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M&A Deals in the Kingdom of Norway

Selling & acquiring businesses (or assets) in the Kingdom of Norway is usually preceded by the signing of SPA agreements. If target companies have several owners, each of whom owns a minority stake in them,…

Due Diligence of Technology M&A Deals in Belgium

Today, the largest number of M&A deals take place in the financial, consumer and technology sectors. At the same time, the introduction of technologies and innovations in other areas is growing exponentially (fintech, agrotech, etc.),…

Preparing a Business for Sale

You have been working hard to make your business a success, haven’t you? But what should you do to maximize its value? In fact, selling a business requires one to comply with some basic requirements,…

Recent Trends in the Canadian M&A Market

Despite instability in the domestic & international markets, M&A deals in Canada are being concluded on an even bigger scale than before. And the signing of the NAFTA agreement has given this trend renewed impetus. …

Concluding M&A Deals in Hong Kong

Usually, acquiring businesses in HK SAR requires concluding a contract for the sale of a company or assets. Non-public companies can also be purchased through signing an agreement, provided it is done according to the…

How to protect your TM in the EU

After filing an application for registration of a trademark in the EU, an examination procedure is carried out with respect to each mark applied for registration. As a result of such examination, the trademark applicant…

Top Tips For Creative Business Negotiations

In business negotiations, as in any negotiation in everyday life, creativity and flexibility are essential. After all, the situation does not always turn in the right direction for us. Conducting international negotiations with the help…

Concluding M&A Deals in the Republic of Finland

The two most popular ways of concluding M&A deals in Finland involve selling shares or selling entire companies. Signing an M&A agreement in the Republic of Finland can be affected by a number of factors,…

How to Move Business from Cyprus to Another Jurisdiction

When entrepreneurs are asked why they have set up a company in Cyprus, the typical answer is that it is warm here and all operations are carried out strictly according to the law. However, the…

How to Protect a Domain Name?

Many domain name holders are intimidated by the question of how to protect a domain name. And this is not surprising since from a legal point of view it is quite a complicated issue. We…

M&A Deals During the Coronavirus Pandemic

Since its outbreak, the coronavirus pandemic has been interrupting, and in some cases hindering, companies’ operation. It has also influenced the way purchasers & sellers prepare for & conclude M&A deals. Therefore, governments of different…

Why Your Business Needs A Shareholders Agreement

In countries with a common law system, it is almost impossible to imagine a successful business without concluding a shareholders agreement, also known as corporate agreement. This document details all the rights and obligations of…

Business Purchase&Sale Transactions in Mexico

Prior to buying or selling a business in Mexico, or an M&A deal in that jurisdiction, you should get familiarized with its legal framework carefully to avoid mistakes. If the decision is made, you should…

Regulation of M&A transactions in Egypt

Most foreign companies operating in Egypt are joint-stock or limited liability companies. There are also sole proprietorships but they are less common. Egyptian private company sales transactions are structured in accordance with the Companies Act…

COVID-19 and international arbitration

International arbitration is one of the most common ways to resolve commercial disputes in the world. Therefore, any commercial organization that works with foreign counterparties, one way or another, may encounter consideration of the case…

A Guide for Startups Wishing to Register a Trademark in The EU

Startups are well aware that at the start of a business it is necessary to take care of trademark protection and register it. The trademark is protected territorially, that is, its protection extends only to…

Trademarks Registration and Protection in The Benelux

To begin with, the three countries which are parts of the Benelux – Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg – have concluded an agreement on the unification of their national trademark laws signed at the beginning…

Protection of TM and IP in Sweden

Sweden is known both in Europe and around the world as an advocate of intellectual property rights and is a signatory to almost all international conventions in this area. That is, the IP protection issue…

Acquiring a ready-made company in Hong Kong

If you intend to acquire a private company in Hong Kong, then first you need to familiarize yourself with the features of conducting such sales transactions in this country. In the case of buying and…

Franchising in Great Britain

Franchising  is an arrangement between two or more parties whereby the franchisor grants the franchisee a right to use their trademarks, production processes & business systems to come up with a product or service which…

Offshore Funds in the Caymans

Planning on creating investment funds in the Caymans? If so, then you should know that doing so requires being up to date on the recent developments in the structure of offshore funds in the this…

New Technologies & the Legal Sector in the UK

Given the ongoing coronavirus pandemic, legal service providers are increasingly recognizing the necessity to come up with new ways of responding to the needs of their clients. In particular, this concerns the changes in customer…

Crowdfunding in Brief

Collective conscious In 2009, a new way of finding financing for their projects, crowdfunding, gained popularity among entrepreneurs. And then, more than ten years ago, and today its essence remains the same and is associated…

Estimating a Foreign Company’s Value

Determining a correlation between the value & location of an asset is what makes asset assessment so challenging. Assessing country risk provides an accurate picture of how operating an asset in this or that country…

M&A Deals in the US

Businessmen seeking to expand their business in the US can do so by buying a company that has gone through an M&A process. However, one should not forget that acquiring a company may require conducting…

Franchise Agreements in the UK – Key Features

The franchise networks establishing and promotion can be noted on almost the entire European continent. Due to its reliability, franchising continues to be one of the most popular forms of doing business and is actively…

Due Diligence (DD)

DD is a process whereby a potential deal or investment prospect is checked, investigated or audited. The idea behind is to verify everything that is revealed during the process of M&A & investment.  Need help…

How to Protect TM Associated with Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence (AI) is an irreversible global trend that is evolving at an incredible rate and constantly poses ever new unique challenges to technology companies. This review will explain why, for AI-related firms, a brand…

Due Diligence For Investors In Venture Capital Transactions

The venture capital market is increasingly attracting new players. Nevertheless, the IT sector remains the leader in the number of venture transactions and the amount of investments attracted in the world, which is not surprising,…

Obtaining Sensitive Information During Due Diligence

Due diligence is becoming increasingly popular among business owners and investors. How to protect yourself, your reputation and your assets during M&A transactions or investing? Due Diligence customers are usually companies that are buying business,…

Law

Consideration in Treaties Under English Law

In our previous article on the main components of a legally binding common law contract, we looked at three out of four elements: Offer; Acceptance; Intention to create a legal relationship. In this article, we…

Mergers Explained

Being about 1 company buying another, mergers & acquisitions usually result in the formation of a larger entity. Mergers (or takeovers) are usually divided into friendly ones, backflip ones & hostile ones. In this article,…

Acquisitions & Mergers Explained

An M&A deal is all about two, three or more companies consolidating to form a new entity. Typically, it involves numerous components, including corporate finance & asset purchases, that simplify this process. A merger is…

Assessing Damage Relating to the Breaching of a Contract

Introduction Imagine producing expensive, high-quality goods & having a network of loyal customers. In an attempt to increase your output, you conclude a contract whereby a modern production line will be installed at your production…

Mediation Explained

Being a very effective tool for resolving commercial disputes, mediation is widely practiced around the world nowadays. The main piece of legislation governing settlement of commercial disputes on the international arena is the Singapore Convention…

Planning to buy a gambling business in the EU? Do not neglect the legal audit before buying

The gaming industry has grown into a multi-billion business, attracting investors around the world. Gambling has become more accessible to a wide range of users with the rapid growth of youth among online players. There…

Why Do Companies Need a Corporate Lawyer?

Having a corporate lawyer plays a key role in ensuring successful operation of any company. Their responsibilities may include legal support of transactions, dispute resolution, litigation, and preparation of regulatory documents. Below you will find…

How to Check the Counterparties or Business Partners Reliability in the UK?

Companies that are interested in conducting due diligence procedures with respect to an individual or company should pay attention to recent situations that have undermined the reputation of world-famous companies due to espionage and surveillance…

What Are Franchise Agreements All About?

Nowadays, a number of enterprises use franchise schemes as a means of expanding their businesses. However, registering a franchise requires getting legal advice about the intricacies involved in this process. Therefore, familiarizing yourself with procedure…

IQ Decision Expertise: What is a Life Trust?

In this educational article, we will look at a type of agreement called the Life Trust, also known as a revocable trust. This is a document where its founder acts as a trustee, granting the…

IQ Decision Expertise: How to Draw Up an Agreement and Protocol of Intent

Contracts are an important part of our daily business life. Contract law is one of the main branches of law, which requires high legal qualifications and expertise from the person who deals with it. Therefore,…

Belief is the Key: How Venture Capital Works

Do you believe in angels? If you are a startup owner, you’d better do – in angel investors. Who these mysterious people are, and how the mechanism of venture capital works as a whole please…

Trademark Registration and Protection in The EU

Trademark as a Tool to Stand Out In the world of consumption, the functions performed by the trademark today provide the following benefits for the product and its manufacturer: the allocation of goods from the…

Umbrella Fund in the EU – Cyprus Preference

Cyprus has a favourable environment for opening an umbrella fund in the European Union. In order to set up an umbrella fund in Cyprus (RAIF) you don’t need any specialized license. Such funds are supervised…

Trust Agreement. What is it?

Trust Agreement or Trust Deed is an agreement in which one person transfers ones assets to another person (Trustee). In accordance with the terms of this agreement it is possible to transfer money, securities, real…

International Negotiations

Vibrant business activity often leads to disagreements between the people involved in commercial activities that subsequently develop into resource-intensive and costly financial disputes. Frequently, it is hard to resolve a suddenly emerged problem without a…

Setting Up a Payment System Account Legal Advisory Services

The foundation for the rapid development of the EU FinTech industry and for SEPA (Single Euro Payments Area) was laid back in December 2007, when the first Payment Service Directive (PSD) was adopted. PSD has…

Registration of Ships/Yachts

The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) that has been joined by 167 countries and the European Union as of June 2016, provides the rules of international law governing the registration…

International Trade Law: Need Help?

International commercial (trade) law is not a separate legal system, branch or sub-branch of international law. It is rather a comprehensive legal concept that includes the norms and provisions of different international regulations, treaties, conventions…

Investment Support Services

IQ Decision UK investment management specialists will provide you with professional legal advisory services depending on the type of your investment tools in the following fields: Real estate (income-generating property); Industrial production (technological lines, equipment,…

Corporate Services: Incorporation/Company Structure Advising

Business Advisory Services Advising is a type of professional, intellectual services provided to corporate clients interested in optimizing their businesses, associated with solving complex problems of an enterprise in the field of management and organizational…

General principles of English contract law

This article is devoted to the most common issues of contract law, including its historical and legal aspects of formation. English legal system was formed by centuries of case law. The contract as a legally…

Ship and Yacht Registration Services

One of the most important things when registering your yacht or vessel is to choose the right flag of convenience (FOC). Deciding which flag your naval vessel will be registered under depends on many factors,…

FIDIC CONTRACTS

FIDIC One of the most authoritative organizations in the international investment and construction industry is The International Federation of Consulting Engineers (FIDIC). It gained its reputation thanks to the release of standard contract documentation. Overall,…

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Law

International Trade Law

The effective practical application of the provisions of international trade law is one of the most important aspects one should consider in trying to establish a successful cross-border business. The globalization of the world economy,…

Law

Real Estate Transactions, Land Dispute Settlement

Why do you need to buy real estate abroad? Well, you can buy real property for yourself and reside in a livable country in your own house or apartment, or you can use your real…

International Dispute Settlement: Mediation, Court Support Services

How to resolve a dispute? Do you have to go to court? Pre-trial settlement of commercial disputes is becoming increasingly popular in Europe and throughout the world. The global leaders in the development of alternative…

Incorporation Services

The most common way of doing business around the world is the incorporation of a company. Incorporation is known as a legal process used to form a corporate entity that varies from one country or…

Investment Management Services

Investment protection is the first and most important rule of the investment business. The question is how to protect your investment? Investment activity is a complex and multifaceted process with its own “pitfalls”. The support…

Corporate Services

The transparency of the modern world gives you the opportunity to put your ideas into practice nearly anywhere in the world. But behind the seeming simplicity, there are also some difficulties with translating into reality…