a company is a very important decision for those wishing to conduct business abroad. It requires taking into account multiple factors, such as local legislation, permits, visas and many others. To help you overcome…

Cayman Islands: PFL

Pursuant to the recent amendments to the PFL, a law regulating the registration of closed-ended funds in the Cayman Islands, a new definition of ‘private funds’ has been introduced. The main emphasis in the law…

TLT: Review of Changes

Adopted back in 1994, the TLT was only revised once – in 2006. So, let’s see why a revision was necessary, what new features were introduced & how they affected the procedure for registering a…

M&A in Luxembourg

Buying & selling companies in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is done by signing an SPA between sellers & buyers. Conducting a typical M&A deal in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg also involves holding an…

Japan: M&A Deals

Buying a company in Japan involves selling & purchasing its business by concluding a deal between sellers & buyers. Acquiring companies’ shares in Japan is a transaction in which only a portion of a company’s…

US Startup Support Strategy

It is believed that the United States lags behind in support of digital and other startups. John Chambers, the former CEO of Cisco, spoke very colorfully about this at the Forbes summit not long ago….

How the Pandemic Affects Business in China

Due to the ongoing coronavirus outbreak, international and Chinese companies are facing a huge difficulties, and many of our clients are asking how they can protect themselves in mergers and acquisitions in China that are…

US: DD of M&A Transactions

Often carried out before signing M&A deals, due diligence is a procedure that is meant to verify the object of the agreement. Concluding an M&A deal in the US requires taking a responsible approach to…

How to Avoid the Risks Associated with Cryptocurrencies

If you have plans to obtain a cryptolicense in the EU or set up a company for cryptoactivities in the EU Member State in the near future, then this blog post may be of interest…

Financing Startups in Northern Ireland

Starting a business in Great Britain, and more specifically, launching a startup in Northern Ireland, requires having a financial cushion. Nowadays, we’re witnessing a new trend whereby greater emphasis is being placed on cooperation in…

Ireland: New AML Regulations

Considering setting up a trust fund in Ireland? If you're, then you should definitely pay close attention to the recent changes in AML rules. Pursuant to the new rules, trustees must retrieve & maintain accurate…

Funds & Their Management in Hong Kong

Managing funds in the HK SAR is the exclusive prerogative of the SFO, HK’s main piece of legislation governing futures markets & securities. The said act provides the SFC, HK’s number one financial regulator, with…

THE UMBRELLA FUND EXPLAINED

The power of numbers is often referred to as investing, and investment funds (IF) are seen as a tool for accumulating and increasing capital. This is why an increasing number of people are looking to…

How Can a Business Survive Amidst the Coronavirus Pandemic?

Is the coronavirus pandemic making your company experience financial problems? Are having a hard time concluding deals in the EU & US? Well, you’re not alone. There’s hardly a business in the world that hasn’t…

China: Foreign Investment Regime

Investing in a business in the PRC requires an indepth understanding of the country’s FDI regime, as well as legislation regulating foreign investment in the PRC. Starting a business in China also involves staying updated…

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS CONSULTING

When choosing where to register a company – in the US, Europe, Asia, Australia – entrepreneurs are interested, firstly, in the international relations of the jurisdiction, and secondly – the regulatory framework.  IQ Decision UK…

Fintech in Great Britain: What to Expect in the Future

Have you ever wondered when was the last time you visited a bank where you open a bank account in Great Britain or wrote out a check?” If you have, you probably had a hard…

MFSA’s Vision 2021: How It’s Going to Help Malta

The firm commitmhttps://text.ru/antiplagiat/5f50935f7c8d0ent of the MFSA to strengthen Malta's position as an international center of excellence in financial services is embodied in the Vision 2021 strategy. Launched quite recently, the strategy is meant to stimulate…

Vietnam: Projects with Foreign Investment

If you intend to start a business in Vietnam, do not discount the peculiarities of the checking procedure for foreign investment which is often carried out by local authorities. Ignoring these features is fraught with…

Ireland: How Funds are Established and Administered

The Central Bank of Ireland is the key regulator responsible for the authorization of all types of funds in the jurisdiction. This refers to the registration of businesses under UCITS in Ireland and the establishment…

Funds in Japan

Those interested in establishing funds in the state of Japan should keep in mind that such entities are normally structured as mutual trusts. Structuring funds as partnerships tends to attract fewer investors; however, it provides…

Ireland: Acquisitions in the Financial Sector

Acquisitions in Ireland’s financial sector are governed by EU regulations, and more specifically, Directive 2007/44/EC. Its main objectives are: to increase the transparency of Irelands’ financial services sector; to assist local regulatory authorities in their…

Investment Funds in Japan

In Japan, investment funds, their management activities, as well as marketing of fund shares, are totally under supervision of the Japanese financial regulator. If you intend to obtain a financial license in Japan, this is…

Supervision of Investments To Tighten In Western Europe

Planning to start investing in Western Europe in the near future? It is important to consider the fact that the coronavirus outbreak has opened up more opportunities to scrutinize foreign investments and block them for…

Portugal: Alternative Investment Funds

Establishing AIFs in Portugal & all activities related to their management are governed by the relevant European regulations and: UCI;  UCITS; AIFMD; CMVM;  Portugal Securities Code. Entrepreneurs planning on establishing investment funds in the Portuguese…

EU Directives for the Belgian Banking Sector

The Belgian authorities have been actively implementing and continue to implement European Directives and legislation to further develop the  country’s financial sector. Most notable for the Belgian banking industry was the release by the National…

Singapore: Acquisition of Banks

If your immediate plans include starting a financial activity in Asia, and you have chosen Singapore for this, you should take into account some features of the jurisdiction's legislation. This publication describes the main aspects…

Great Britain: FCA’s Interim Guide

Early this year, the FCA has forwarded a letter highlighting several cases of non-compliance with PSR & EMR acts to authorized e-money organizations & payment institutions. Attached to the letter was an additional interim guide…

New in FDI Regulation in China

The rise of the Chinese economy over the past decades is striking in its scale, and turns the PRC into a real engine of the global economy. Foreign direct investment in China is the key…

Ireland’s Financial Sector During the Pandemic

If you are interested in registering a banking institution in Ireland or obtaining an Irish license of a financial service provider, you should first study the macroeconomic impact of coronavirus outbreak on the functioning of…

The Caymans: New in Fund Management

If your immediate plans are to establish a licensed fund in the Cayman Islands, register a managed fund in the Cayman Islands, or create a limited investor fund in the Cayman Islands, this blog post…

Banking in Barbados

Registration of a commercial bank in Barbados is a profitable solution for business, especially for companies that are in conditions of active competition, or at a critical stage of development – creating a new product,…

Austria: private equity funds

Overseeing the setting up & managing of PEFs in the Republic of Austria is an exclusive prerogative of the FMA, Austria’s number one financial regulator. Setting up & running a PEF in the Republic of…

Myanmar: Foreign Currency Regulation

Operations involving foreign currency exchange in Myanmar are regulated as per FEML &  FEMR. The idea behind is to facilitate management of foreign currency operations through extensive international cooperation.  Services Involving Foreign Currency Exchange Under…

The UK to Tighten Control Over Foreign Investments

It has recently been reported in the media that the United Kingdom intends to take stronger measures to control foreign investment. This intention includes, inter alia, the possibility for the authorities to intervene in mergers…

Thailand: Regulation of Real Estate Investment Funds

Recent years have seen an emerging trend whereby increasingly more investors are showing an interest in establishing real estate investment funds in Thailand. If you’re one of them & considering setting up one of your…

Australia: PEF Regulation

Overseeing operation of PEFs in Australia is the sole responsibility of ASIC (the country’s main financial regulator). PEF managers holding an AFSL license are required to submit audited financial statements to ASIC & comply with…

New Zealand: Foreign Investment Regulation

Having high living standards, a developed economy and a stable banking system, New Zealand is a magnet for potential investors seeking to start a business in this country. So, let’s take a closer look at…

Singapore: E-commerce Standards Updated

In this blog post, we will look at the nuances of a recent regulatory update that deals with e-commerce transactions in Singapore. The material will be relevant for businessmen planning to register a company in…

Cyprus: International Trusts

Establishing international trusts in the Republic of Cyprus has a number of advantages to it. So, let’s see what requirements potential investors will have to comply with to set up such an entity in this…

Creating Trusts in the Republic of Cyprus

Kinds of Trusts Considering setting up a trust in the Republic of Cyprus? If you are, then you should know that there’s two primary kinds of trusts in this country – international & domestic ones….

Great Britain: Foreign Investment

Investment activities in Great Britain & procedure for foreign investment verification have their own specifics and, therefore, require in-depth understanding of relevant legislation. If you're planning on starting a business in Great Britain & looking…

Japan: Amendments to the Money Transfer Act

Given the explosive growth of e-commerce marketplaces & relaxed regulatory requirements for business registration in Japan, cross-border payments are becoming increasingly commonplace in the country. Since wire transfers through banking networks are often too expensive,…

Monaco: Confidentiality in Private Banking

This blog post focuses on privacy and banking secrecy in the financial sector of Monaco. The material will be relevant for those who intend to obtain a financial license in Monaco or enter the financial…

Sweden: Foreign Banking

In this blog post, we will analyze the regulation of the banking sector in Sweden from the perspective of foreign shareholders of financial companies. Sweden is home to large banking groups operating across Europe. Stockholm…

Updated Requirements for Financial Services in Australia

Australia has seen active regulatory changes lately affecting all financial institutions operating in the country. This blog post focuses on the key financial regulation updates in Australia that should be considered by those deciding to…

Jersey Private Funds

A special fund regulation regime implemented by the JFSC has been in place in Jersey for more than three years now. If you’re interested in setting up a JPF in Jersey, you should keep in…

UAE: Establishment of Funds

The UAE is known for having some the most favorable conditions for doing business in the entire Middle East region. However, entrepreneurs wishing to embark on financial activities in Dubai should have a sound grasp…

Ecuador: M&A Legislation

All those planning on concluding an M&A deal in Ecuador should keep in mind the recently introduced procedure which significantly speeds up the M&A process. Let’s have a closer look at the key aspects of…

Banking in the PRC: M&A Deals

Those interested in registering a banking institution in the PRC or obtaining a banking license in China should keep in mind that under Chinese legislation, principal shareholders are defined as individuals owning a five per…

Malaysia: Regulation of Islamic Finance

Starting a business in Malaysia & carrying out Sharia-based financial activities there requires an in-depth knowledge of this jurisdiction’s legislation. So, let's have a closer look at the regulation of Islamic finance in Malaysia, paying…

Austria: Acquisition of Banks

The Austrian Republic is known for its developed financial sector. In addition, the country actively attracts foreign investments, which is also the reason why businessmen from all over the world decide to start financial activities…

South Korea: Overview of PEF Market

Ever since the regulatory framework for PEFs in the ROK was put in place, their number has been steadily growing. In an attempt to streamline registration & investment requirements for setting up PEFs in South…

US Private Banking to Combat Money Laundering

This blog post examines the requirements for business transparency and the fight against money laundering in the context of private banking regulation in the United States. As the EU countries, the United States has taken…

South Korea: Private Equity Funds

Using private capital for investment purposes in South Korea falls under the category of “financial investment business”. As regards regulatory framework, PEFs in South Korea are regulated by the FSCMA. Their overwhelming majority is used…

UK Private Equity Fund Regulation

Britain's departure from the EU as a fundamental change is going to be painful, many experts say. However, the United Kingdom has been and remains the largest European centre for investment management. It is one…

UK Private Equity Funds Commitments

The UK's post-Brexit success depends, among other things, on the ability to attract foreign investors to the private sector. The establishment of the UK  private equity fund contributes to the development of the investment market,…

Great Britain: Private Banking & AML

Great Britain is known for its rigorous implementation of AML policies. Undertaking financial activities in the UK requires an indepth knowledge of the country’s numerous AML requirements, including regulations, laws & procedures. And that particularly…

Private Equity Deals in Spain

Spanish private capital investment reached a record high of EUR 8.5 billion in the last financial year. International funds continue to show great interest in Spain which is a country of great growth potential. If…

Private Equity Variety in Spain

Foreign entrepreneurs willing to invest in the Spanish equity capital market can use a wide range of investment vehicles. Business in Spain attracts development finance through stocks and bonds. Investors get the opportunity to profitably…

Monaco: Types of Private Banking Contracts

Considered Europe’s major business hub, Monaco traditionally attracts hosts of entrepreneurs wishing to render financial services in the EU. There’s a good chance that you’re one of them and are now contemplating registering a banking…

Turkey: Open Banking

Planning on undertaking financial activities in Turkey? If you are, then you definitely need to know about open banking in Turkey and how it is used by Turkey-registered companies. Interested? Then let’s dive right into…

Liechtenstein: Private Banking & AML

Those planning on carrying out financial activities in Liechtenstein should pay particular attention to ensuring their business’ transparency & compliance with AML rules. This article describes the key AML requirements private banks & asset managers…

New Trends in Luxembourg Fund Regulation

At the end of last year, Luxembourg passed a new law establishing the Register of Beneficial Owners (Registre des Bénéficiaires Effectifs, or RBE), which requires all firms registered in the Luxembourg company register, including investment…

An Impeccable Reputation: Foreign Investment in the UK

Many entrepreneurs looking to expand their business overseas see the UK as an ideal jurisdiction. There are a huge number of reasons for this, but the main ones are considered to be ease, impeccable compliance…

Guernsey: Fund Regulation in Brief

For quite a long time, the island of Guernsey was a British colony, and to this day the country is the possession of the British crown. In 1973, when the UK joined the EU, the…

Monaco: Private Banking and AML

In recent years, many governments have spoken out in support of business transparency and have introduced anti-money laundering (AML) and financial crime prevention legislation. Banks and other financial institutions that issue credit or allow customers…

France to Take AML Compliance Seriously

The European Commission made the implementation of the AML directives a priority. The EU member-states are now to enact tighter rules to counter dirty-money risks in all areas, including prepaid cards and cryptocurrency exchanges. However,…

UK: Unauthorized Payment Fraud Prevention

Listed financial companies in the UK detected and prevented GBP 1.8 billion in fraudulent transactions last year. However, now, during the coronavirus outbreak, there is a trend towards an increase in cases of payment fraud,…

Israeli Private Equity Funds Overview

As in many other countries, private equity funds in Israel are set up in the form of limited partnerships. A limited liability partnership in Israel is a separate legal entity where limited partners do not…

Austria: Regulation of Private Investment

This article examines the main issues related to the regulation of private investment in Austria. The country conducts the entire spectrum of private equity transactions, from seed capital to buybacks. There is also an increase…

Sharia Banking in the USA

In the last 5 years, we’ve seen more Islamic banks in the U.S. offering a wide range of financial services and having developed techniques to provide financing while staying sufficiently true to Sharia principles. Their…

Brazil: PEF Regulation

Having a sufficiently developed economy, Brazil has long been a magnet for foreign investors. So, let’s have a look at the key legal requirements potential investors will have to meet to open a business in…

Preparing a Business for Sale

You have been working hard to make your business a success, haven’t you? But what should you do to maximize its value? In fact, selling a business requires one to comply with some basic requirements,…

Fund Types in Germany

Recently, Germany’s government has released a statement saying that the investment market in the country is developing at a staggering pace. Pursuant to the report published by the Federal Statistics Office, the amount of foreign…

Post-Crisis Banking Regulation in Lebanon

Lebanon's once steadily growing banking system faced a crisis late last year. The problems that began in the macroeconomic sphere were gradually transferred to the country's banking sector.  In this article, we offer a brief…

FinSA & FinIA: Major Changes in Swiss Regulatory Landscape

This year saw Swiss lawmakers pass two important pieces of legislation – FinSA & FinIA. Meant to make financial intermediaries’ services more competitive & boost protection of customers, the laws also put in place rules…

US Financial Regulator Eases Requirements Due to COVID-19

The pandemic is a serious test for businesses, but it will pass, leaving behind an understanding of methods, approaches, and solutions to cope with problems in crisis and post-crisis situations.  Understanding this, the US Financial…

New Regulatory Changes in the Cayman Islands

All those contemplating registering an investment foundation in the Cayman Islands should keep in mind the recent changes in the country’s regulatory regime. Related primarily to the setting up of investment foundations in the Cayman…

New Bank Supervision Mechanism in Ireland

In this post, we offer a brief overview of the mechanisms that govern the Irish banking sector. This topic is relevant for those who wish to obtain a financial license in Ireland. Key regulators Ireland's…

Financing & Verifying M&A Transactions During the Coronavirus Pandemic

The coronavirus pandemic is undoubtedly creating major difficulties for concluding M&A deals worldwide. So, let’s have a closer look at the factors capable of adversely affecting the conclusion of M&A transactions during the ongoing pandemic…

Distinctive Features of Australia’s Merger Control

The Australian merger control is aimed to prevent competition problems in the Australian market. Merger control here is voluntary for companies. However,  the level to which this procedure is voluntary in practice, we will consider…

How COVID-19 Globally Affects M&A Deals

COVID-19 continues to devastate the world economy. Now, in particular, there is a significant drop in activity in international mergers and acquisitions. However, unlike the global financial crisis, the situation affects almost all areas of…

Regulating Islamic Finance in Japan

Important Points to Consider Having a miniscule Muslim population and, correspondingly, insufficient customer base, Japan currently has no Islamic financial establishments. Hence, traditional financial products & establishments still remain prevalent. However, the recent changes to…

M&A Deals in Belgium

M&A transactions in Belgium can now be completed under a simplified procedure. According to the recently published rules, companies may be eligible for simplified registration of mergers in Belgium, which, in turn. leads to reduced…

Private Equity Funds in Australia

Recent years have seen the Australian government take steps aimed at encouraging establishment of PEFs in Australia.  As a result, the country’s PEF landscape has undergone major transformations, and particularly after the introduction of VCLP,…

The Philippines Welcome Islamic Finance

Islamic banks and investment funds are mainly concentrated in the Middle East, the Persian Gulf and Malaysia. However, they’ve been long drawing interest from different countries due to the massive liquidity. Their total assets are…

Islamic Finance The French Way

The French authorities were faced with the task of incorporating Islamic finance into the legal system, but at the same time not violating their religious principles defined by Sharia. They coped with this task perfectly….

Investment Funds Regulation in Bermuda

Today it is difficult to imagine a global investment industry without one of its key centers – Bermuda. More than 600 different investment funds are registered and successfully operate in this jurisdiction. But these are…

Transformations in Canada’s Banking Sector

If you intend to obtain a banking license in Canada, then your intention is quite logical and your choice of jurisdiction inspires respect because the banking sector here is in the world’s top in terms…

US Capital Markets

A capital market is a securities market (debt or equity) where commercial enterprises & governments can raise long-term funds. What makes it different from the money market  (where short-term funds are normally raised) is that…

COVID-19: Restrictions on Foreign Investment

Due to the rapid spread of the coronavirus pandemic, many governments are taking measures aimed at maintaining & stabilizing the situation in their countries. However, if you intend to invest in Europe, you should keep…

Regulation of M&A Deals in Peru

Recent years have seen the number of M&A deals in Peru increase significantly. We decided to analyze the main issues that foreign investors may face in relation to the regulation of M&A deals in Peru….

Islamic Financing in the Republic of Ireland

Those seeking to open a company in the EU should definitely train their sights on the Irish Republic. Being a member of the EU and OECD, it attracts foreign investors due to small or zero…

UK & Its Draft EU Free Trade Agreement

In its recently published draft EU free trade agreement, the British government has purposefully omitted geographical indications (GIs). What this means is that GIs will continue to remain a contentious issue during all upcoming negotiations…

FDI in the EU

Little did EU economic pundits know how vital the new FDI screening regulations would prove to be after the outbreak of the coronavirus pandemic. Under the regulations, a mechanism enabling individual member states to verify…

Netherlands: Financial Services Regulation

If you’re planning on starting a business in the EU, why not do it in the Netherlands? Registering a financial company in Holland is a multi-stage process which requires the applicant to comply with a…

FDI Legislation in Great Britain

Over the recent years, the EU & its individual member states (including its former members, such as Great Britain) have been tightening FDI screening rules, with the main emphasis being placed on national security. However,…

FDI in Canada

FDI in Canada is absolutely vital for the country’s prosperity; however complying with FDI regulation in Canada is not without its pitfalls & can, therefore, be quite a challenge. So, let’s take a closer look…

The Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on International M&A

Conducting international mergers and acquisitions is always fraught with various kinds of challenges, ranging from legal and ending with cultural ones. Needless to say, these challenges have become an order of magnitude greater after the…

How to Obtain a Financial License in Austria

Austria has a stable financial system, a balanced budget, an efficient economy, and a high level of wealth. The state and regulatory policy of the country in the banking sector is aimed primarily at maintaining…

FDI Regulation in Germany

Overall, German legislation is quite liberal toward foreign direct investment in German companies. However, given the recent influx of investors from countries outside the EU, and more specifically, recent acquisitions of high-tech companies by Chinese…

Concluding M&A Deals in Hong Kong

Usually, acquiring businesses in HK SAR requires concluding a contract for the sale of a company or assets. Non-public companies can also be purchased through signing an agreement, provided it is done according to the…

Legal Framework for Banking in Germany

The banking sector in Germany is regulated by three laws: On Banking, On Trading in Securities and the Civil Code. The latter regulates the relationship between financial institutions and their customers. German banks are supervised…

Concluding M&A Deals in the Republic of Finland

The two most popular ways of concluding M&A deals in Finland involve selling shares or selling entire companies. Signing an M&A agreement in the Republic of Finland can be affected by a number of factors,…

Luxembourg and Hong Kong to Recognise Funds

If an entrepreneur wants to establish an investment fund in Luxembourg or Hong Kong, he will be delighted to know that at the beginning of last year, the regulators of these jurisdictions shook hands and…

Ireland: A Closer Look at Digital Finance

Ireland has become one of the key places not only in Europe but also in the world where fintech companies have settled. If you plan to establish a fintech company in Ireland or EU, then…

FIDIC White Paper

In 2017, the 5th edition of the FIDIC White Paper, a model contract for the provision of consulting services in the field of construction, was released. The revised list of services of the White Paper…

Nigeria – Open Banking Concept

Open banking in the Republic of Nigeria still has a long way to go before it reaches full maturity. As a rule, parties to an open banking agreement in Nigeria include a consumer, consumer bank…

Fintech in Indonesia: Developing Slowly But Steadily

In general, the fintech industry in Indonesia is showing a positive trend. There is a progressive implementation of innovative technologies in the field of finance and the volume of operations is growing slowly but steadily….

Additional Investor Protection in Crowdfunding in the EU

Recently, the final text on the regulations of the European Parliament and the European Crowdfunding Council has become available to the general public. The document addresses many important aspects that relate to investor safety. In…

Ethics & Corporate Governance

Based on international law, human rights can transcend national and cultural borders. When making important decisions & resolving conflict situations, international law always puts human rights first. The subjective element, in turn, is excluded and…

E-Commerce Law

E-commerce law is an ever-evolving area that plays an important role in the business world. The development of the Internet has opened up new opportunities for the creation of trading & marketing channels, which, in…

UK Regulator Tightening Control Over Fintech Sector

Conclusion of fintech deals in Great Britain involves participation of a large number of consumers & innovative firms. Over the recent years, UK fintech regulators have tightened control over this sector, justifying it by the…

M&A Deals During the Coronavirus Pandemic

Since its outbreak, the coronavirus pandemic has been interrupting, and in some cases hindering, companies’ operation. It has also influenced the way purchasers & sellers prepare for & conclude M&A deals. Therefore, governments of different…

Regulation of Banking Activities in France

The main laws governing banking in France include the Monetary & Financial Code, the Finance Act & Banking Act. It’s worth pointing out that the Finance Act applies not only to investment entities, but also…

M&A Disclosure Regulation in Great Britain

Concluding an M&A deal in Great Britain requires the bidders & the target company to ensure that they don’t mislead each other by providing inaccurate information. This means that market participants shouldn’t overestimate the nature…

Hong Kong – Financial Market Regulation

Licensed individuals providing financial services in HK SAR are required to do so as per a special code of conduct. Those seeking to obtain a financial services license in HK SAR should submit their applications…

FDI in Belgium

Known for its investor friendliness, Belgium is now seeking to attract & retain foreign investors. As part of this effort, the government of Belgium has pledged to lower corporate income tax & amend the Companies…

Business Purchase&Sale Transactions in Mexico

Prior to buying or selling a business in Mexico, or an M&A deal in that jurisdiction, you should get familiarized with its legal framework carefully to avoid mistakes. If the decision is made, you should…

Protecting FDI in the Republic of Argentina

Pursuant to the FDI Protection Act, foreign investors can invest in the Republic of Argentina without securing government approval & in accordance with the same rules that are applicable to domestic investors. Non-domestic investors can…

Large acquisitions by UAE banks in a new way

Today the world is trying to solve various problems arising from the influence of COVID-19. In this regard, governments and financial regulators from different countries are making efforts to mitigate the effects of the pandemic…

New Securities Market Regulation in Malta

Recently, Malta has entered into force new rules for regulating the securities market in order to make it even more transparent. The updated rules regulate transactions related to the transformation of liquidity and maturity, as…

Structure of Transactions in Denmark

Transactions in the Kingdom of Denmark normally represent two-party or auction processes that are split into 2 or more stages for the purpose of narrowing down the number of participants. Several factors affect the duration…

Retail Investment Funds in Hong Kong

Registering a RIF in HKSAR requires indepth understanding of the regulatory framework in this jurisdiction. Operation of RIFs is regulated by the OFC Code, while more specific rules & regulations are laid forth in the…

Legal complexities of launching a property fund

Property funds promise to increase the investments of investors through the construction and sale of real estate. If you intend to establish a property fund in the UAE, then this material will be useful for…

Regulation of Funds in the UK during the Coronavirus Pandemic

Given the ongoing СOVID-19 pandemic, there’s now a special page on FCA website containing regulatory information on some of the operational & financial problems UK funds are facing. If you are looking into the possibility…

Corporate Governance

Corporate governance refers to processes within an organization aimed at ensuring control of shareholders over the board of directors. The company’s activities are based on a strict hierarchy, which is why corporate governance rules are…

How to Buy a Business in Malaysia

Acquisition of a company usually occurs by acquiring the entire business, or by acquiring shares from the company. If we are talking about buying a ready-made business in Malaysia, this can be done quite quickly…

Hong Kong Financial Sector In Brief

Banking in Hong Kong is flourishing, and mostly due to the sound and well-organized regulation framework. The Hong Kong Monetary Authority (HKMA) oversees and regulates financial institutions. The Securities and Futures Commission (SFC) supervises securities…

Purchasing Assets & Companies in Great Britain

Normally, buying a business in Great Britain requires concluding a purchase & sale agreement. Whether a deal involving the purchase of assets or companies in Great Britain  can go through is pivotals on how many…

The Intricacies of Buying a Company in Taiwan

Buying a foreign business is an important step, which requires a balanced approach.  Do not rush, but rather find out more information about the legal subtleties of a foreign country, otherwise, you may encounter surprises….

New Rules for Determining the Fair Value of Securities

It finally happened! At the beginning of the current year, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) issued the long-awaited regulatory Proposal on the practice of evaluating registered investment companies and business development companies. The essence…

Andorra’s Banking Sector

Banking regulation in the Principality of Andorra primarily focuses on ensuring the efficiency & stability of banking & financial institutions. Overall, Andorran legislation is geared toward increasing confidence in the country's financial sector & protecting…

Resolving Investment Disputes in the Republic of Austria

The government of Austria hasn’t yet adopted a common policy regarding protection of foreign investments. With that being said, it is steadfastly committed to resolving investment disputes in the Republic of Austria through BITs. Being…

Registering a Bank in China

If you plan to register a financial company in China or open a bank in China, this material will be useful to you, because we not only analyze the main aspects of banking regulation in…

How to establish a private fund in the USA?

Private funds are not created to invest in certain financial instruments. The founder transfers the capital to a private fund so that the council of the fund manages this capital and distributes the income to…

How Hedge-Funds are Regulated in the UK in 2020

It’s common knowledge that establishing a hedge fund in the United Kingdom has always been difficult. This process is often more complicated and time-consuming than, say, in the United States or in the EU countries….

Regulating Financial Services in Great Britain

Registering a business in Great Britain requires familiarity with the peculiarities of legislative norms of this country. We’ll try to shed some light on these two aspects & provide you with indepth insights into legal…

Investment Funds in Germany

Germany is rightfully considered one of the most developed European countries. Among the major European countries, today it undoubtedly has the most dynamic and competitive economy and a favorable investment climate.  In Germany, there is…

Due Diligence in Guernsey Island

Sometimes it is much easier to buy a ready-made business abroad than to register a new company and develop from scratch. An established business has advantages, which, under a certain set of circumstances, can also…

Adaptive M&A in Dominicana

For several years now, on the global technology market, there has been a desire to take advantage of the emergence of revolutionary technological innovations and stimulate the introduction of innovative solutions in various industries. These…

Better than People: Artificial Intelligence in Financial Services

Disruptive innovations in the modern world are commonplace, and those businesses that can quickly respond and adapt to change survive. The use of artificial intelligence (AI) is undoubtedly one of those changes that transform life…

Features of Financial Sector Regulation in Taiwan

In this article, we will consider some aspects of the regulation of Taiwan's financial sector, which is booming. The island's economy has a favorable investment climate, inferior in this indicator to only a few countries….

Estimating a Foreign Company’s Value

Determining a correlation between the value & location of an asset is what makes asset assessment so challenging. Assessing country risk provides an accurate picture of how operating an asset in this or that country…

M&A Deals in the US

Businessmen seeking to expand their business in the US can do so by buying a company that has gone through an M&A process. However, one should not forget that acquiring a company may require conducting…

Cayman Islands: How Funds Are Financed

Nowadays, lending and financial markets in the Cayman Islands are experiencing rapid growth. High creditworthiness and low risk make the market particularly attractive to international lenders. If you need legal advice on financing funds in…

Crowdfunding. Advantages and Pitfalls

Creating a crowdfunding platform is becoming an increasingly fashionable way to obtain funding not only for individual projects and startups, but also for existing businesses. In this article, we will analyze the types of crowdfunding…

Due Diligence (DD)

DD is a process whereby a potential deal or investment prospect is checked, investigated or audited. The idea behind is to verify everything that is revealed during the process of M&A & investment.  Need help…

CIGS Explained

Adopted by eighty five countries, CISG is an important legal mechanism enabling further globalization of contract & trade legislation & allowing for more predictability in the realm of international trade. Some of its most prominent…

Benefits of Having a Shareholder Agreement

The company’s charter is a document establishing the rules governing the internal affairs of the company. As a rule, such a document is a mandatory requirement for registering a company in England or any other…

Due Diligence For Investors In Venture Capital Transactions

The venture capital market is increasingly attracting new players. Nevertheless, the IT sector remains the leader in the number of venture transactions and the amount of investments attracted in the world, which is not surprising,…

FDI – Regulatory Framework in the UAE

Under recently enacted legislation, restrictions on foreign ownership in onshore companies in the UAE have been largely liberalized. If you are considering registering a company in Dubai and want know more about regulations governing foreign…

How To Terminate Contracts In The UAE

The United Arab Emirates is a prestigious jurisdiction characterized by favorable business conditions. Businessmen and investors from all over the world consider starting a business in the UAE, since there are no taxes on income,…

Acquisitions & Mergers Explained

An M&A deal is all about two, three or more companies consolidating to form a new entity. Typically, it involves numerous components, including corporate finance & asset purchases, that simplify this process. A merger is…

How To Establish and Manage Retail Funds in Japan

An investment fund opening, structuring and management are extremely complex task, especially if talking about such jurisdictions as Japan. In this material, we would like to discuss some aspects that should be considered when you…

How Private Equity Funds are Taxed in Great Britain

Registering a company in Great Britain & opening an account with a British bank is by far one of the most popular options for creating an international business. The reason why many businessmen wish to…

Litigation Crowdfunding

As far as conducting trials is concerned, one cannot but mention the fact that it is impossible to guarantee their timeframes and costs. Many people, even adherents of litigation, are finding it increasingly difficult to…

Managing Assets & Investment-Oriented Funds in the European Union

Those seeking to obtain an AIFM license or establish an UCITS in the EU should keep in mind that ESMA has recently updated its AIFs & UCITS regulations. Meant to harmonize ways in which managers…

Islamic Financing Explained

Those practicing Islamic financing must do that according to a specific set of laws called Sharia. To ensure that project financing in the United States or EU is consistent with Sharia precepts, specific structures &…

Self Defense Techniques: How Startups Protect Intellectual Property in Ireland

Intellectual property is the result of mental labor. The product of intellectual labor is very simple to steal and take advantage of. Especially if the creator did not bother to protect intellectual property rights on…

Registering a Financial Company in the Commonwealth of Australia

Being Australia’s major regulator of financial services, ASIC is charged with ensuring abidance by rules & regulations in the corporate & consumer sectors. It is also responsible for protecting consumers’ rights and overseeing the integrity…

Canada: Private Equity Transactions

How to Acquire a Canadian Target Company A purchase by a Canadian target company implies that a private equity sponsor buys securities or other assets of that company. When many sellers are involved, an association…

What does it mean to be a «foreign public investor» in Australia?

Demand for fertile Australian land and other assets has remained high for many years and is not expected to slow down neither by foreign public investors nor by private companies. And this despite doubling taxes…

Want to Save Assets For Your Heirs? Establish a Trust in Bermuda

Over the past 50 years, the notorious association with the “Bermuda Triangle” has been leveled by the extraordinary financial success of Bermuda, which has gained a reputation as one of the world’s top offshore jurisdictions….

The New Singapore Variable Capital Company (VCC)

Legislative groundwork for the functioning of VCCs in Singapore was laid in 2018. Back then, a special piece of legislation was passed called the VCC Act. Meant to stimulate investment, it was also aimed at…

What Are Franchise Agreements All About?

Nowadays, a number of enterprises use franchise schemes as a means of expanding their businesses. However, registering a franchise requires getting legal advice about the intricacies involved in this process. Therefore, familiarizing yourself with procedure…

Acquiring & Owning Banking Institutions in the State of Sweden

Reliable & efficient financing systems are an essential component of any successful economy. The secret to Sweden’s prosperity lies in the fact that its financial system is managed by highly effective banking & other credit…

Switzerland – World’s №1 Financial Hub

Due to the stability of its financial market, Switzerland is rightly called the number one financial center in the world. The ease of creating startup projects, registering SMEs, and setting up innovative foreign companies in…

Small and Medium Enterprise in the UAE

Because of its contribution to the growth and diversification of the UAE’s economy, registering SMEs in the UAE was and still is a top priority for its government. To ensure further development of SMEs, it…

What Personal Data To Disclose When Selling a Business in Europe?

Comprehensive legal due diligence of a company in Europe and information disclosure are a mandatory and very important part of most transactions for the purchase of a ready-made business in Europe. A common practice is…

IQ Decision Expertise: How to Draw Up an Agreement and Protocol of Intent

Contracts are an important part of our daily business life. Contract law is one of the main branches of law, which requires high legal qualifications and expertise from the person who deals with it. Therefore,…

Having a Fund Licensed in the Caymans

Considering starting a business in the Caymans? In this article we will be looking into legal aspects of obtaining a fund license in the Cayman Islands. Legislative Framework Governing Investment Funds in the Caymans As…

Belief is the Key: How Venture Capital Works

Do you believe in angels? If you are a startup owner, you’d better do – in angel investors. Who these mysterious people are, and how the mechanism of venture capital works as a whole please…

How to Open a Direct Investment Fund in the British Virgin Islands?

Before 2018, a legal entity could easily open a direct investment fund in the British Virgin Islands (BVI) without a direct presence, that is, without the need to physically register a company there. However, times…

Using Blockchain in the Financial Sector

Blockchain technology has the potential to give an impetus to the development of an entire range of new industries. Therefore, companies seeking to engage in cryptocurrency business in the US (and worldwide) are increasingly viewing…

Registering and Licensing a PEF in the BVI

The primary regulatory framework for funds in the BVI centers around SIBA. The latter, in its turn, gets monitored by another financial regulator – the FSC. There is also a whole network of regulations that…

Trademark Registration and Protection in The EU

Trademark as a Tool to Stand Out In the world of consumption, the functions performed by the trademark today provide the following benefits for the product and its manufacturer: the allocation of goods from the…

M&A in Serbia

Mergers and Acquisitions (M&A) is commonly known as a set of tasks that are aimed at smoothly merging one company with another or several enterprises into one. Such transactions can be signed for a wide…

The Practice of Concluding Investment Treaties in Singapore

In recent years, Singapore has continued to attract record investments, despite the challenges of the global economic environment. Its extensive network of double tax treaties, a strategic location at the center of all major growing…

A Sector of Prosperity: Singapore Banking

Let’s assume that some 20 years ago you would consider establishing an affiliation of your bank in a foreign country, what country would be your top of mind? Most probably, your top rate wouldn’t include…

When should the US and Canada State Officials use blind trust?

A blind trust around the world is considered a useful tool that is designed to distinguish between government and business. It is quite obvious that it is economic (financial) interests that determine the political behavior…

Qatar: M&A Legislation

Qatar is a country characterized by a highly developed economy, a stable political system and high standards of living. Therefore, foreign businessmen are often interested in conducting M&A transactions in Qatar. Today we will look…

Islamic Finance in Great Britain

Recent years have seen the UK government pay much attention to islamic finance and everything to do with it. Great Britain was the first jurisdiction to host a self-contained islamic financial establishment in the EU….

Umbrella Fund in the EU – Cyprus Preference

Cyprus has a favourable environment for opening an umbrella fund in the European Union. In order to set up an umbrella fund in Cyprus (RAIF) you don’t need any specialized license. Such funds are supervised…

NRFs in the UK

Setting up a non-retail pooled fund (hereinafter referred to as a NRPF) in the UK is not such an easy task. NRPFs are ordinarily established abroad, i.e. in a country or region having its own…

FDI in the US

Planning on registering a company in the US? This article will provide you with some valuable insights into how investment activities in the US are regulated. The US government tries to maintain a healthy balance…

Peculiarities of franchising in the UK

If you consider registering a company for an international franchise in the UK, namely the Joint Venture Company (JVC), and you think that you can realize it alone, without a local partner, then it might…

Coronavirus and the financial crisis: what company directors need to consider

This article will discuss the main responsibilities and actions of directors whose companies face financial problems in connection with the coronavirus. Given the global situation, many companies decide to cease operations, but some companies, being…

Project Financing – What is It All About?

Seeking to register a project financing company? Read on to find out how!  Project Finance Explained  ‘Project financing’ stands for a highly specific form of lending used under very particular circumstances (e.g. for non-recourse or…

Doing Business in the UAE: M&A Market

Following a series of mergers and takeovers in 2018, the M&A market in the UAE has been in a relative lull ever since. The geopolitical and legislative changes taking place over the past 2 years…

Cryptocurrencies: a New Tool for Investors and Financiers?

Legal Framework for Operations with Cryptoassets in Japan A cryptocurrency has a number of attributes which help the regulators of cryptocassets in Japan conclude whether it falls within a specific country’s jurisdiction. The main ones…

Regulations Governing the Banking Sector in the UAE

Planning on applying for a banking license in the UAE? Considering setting up a bank in the UAE? We strongly recommend that you take a closer look at the statutes and regulations governing the banking…

Setting up a Charity Fund in 2020

Establishing a charity fund or organization requires figuring out which legal structure such an entity will have. To be able to do so, the organization is to come up with a document called ‘directive’ which…

Private Company M&A: Warranties and the Disclosure Process

A case that has recently taken place in the English High Court emphasizes how important disclosure is as well as the challenges that may occur during a fast-tracked sale process. Background Motorplus Limited, which is…

Ship and Yacht Registration Services

One of the most important things when registering your yacht or vessel is to choose the right flag of convenience (FOC). Deciding which flag your naval vessel will be registered under depends on many factors,…