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Legal help with opening a business

Mining in Zimbabwe

Mining in Zimbabwe is the main source of income for the state. The share of gold in exports is 60%. In 2016, a comprehensive reform of the country's diamond mining sector was carried out. At…

Mining in Uganda

Mining in Uganda is governed by the following pieces of legislation: Constitution of Uganda; Mining Law; Mining Regulations; NEA Act; Environment Law. Uganda: Obtaining a Mining License Individuals or companies seeking to conduct mining activities…

Mining in Angola

The main part of the state income received from the mining sector of Angola falls on oil and gas, numerous deposits of which are associated with sediments of coastal-marine depressions. The next most important are…

Canada: M&A

Selling a business in Canada is usually done through the sale of assets or stakes. Please note that selling shares of a Canadian company is a far preferable option due to the lower income tax…

Botswana: Mining Regulation

All minerals in Botswana belong to the state. Exploration or mining in Botswana is carried out on the basis of a license issued by the Ministry of Water, Energy & Mineral Resources. Botswana: Obtaining an…

EU: M&A Deals Amid the COVID Pandemic

If selling a business in Europe causes it to change its value, parties strive to share the risks by agreeing on a price adjustment mechanism. The two main mechanisms are: invoices in which the purchase…

Lesotho: Mining Regulation

Pursuant to the Constitution, all rights to land & minerals belong to the Kingdom of Lesotho. Hence, exploration & mining in Lesotho require having an appropriate mining concession granted by the country’s government. Exploration &…

Law

Spain: Reform of the Law on TM

If you’ve decided to register a trademark in Spain, it is worth noting that the country has an updated Law on TM, which is largely synchronized with the legislation of the European Union on trademarks. …

TM Regulation in Africa

IP experts have recently stated that the benefits of having trademark rights in Africa are already paying off. This material describes the main characteristics of the use of trademarks in African countries. IP protection issues…

Regulation of Mineral Production in Cameroon

Mining in Cameroon is governed by a special Mining Code. The Code establishes rules according to which in this African republic it is possible to extract minerals by companies in respect of state-owned land. A…

Mauritius: Registration of GBC

Those planning to open a company in the Republic of Mauritius should keep in mind that they can choose from several legal forms: companies; funds (CIFs or CEFs); trusts; foundations; LPs. Companies registered for the…

Regulation of Mining in Zambia

If you intend to open a mining company in Zambia, the first thing to do is to reconnoiter the legal framework of this South African country for mining. In this log post, we will provide…

Republic of Costa Rica: Regulation of M&A Deals

Normally, concluding an M&A deal in Costa Rica begins with executing an LOI or MOU. Also, it involves discussing terms under which DD of an M&A deal in Costa Rica will be taking place. Usually,…

Germany: TM Registration

It’s possible to register a TM in the Federal Republic of Germany if the DPMA (the local licensing body) finds no reason to refuse registration. Unlike in other countries, ex officio examination isn’t carried out…

Cayman Islands: ELP or “Fellowship On The Faith”

This article will be useful for entrepreneurs who intend to register a partnership in the Cayman Islands. Developing a business in a highly competitive market is a difficult task. Therefore, companies initiate partnerships to help…

Federative Republic of Brazil: M&A

Normally, acquiring a private company in the Federative Republic of Brazil involves concluding an agreement for purchase of a target entity’s assets/stakes. M&A deals in the Republic of Brazil commence with executing an MOU, LOI…

Japan: DD of M&A Transactions

Concluding an M&A deal in Japan, even the most insignificant one, requires performing thorough DD. The scope of DD usually covers the following areas: corporate structure, including incorporation documents & other internal rules; validity of…

Cayman Islands: Setting Up a Hedge Fund

If you intend to establish a hedge fund in the Cayman Islands, IQ Decision UK specialists give you a nod in support of your choice of jurisdiction. After all, it is common knowledge that the…

Joint Ventures in Japan

You can register a Japanese JV as a general partnership, JSC, LLC or LLP. Of the four, a JSC is the most popular form. Normally, JSCs are run by BoD members whose shares aren’t freely…

US: M&A Deals

M&A transactions in the US include: purchasing shares of US companies; purchasing assets of US companies. US: Concluding an International M&A Deal Cross-border transactions are regulated by US laws & other applicable jurisdictions. Parties seeking…

New Zealand: Why You Should Register a TM

It is believed that the name of the company and its products and services are among its most valuable assets. However, it is noted that companies invest resources in creating their brands (logo, or slogans),…

Thailand: Foreign Investment Activities

The main piece of legislation regulating foreign investment in the Kingdom of Thailand is the FBA. However, certain provisions of the law are only applicable to Thai citizens; hence, foreig investors looking to do business…

Mining in Mauritius

Located in the Indian Ocean, the island of Mauritius was created by volcanic activity. Therefore, the mining of ores here has its own unique features due to the volcanic origin of the island. Several decades…

Myanmar: PEF

Under certain circumstances, registration of a PEF in the Republic of Myanmar may be subject to tax exemption. So, let’s take a closer look at what it takes to register a PEF in Myanmar. Those…

Germany: Management of Joint Intellectual Property

All businesses, no matter how big or small, will own some form of IP. To create an original product, which is of interest as an IP object, requires much effort and costs. However, it is…

SAR: Opening a JV

Normally, opening a JV in the South African Republic takes the form of a registered company (private or public). It’s also possible to register unincorporated partnerships in the South African Republic but it entails some…

South Korea: Trademark Protection

South Korea is an economically developed country that attracts many entrepreneurs looking to scale their business. So, let’s take a closer look at the advantages of trademark protection in South Korea & potential problems that…

Holland: Registering a Domain Name

Registration of a domain name in Holland requires applicants to choose a registrator. There’s more than 1,400 registrators in Holland & they’re all listed on the official website of the SIDN. Charged with registering domain…

Investment Funds in Ireland. Part 2

Setting up an investment business in Ireland requires an understanding of many legal nuances. In the first part of the material on retail investment funds, we figured out the legal forms of funds. In this…

France: M&A Regulation

In the majority of cases, sellers of French companies seek to promote competition between bidders by holding auctions. Selling a private company via an auction in France begins with sellers staging a brief presentation. Upon…

Seychelles: Registration of a Trust

Registering a trust in the Seychelles enables its founders to reliably protect their assets; it also helps them limit their liability regarding their business. Those seeking to register a trust in the Republic of Seychelles…

Saint Lucia: TM Regulation

Registration of a TM on the Island of Saint Lucia requires compliance with the Designs, Patents & TMs Act. TMs must also be registered with  the Companies Register & ROCIP. Those seeking to register a…

Regulation of Mining in Mozambique

Activities in the field of geological exploration, exploration and extraction of minerals have a significant impact on the state of the economy of many African countries, including the Republic of Mozambique. The sale of mined…

Mining in Nigeria

Mining is an important part of the economy of many countries, including Nigeria. In addition to underground mining, its important part is opencast mining – in the event that the deposits are located relatively shallow….

Cuba: ТМ Registration and Protection

Today's blog post describes the main provisions of TM regulation in Cuba that business owners need to consider in order to carry out their activities in this jurisdiction. You will also learn some of the…

Peru: TM Registration

Any natural or legal persons can apply for TM registration in the Republic of Peru. Under Peruvian legislation, only TMs having their own unique identity & capable of helping customers distinguish particular services/products from others…

Peru: Technical DD

Legal DD of M&A transactions in the Republic of Peru places a heavy emphasis on the validity & applicability of IP rights and the effectiveness of technological assets. Conducting an M&A transaction in the Republic…

Kyrgyzstan: TM Protection

There are various ways in which one can protect a TM in Kyrgyzstan. Some of the most popular ones include: requesting for TM protection in Kyrgyzstan via the national filing system; requesting for TM protection…

Macedonia: TM Protection

If you decide to open a startup and register a TM in Macedonia, then no one can stop you. The local Industrial Property Law, which is the main trademark law in Macedonia, says this directly…

Great Britain: Company Registers

Planning to register a company in Great Britain? If you are, then you should be intimately aware of the requirements for maintenance of company registers & information to be entered into them. Requirements Pursuant to…

Denmark: Trademark Regulation

Denmark is one of the countries with stable economic and political situations, therefore many businessmen are interested in carrying out their activities in the territory of this jurisdiction. If you are planning to start a…

Italy: TM Registration & Protection

TM registration in the Republic of Italy is handled by the TM & Patent Office. TM regulation in the Italian Republic is done on the basis of the Industrial Property Code & international agreements &…

Angola: TM Registration and Protection

Brand protection is one of the essential aspects of establishing and running a business in any jurisdiction. This should be done not only to protect the loss of revenue from a company but also to…

Brasil: TM Regulation

TM registration is an integral part of ensuring reliable brand protection. Each jurisdiction has its own requirements for the registration process, and so does Brasil. So, if you decide to start doing business in the…

Australia: TM Registration

Applying for TM registration in Australia is usually done online, its cost being somewhat between two hundred fifty & four hundred eighty Australian dollars. Renewal of TM registration in the Commonwealth of Australia must be…

Austria: Brand Registration and Protection

It is not forbidden for anyone to apply for registration of a trademark in Austria. If you want to register a brand in this jurisdiction, you must first make sure that your brand has a…

Serbia: New Law on TM

This year, Serbia’s new Trademark Law has come into force. In this regard, many interesting changes have appeared in the process of TM regulation in Serbia. Some of the updates are aimed at addressing pre-existing…

Singapore: Establishing a Company

One of the most common legal forms for running companies in Singapore is a PLLC. The reason why it’s so popular is because it enables a company’s founders to bear liability only up to the…

Germany: Regulation of Mergers and Acquisitions

If you intend to start a business in the EU, acquire assets or a company in one of the member countries, we recommend that you read the current information in today's blog post, which discusses…

The South African Republic: Mining

Headquartered in the city of Pretoria, the Mineral Resources Ministry is charged with the overall supervision & oversight of the South African mining industry. Its offices are located in each nine regions of the South…

The Cayman Islands: M&A Deals

Normally, conducting an M&A transaction in the Caymans involves formation of a company in the Cayman Islands for the purpose of merging with another company. The process is initiated by investors willing to provide funds…

Croatia: PEF

PEFs in Croatia can be established as OIFRCs or ZIFRCs. Due to the lower taxes, all Croatian PEFs are formed as OIFRCs. If you’re planning to establish an OIFRC in the Republic of Croatia, it…

How to Register an Investment Fund in Cyprus?

Cyprus, as one of the world business centers of the European Union, attracts the attention of entrepreneurs from all over the world, thanks to its loyal taxation, a carefully designed legislative system and a simplified…

Luxembourg: Private M&A Transactions

Planning to start mergers and acquisitions in Luxembourg? This could be a well-tailored plan as part of your growth strategy. Some of the largest and successful companies in the world were born out of mergers…

Austria: Due Diligence Before Buying a Company

Before making the final decision to buy a company in Austria, the buyer usually conducts a due diligence procedure for the object in which he/she is interested. This is a very important part of the…

UK: Cryptocompanies To Meet the New AML Rules

Since the beginning of the current year, the UK's AML / CTF regulations have been in effect, in other words, the MLR Amendment. When planning to set up a crypto company in the UK, please…

Canada: Private M&A

This article will be relevant for those planning to purchase shares or assets of a private company in Canada or sell a company in this jurisdiction. Acquiring private properties in Canada requires careful negotiation and…

Country of Directors: How to Establish a Firm in Liechtenstein

The Principality of Liechtenstein is located in Central Europe, between Austria and Switzerland. The country is not part of the EU, but is included in the EEA and participates in the Schengen Agreement. The jurisdiction…

Argentina: TM Regulation

TM in Argentina is protected on the basis of registration, and not on the use of TM in the country. To become a full-fledged owner of a TM with all the ensuing advantages, you must…

Cyprus: Regulation of Cryptocurrencies

The Cypriotic government is currently looking into the possibility of including smart contracts in their future strategy. It’s projected that the strategy will be focusing on regulation of blockchain technology & smart contracts in Cyprus….

Indonesia: JV

There’s no specific legislation recognizing or governing the establishment of JVs in the Republic of Indonesia. That said, it’s permissible for unincorporated JVs to function in some industries, such as gas, oil & construction ones….

Japanese JV Issues Overview

For entrepreneurs who plan to register a JV in Japan, it is advisable to familiarize yourself with the information provided by our experts in this blog post. Partner relationships If you are planning to register…

M&A in India

To conclude an M&A deal in the Republic of India, parties must seek the NCLT’s endorsement. Purchasing shares is the easiest & most economical way of acquiring a company in the Republic of India. Buying…

Setting UP a JV With a Chinese Partner

Joint ventures (JVs) are the most difficult forms of organization due to the administrative complexities associated with a partnership between a foreign company and a local company. This article describes the key activities for joint…

Switzerland: PEF

The two popular ways of registering a company in Switzerland include SICAFs & Swiss LPs. The three main pieces of legislation governing SICAFs & Swiss LPs include FINMA-CISO, CISA & CISO. After the adoption of…

Selling a Target Business

Goals & Planning Goals may range from deal to deal, but for simplicity’s sake they’re divided into personal & tax-related ones. Fulfilling personal goals involves freeing up capital so you can concentrate on gaining expected…

Germany: Fund Management

The set up of an investment fund in Germany or another EU member state is the creation of a full-fledged organization. It will be a legal entity with all the necessary permits for financial and…

Bulgaria: New Law on TM

For almost a year now, a new law on signs and geographical indications has been in effect in Bulgaria. With the adoption of the new law, Bulgaria has introduced into national legislation the EU Trademark…

Switzerland: Funds Regulation Specifics

In this blog post, we will briefly review the main features of the management of Swiss funds registered in the country. We will also touch on the topic of managing foreign funds that can obtain…

Poland: TM Regulation

Trademark registration is considered one of the most important aspects of ensuring brand protection and effective business development. This article covers some issues of TM regulation in Poland, since this jurisdiction is characterized by favorable…

Malta: JV Regulation

The Republic of Malta is a comfortable place for doing business in all aspects. To start a business in Malta, it is important to first understand the basic legal requirements, so our today’s blog post…

Thailand: TM Regulation

If you've made up your mind to expand your business in Southeast Asia and register a trademark in Thailand or another country in the region, take a few minutes to read our blog post as…

Panama: Crowdfunding Platforms

Registering securities for crowdfunding is no longer required in Panama; hence, individuals wishing to register a crowdfunding company in Panama & issue securities in Panama will only need to meet the below criteria: get a…

The Netherlands: TM Registration and Protection

Building a strong brand is essential to the success of a business, especially if it is already strong enough to expand beyond one country. If your immediate plans are to register a TM in the…

Netherlands: TM Regulation

Since Holland is part of the Benelux, it must abide by the same TM requirements as the rest of the countries it’s made up of. So, let's take a closer look at the procedure for…

The Virgin Islands: Managing Funds

As per BVI legislation, the following kinds of funds may be established: confirmed; public; private; professional; incubator. To register a fund in the BVI, investors are required to submit an application to the FSC. Obtaining…

PEF in Spain

Oversight & regulation of PEFs in the Kingdom of Spain is an exclusive prerogative of the CNMV. It must be provided with any financial documentation relating to management & registration of private equity funds in…

Macau: Registering trademarks

Trademark registration in Macau is handled by the IPD. Please note that you aren’t required to register a trademark in Macau; however, doing so enables you to prohibit 3rd parties from using it without your…

Australia: Opening a Business

Starting a business in Australia requires having an in-depth understanding of the relevant regulatory framework. Australian companies, particularly ASX-listed ones, must ensure compliance with numerous regulations & requirements So, let’s take a look at what…

India: Company Registration 2020

The number of entrepreneurs wishing to set up a company in India is growing steadily every year, and in this material we invite you to familiarize yourself with the key prospects for doing business in…

Luxembourg: IP Rights

Intellectual property laws can vary widely from country to country. A trademark is a particular kind of intellectual property. It is different from a copyright or a patent.One should register the TM rights both in…

India: TM Regulation

Brand protection India is ensured by registering a TM with a relevantly authorized agency in a specific jurisdiction. So, let’s take a closer look at the main aspects of trademark regulation in India. Regulatory Framework…

Hong Kong: Registering a Company

The most common organizational & legal form for doing business in Hong Kong is LTD. Both experienced businessmen & novice startuppers select it to register a company in Hong Kong. Starting a business in HK…

Germany: Establishing a RIF

The main piece of legislation regulating the setting up & managing of RIFs in the state of Germany is KAGB. There’s several other regulations & standards supplementing KAGB (mostly those are good conduct rules issued…

Montenegro: Protecting TM Rights

Registering a TM in Montenegro requires conducting verification for compliance with TM requirements. Violating TM rights entails civil & criminal liability. TM owners can file a lawsuit for copyright infringement in Montenegro within a 5-year…

New Requirements for Registration of Funds in the Caymans

The Asian stock market is beginning to demonstrate its intention to provide alternatives to traditional stock structures that are more suitable for and attractive to Asian investors. The number of those wishing to establish a…

Malta: TM

Both physical persons & legal entities, such as companies & enterprises, can apply for TM registration in Malta. Please note that registration of non-traditional TMs in Malta (i.e. colors & sounds) is also possible. Those…

Luxembourg: Opening a Company

Apart from LLCs, partnerships & other legal forms of business, entrepreneurs seeking to open a business in Luxembourg can also create LLPs that have no legal personality. Under the recently adopted legislation, registering a European…

South Africa:TM Registration and Use

African countries provide great opportunities for commercial activities. Starting a business in South Africa is simple and relatively quick. The same can be said about the trademark registration procedure in South Africa. This is what…

South Africa: M&A

The high rates of economic growth exhibited by SAR over the recent years have made it an attractive destination for foreign investors considering launching a business in South Africa. So, let’s take a look at…

France: Updated FDI Legislation

The recently announced restrictions on FDI in France are indicative of the global trend towards tighter control over investment regulation in France and the EU. So, let’s take a closer look at the main aspects…

Madrid System: Malaysia

Previously, registering a Malaysian TM required applying to the Malasian IPO Office. Once the Madrid System (MS) is implemented, Malaysian entrepreneurs will get to submit their TM applications to the WIPO & avoid having to…

Belgium: Trademarks

The number one agency responsible for registration of TMs in the Benelux is the BOIP. By applying for TM registration in the Kingdom of Belgium, registrants ensure protection of their TMs in Holland, Belgium &…

9 Questions on Registering TM in Guatemala

Brand protection is one of the important issues that should be given special attention when entering a new market. If you are planning to start a business in America, our today's blog post will be…

TM in France

Registering a TM in France (or any other country for that matter) is an important aspect of forming & protecting a brand. So, let’s see what it takes to register a TM in France &…

Japan: IP Dispute Resolution

This blog post will help you understand the nuances of IPR protection in Japan. This is important not only for businesses operating in this jurisdiction, but also for those who are just planning to register…

German TM Registration Specifics

In the past year, Germany strengthened its regulatory framework for trademarks and IP rights. A new Law on the Modernization of Trademark Law has come into force, which includes the main provisions of EU directives….

Great Britain: Brand Defense Strategy

Brand identity is very important to a business. Every brand owner needs to have strong brand protection in the UK and other jurisdictions. This blog post describes the main features of TM protection in England…

China: TM Protection Methods

For a long time, it has been believed that protecting trademark rights in China is difficult, if not impossible. This opinion was supported by the huge amount of counterfeit products produced by various Chinese enterprises…

US: Registering Sounds, Smells & Movements as Trademarks

In an attempt to protect IP rights, manufacturers seek to cover as much ground as they can. In particular, they try to make sure that even the most unlikely marketing instruments are taken care of….

Spain: Companies Merger 2020

Spain is a developed European country, which, despite the leaps and a series of crises, has always been distinguished by high investment attractiveness. 2020 has changed a lot for the worse for most countries in…

Sweden: Due Diligence in Private M&A

M&A deals in Sweden, as in any other European country, necessarily include the due diligence procedure of the target object before the agreement is concluded. Any legal entity planning to conclude an M&A deal, or…

Domain Name Rights Disputes

A lawsuit centering around infringement of TM rights & transfer of domain name ownership in Europe & the US has recently been filed. However, because the plaintiff failed to provide sufficient proof, the court found…

Business Identity: How to Register a Brand Correctly

Registering a trademark in the EU is one of the most important stages in brand formation. The first thing business owners planning to register a trademark in Europe need to do is determine whether a…

Colombia: TM Registration. Part 2

In the first part, we looked at the legal basics you need to know in order to better understand the scope and regulation of trademark registration in Colombia. This blog post is dedicated to the…

Trademarks Explained

Trademarks represent registered IP rights which protect marks, designs, and expressions & help identify services & products associated with a particular manufacturer. Procedure for Registering TMs in the UK Understanding what brands are all about…

Great Britain: TM Registration

Registering a TM in Great Britain is an absolute must for any growing business. Registered TMs become very valuable assets, especially after the popularity of a business’s services/products begins to grow. By registering TMs in…

Serbia: M&A

Acquiring a Serbian company is possible through purchasing its assets or stakes. So, let’s take a closer look how M&A deals in Serbia are regulated, as well as what documentation is required for closing an…

Cyprus: Funds

Thanks to a completely updated legal & regulatory framework, registering an AIF in Cyprus is now a pretty straightforward process, requiring entrepreneurs to apply minimum efforts. Further development of funds is being supported by the…

LP, GP, LLC Explained

When the question arises about the choice of organizational and legal form when creating a company, one of the common solutions among entrepreneurs is to register a limited partnership abroad.  In this blog post we…

Denmark: TM Registration

This blog post is dedicated to the peculiarities of TM registration in Denmark. Immediately, we note that if a trademark is used on the territory of the country, then in its rights it is equal…

Colombia: TM Registration. Part 1

If you have decided to register a trademark in Colombia, please be advised to first understand the legal framework for this procedure. Colombia is part of the Andean Community, which leaves an imprint on the…

TM in Australia

Brands are an important part of everyday life. Consumers know exactly which smartphone is the most functional, which airline has the best service, and which accessories attract the attention of friends and colleagues. Brands help…

Companies Merger and Reorganization in Cyprus

The Cypriot regime of mergers and reorganizations of companies is actively taking place not only at the local level (that is, between local structures), but also at the cross-border level. If there is a merger…

Great Britain: Registering a Company

Registering a company in Great Britain requires choosing its legal form. So, let's take a quick look at what it takes to apply for registration of an LTD in Great Britain. For simplicity’s sake, we’ll…

US: Domain Names

Registering domain names in the US is the exclusive prerogative of the US Commerce Department. .us domain names may also be registered directly with any accredited registrars. Validity of registration can range from twelve months…

Brazil – TM Registration (Part 2)

In the first part, we’ve looked into the basics of registering a TM in the Federal Republic Brazil. Here, we’re going to be focusing on a TM registration procedure in the Republic of Brazil. Classifying…

Brazil: TM Registration (Part 1)

The two main laws regulating TMs in Brazil are the Constitution & BIPL. The Federal Republic of Brazil is a signatory to the PCPIP, TRIPS & Madrid Protocol; hence, protecting a TM in the Republic…

How to Register aTM in Croatia

Trademark registration in Europe is attractive due to the stable economic situation in European countries and a high level of intellectual property protection. The specialists of our company suggest considering the option of registering a…

China: IP Protection

Last year saw the CPC’s General Office & China’s State Council issue a joint statement dedicated to the strengthening of IP protection in China. The document’s main emphasis was on the problems with litigation in…

Switzerland: M&A

Acquiring private companies in Switzerland is a process that consists of two stages: signing an agreement; closing a deal. The signing of an agreement & closing of a deal can take place simultaneously if there’s…

TM in Slovenia

Registration of a trademark in the EU will allow your brand to become recognizable and will provide protection throughout its territory. The experts of our company propose to consider the option of registering a TM…

Singapore: Company Types

Singapore is considered the main business and trade center of Southeast Asia. This city-state has a highly developed and successful market economy, and has attracted businessmen wishing to register a company in Singapore for many…

China: M&A

Concluding M&A deals in the PRC is always a challenge. And given the recent spike in tensions between the PRC & the US, the requirements for foreign investors have become even more rigorous. If the…

Slovakia: M&A

Concluding an M&A deal in Slovakia requires notifying the AMO (Slovakia's main financial regulator) transaction; however, no strict deadline is set for submitting a notification. The notification can also be submitted to the regulator prior…

Luxembourg: Protecting a TM

Ever since the TM Act was adopted, ensuring protection of TMs in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg has required filing a claim. Filing claims for violation of TM rights in Luxembourg requires submitting an application…

TM in Trinidad and Tobago

Consider trading internationally? It is advised that you register IP rights in export markets. If you plan to start a business in Trinidad and Tobago, here are some hints you may wish to think about…

How to Minimize IP Protection Costs

Intellectual property protection services can cost a lot of money, and IP registration in the UK or other European countries can be particularly costly. However, there are still some ways to reduce and even minimize…

Intellectual Property: DD

A careful assessment of an enterprise's IP assets is an important part of a strategy aimed at attracting investors. Conversely, not knowing what to look out for in relation to IP has the potential of…

China: Protecting a Mobile App’s Name

With the number of mobile apps constantly growing, developing a unique name & designing an icon for a mobile app is becoming an absolute necessity for developers seeking to make their app stand out from…

Switzerland: Joint Ventures

There’s no legal definition of the term ‘joint venture’ in Switzerland; nor is there any  legislation directly applicable to JVs. Depending on a legal structure, registering a JV in Switzerland can take two different forms…

Trademarks in Portugal

If you are planning to register a brand in Portugal, then this blog post may be useful to you. Protecting your business is vital. It is difficult to overestimate the role of means of individualization,…

JV Set Up in Turkey

Over the past decade, Turkey has entered the world’s Top 20 largest economies thanks to creating favorable conditions for partnerships between local and overseas companies. Typically, these partnerships have been formed in Turkish JV registration…

Trademarks in Canada

Our today’s blog post provides an overview of trademark regulation in Canada. The information contained in this article is for guidance only and does not constitute legal advice. If you have any questions of a…

Japan: M&A

An interesting trend has emerged over the past year in the Japanese M&A market, with increasingly more investors putting money in R&D companies. They are willing to spend large sums of money & aren’t afraid…

Cyprus: DD of Deals Involving Sale & Purchase of Vessels

Registering vessels in Cyprus requires keeping in mind several important considerations. For example, prior to signing a deal involving the sale & purchase of a yacht in the Republic of Cyprus, buyers should perform DD….

Private M&A Deals in HK

Private M&A deals in HK are a common process. Insurance companies and licensed securities brokerage firms continue to be in high demand as acquisition targets in this jurisdiction. By acquiring part or all of the…

EU: Trademarks

TMs can be registered as EUTMs if they help distinguish an enterprise's services/products from those of other companies. Registering TMs in the EU requires meeting several important criteria, such as clarity, preciseness, ease of accessibility,…

M&A Regulation in the PRC

As Chinese companies restructure and competition intensifies, more and more firms are looking at buying and selling private companies in China as a means of financing their business development. Also in recent years, another trend…

US: Trademarks

Brand protection is carried out by registering a TM in the US, EU & other jurisdictions in which a company plans to operate. TM registration in the US is done pretty much the same way;…

Israel: Trademarks

Any legal entities or individuals are eligible for registration of a TM in the state of Israel; no Israeli citizenship or documents confirming a residence permit are required. Which TM Types Can be Eligible for…

Singapore: IP Disputes

Courts in the Republic of Singapore are authorized to render judgements on copyright infringement & fraud. Initiating litigation in the Republic of Singapore, whether with a regular or Supreme Court, is pivotal on statutory provisions…

Malta: Registering a Company

The benefits of registering a company in the Republic of Malta include a transparent & simple registration process & a favorable taxation regime. By opening a company in Malta, you get to recruit a highly…

Mexico: Trademarks

TM protection in Mexico can be granted to any TM which helps distinguish a company’s services & goods from those of its competitors. Protection for unconventional TMs in the Republic of Mexico extends to smells,…

TM Regulation in Malta

Registration of a trademark is a necessary measure of brand protection. This article describes the main aspects of TM regulation in Malta, which will be relevant for those planning to start a business in this…

IP Remedies in the United States

If you have a brand, then you may have problems with intellectual property (IP) protection. This applies not only to large corporations selling their products around the world, but also to small businesses. In this…

US: Registering a TM

Any symbols, drawings, words, or combinations thereof can be registered & protected by US laws. The same applies to slogans, colors, packaging, sounds, tastes, smells & other NVMs. US: Obtaining Ownership of Unregistered TMs An…

Luxembourg: Establishing Funds

Entrepreneurs considering registering companies or funds in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg have several options, such as: SICARS; SOPARFIs; RAIFs; SIFs. Pursuant to a circular published by CSSF, registering specialized investment funds in the Grand…

Singapore: Financial Risk Management

If you are planning to establish a financial services company in Singapore, then it is worth considering that the standards for conducting this kind of activity are at the highest level here. Particular attention is…

Updated EU Regulations for Investment Companies

At the beginning of last year, the EU Council approved proposals regarding the updates in regulation on investment companies registered on the territory of the European Union. The new regime will tighten requirements for investment…

Top Tips for Starting a JV in China

LLC or LLP are the two main forms that are most popular among businessmen looking to open a joint venture in China. If you are interested in registering a Joint Venture in China, and you…

Austria: M&A Deals

The Australian M&A market has been growing steadily over the past few years. There has also been an increase in the number of M&A deals in the technology & construction sectors.  Just like in other…

How To Register a Company For Developing Google Play Apps

Today, developing applications and selling them on Google Play is a highly profitable business which is gaining popularity day after day. In order to engage in such entrepreneurial activity, first you should do is register…

UAE: Registering a Company in Ajman

Currently, the UAE has a total of thirty six FEZs, all of which have a special regime of taxation. It’s little wonder then that registering a company in Ajman or other FEZs in the U.A.E….

Chatbots in Business: Legal Issues

The rapid development of technologies in the field of artificial intelligence has created conditions for the increase in the use of chatbots in business. Further in our blog post, we will talk about what chatbots…

Due Diligence

Usually, performing DD of a company in Europe or America begins with identification, in which key information is requested from a potential client or 3rd party (often through a simple survey questionnaire). Schematically, this process…

Negotiations: 5 Effective Strategies

Negotiating plays a key role in ensuring effective communication between companies & their customers. Being an effective communicator helps you negotiate a better deal & assure your company’s lasting success in the future. There’s several…

Choosing a Law Firm to Resolve a Dispute in Arbitration

Ensuring the impartiality and independence of arbitrators is indeed one of the main principles in resolving a dispute in the UK and in any other country. Both points are important components of a professional approach…

Turkey: DD of Private M&A Transactions

A thorough & proper investigation of all legal, financial & tax issues is an integral part of DD of M&A transactions in Turkey. Sometimes, commercial DD is performed as well, especially when it comes to…

US: DD of M&A Transactions

Often carried out before signing M&A deals, due diligence is a procedure that is meant to verify the object of the agreement. Concluding an M&A deal in the US requires taking a responsible approach to…

Denial of TM Registration in China

Recently, there has been a growing question from customers as to what options they have for registering a trademark in China if such a trademark is similar or similar to another. It will be relatively…

Belize Restoring Positive Image

Registering a company in Belize is becoming a tempting idea for foreign entrepreneurs looking to start a business in Central America or participate in public investment programs. The reason for this is the amended legislation…

Why Startups Register IP in Canada

Much of creating a successful startup depends on developing a recognizable brand. According to opinion polls, 59% of buyers buy goods from familiar brands. But if you're just starting your business in Canada, how can…

Liquidating Legal Entities & Trademarks

It often happens that after filing for liquidation in the EU or US, entrepreneurs have no possibility to manage TMs in Europe & America. In fact, liquidating legal entities doesn’t necessarily involve the transfer of…

What is Registration of Intellectual Property for?

In the field of intellectual property, IP protection in the US or EU is the first thing IP owners should take care about. By applying for TM registration in the EU or US, they can…

How to Use the ®️, ™ or © ️ Symbols

Introduction ®️ stands for “Registered Trademark” (affirmed by the Patent & Trademark Office); ™ means “Trademark” (any mark filed with the Trademark Office); © ️ stands for "Copyright"; © ️ (“Copyright”) is a notice of…

How to Protect a Brand on the Internet

In today's world, brand protection on the Internet has undergone significant changes and reached a new level. The improper use by third parties of trademarks, patents and designs in various areas of the internet, such…

Digital Asset Ownership

In this short piece, we’ll be focusing mostly on ownership of digital assets. Given the problems faced by owners of digital assets nowadays, analysing the pros & cons of different organizational & legal forms may…

IP regulation

In this short piece we’ll be focusing on the main aspects of IP leadership, including problems with protecting IP rights in South East Asia & Latin America & trends observed in IP leadership at the…

Financing Startups in Northern Ireland

Starting a business in Great Britain, and more specifically, launching a startup in Northern Ireland, requires having a financial cushion. Nowadays, we’re witnessing a new trend whereby greater emphasis is being placed on cooperation in…

Isle of Man: Recent Changes in Tax Regime

Planning on registering a company in the Isle of Man? If you are, then you should definitely pay close attention to the recent changes in the tax regime of this British Crown dependency. Failure to…

Legal Issues Related To Domain Names

Having a problem protecting your domain name? First, let's understand what a domain is. Domain names are the equivalent of a physical address on the Internet, with which you can find a site on the…

IP Protection in Singapore

In this review, we will look at options for registering intellectual property rights, as well as how to protect IP rights in Singapore. An invaluable resource Intellectual property (IP) can be an extremely valuable resource…

Top Tips How To Register a Foreign Company

Here’s a short foreign entrepreneur's guide to incorporating a limited liability company. Registration of a foreign company can be carried out only with professional assistance. If you plan to register an LLC in the US…

Hedge Funds on the Island of Guernsey

Considering registering an investment fund? Can’t find a suitable jurisdiction? Why not train your sights on the Island of Guernsey? Thanks to a flexible & pragmatic approach adopted by the GFSC, the island's number one…

Cayman Islands Investment Mechanisms

This article will be of interest to those who plan to register an Asia-focused fund in the Cayman Islands or register a company in this jurisdiction. Why the Caymans? The Cayman Islands are one of…

How To Protect A Trademark

Trademark protection is an important issue that interests entrepreneurs after TM has been registered. TM protection is mainly focused on the fact that no one can take advantage of your brand, because such actions can…

How to Register a TM in Switzerland

If you want to register a trademark in Switzerland, then you should know that the right to a TM in Switzerland is established only upon registration. Therefore, legal protection is mainly granted to registered trademarks….

Registering a TM in China: New Requirements

Registering a TM in China is the exclusive prerogative of the Beijing IP Court (BIPC). Subject to the powers bestowed on it by the current legislation, it can either reject or invalidate TMs in the…

Registration of TM Сontaining Geographical Names

The protection of a trademark, which contains a geographical name, is a rather complicated issue. Many formalities need to be followed in order to register marks that indicate the geographical origin of a product, for…

Funds & Their Management in Hong Kong

Managing funds in the HK SAR is the exclusive prerogative of the SFO, HK’s main piece of legislation governing futures markets & securities. The said act provides the SFC, HK’s number one financial regulator, with…

Protection Of Consumer Rights In The EU

The sphere of consumer protection in the EU is quite extensive and includes many issues of private and public, substantive, and procedural law. Before registering a company in the EU and selling goods to Europe,…

THE UMBRELLA FUND EXPLAINED

The power of numbers is often referred to as investing, and investment funds (IF) are seen as a tool for accumulating and increasing capital. This is why an increasing number of people are looking to…

How To Register A Company In Montenegro

To register a company in Montenegro, you need to choose an organizational and legal form, prepare documents and you can start! However, there are some subtleties that we will tell you about. First, you need…

Register A Company Abroad: What You Should Know?

It is well known that in order to conduct business abroad, an entrepreneur should, first of all, register a company, open a bank account, obtain a permit for activity. Company registration is the most crucial…

Slovenia: Legal Services Market

Slovenia's economy has been growing at an unprecedented rate lately, and so has the revenue of the country’s top thirty law firms. Since 2012, it has increased by nearly thirty percent, totalling EUR 140 mln….

Registering a Color as a TM

Registering a word or design as a trademark is a common practice. But did you know that you can register a color as a trademark as well? By doing so, you can claim the exclusive…

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS CONSULTING

When choosing where to register a company – in the US, Europe, Asia, Australia – entrepreneurs are interested, firstly, in the international relations of the jurisdiction, and secondly – the regulatory framework.  IQ Decision UK…

MERGER IN TURKEY GETTING SIMPLER

Until recently, mergers in Turkey have been a complex and time-consuming procedure, with a large number of formalities that complicate and delay the whole process. The good news is that the rules recently adopted in…

Law

Singapore: Regulation of Corporate Governance

Registering a company in Singapore requires having indepth knowledge of the local corporate governance laws. The corporate governance regime in Singapore focuses mainly on companies listed on the SGX-ST & consists of laws, regulations &…

Norway: Digital Business

Development & maintenance of big data centers capable of processing large volumes of data remains the number one priority for all sectors of Norwegian economy, especially for those of them that rely heavily on modern…

Public M&A in France: Hostile Takeovers

Most often control over a French public company is achieved through a voluntary or obligatory public tender. There is no ban on hostile takeovers in France, but they are not typical for this country and…

Luxembourg: Concluding an M&A Deal

Acquiring a company in Luxembourg is governed by the M&A Act & controlled by the CSSF, Luxembourg’s main financial regulator. So, let’s see what other legal prerequisites potential purchasers will have to comply with to…

IP Protection in the Italian Fashion Business

It is worth throwing all doubts aside if you have decided to register a TM in Italy in the fashion industry. It is in Italy, one of the world centers of fashion and luxury goods,…

UAE: Private M&A

Individuals or legal entities considering conducting an M&A transaction in the UAE should keep in mind that such transactions are becoming increasingly complex. Therefore, prior to closing an M&A deal in the UAE they should…

IP in the Italian Fashion Industry

It’s a good idea to register a business in the fashion industry in Italy, the birthplace of designers who have entered the world fashion history. This multicolored market offers an incredible range of companies, from…

Spain: IP Protection in the Fashion Industry

Registering & protecting a fashion brand in Spain helps its owner prevent others from illegally using the original product. So, let’s consider the main points worth keeping in mind when protecting a fashion brand in…

Funds in Japan

Those interested in establishing funds in the state of Japan should keep in mind that such entities are normally structured as mutual trusts. Structuring funds as partnerships tends to attract fewer investors; however, it provides…

Spain: Regulation of the Fashion Industry

Those considering registering a fashion company in Spain should keep in mind that the country’s fashion industry is extremely important for the global fashion market. Many Spanish companies supply goods for major international brands or…

Ireland: Public M&A Deals

Public M&A transactions in Ireland are governed by the M&A Act, which provides for the establishment of the Irish Acquisition Commission & Acquisition Rules. The rules have the force of law, while the Commission has…

M&A in the UAE

The UAE continues to lead the regional market in terms of volume and value, however, the investor confidence in regional private equity firms lowered the past year. Thinking to acquire a company in the United…

Austria: Merger Notice

Conducting an M&A deal in Austria requires prior notification. There’s no legally required deadline for making advance notice; however, since M&A deals mustn’t be concluded before resolution, it’s required that notices be issued well in…

Denmark: Public Mergers and Acquisitions

Company acquisition in the Kingdom of Denmark is a great idea as companies registered in Denmark have direct access to the EU market, which covers over 100 million high net worth consumers. According to EU…

Australia: IP Protection in the Fashion Industry

Fashion designers are constantly striving to come up with fresh & innovative products; however, they aren’t always immune to copying each other’s ideas. Therefore, the industry’s prominent representatives often find themselves asking the question: What…

Some Features of M&A in China

Mergers and acquisitions as one of the areas of business and its capitalization currently do not lose their relevance in the business world. If an individual or a company is willing to initiate an overseas…

Merger Permit in Singapore

Planning to initiate a merger transaction in Singapore? As in any other jurisdiction, it is important to promptly notify government authorities of the transaction. In Singapore, there are no clear deadlines for notification of plans…

EUTM After Brexit

If you already have a business in the EU or just planning to start your own company, the first question to think about is the protection of your trademark as the basis of your business. …

Buying a Company in Switzerland

In this article, we will analyze the regulation of private M&A transactions in Switzerland. Acquisitions of private enterprises in Switzerland can usually be through the purchase of shares or assets. Protectionism of Swiss companies Switzerland…

M&A Regulation in Israel

Acquisitions of private companies in Israel can have a different structure. You can buy shares of the company or its assets. Companies can also make a merger deal. Below, we will describe in more detail…

Legal Framework for Private M&A in Sweden

In this article, we will describe the regulation of private M&A transactions in Sweden. One of the key features of M&A transactions involving private companies, enterprises, or assets in this jurisdiction is contractual freedom which…

Myanmar: Due Diligence in Private M&A

If you are planning a private M&A deal in Myanmar, you should read our selection of materials on this topic. The previous publication covered the general aspects of the regulation of private mergers and acquisitions,…

Private M&A Deals in Singapore

Typically, acquisitions of business in Singapore and assets of private companies are made on the basis of a sale contract. Deals can also be structured in the form of a contractual offer. They may include…

Norway: DD in M&A Transactions

We’ve already covered the specifics of M&A transactions in Norway & importance of DD. Today, we’ll be taking a closer look at the key aspects of DD in M&A deals in Norway & its types….

Canada: Regulation of Company Acquisitions

The previous article outlined the key features to consider when choosing a method of acquiring a public company in Canada. The current blog post provides an explanation of the mergers and acquisitions regulation in this…

Canada: Ways to Acquire a Public Company

Public acquisitions in Canada are a multi-step process. One of its mandatory components is obtaining approval from the holder of the securities, as well as the court. Takeover bids are also a fairly popular way…

Turkey: Regulation of M&A Transactions

M&A deals in the Republic of Turkey are concluded in accordance with the generally accepted international practices. If there’s several potential purchasers, an auction similar to the one held in Great Britain & the US…

Great Britain: Regulation of Private M&A Deals

Planning on conducting an M&A deal in Great Britain? Looking for information on the specifics of M&A regulation in England? Then what follows below will definitely be of interest to you. How Private M&A Transactions…

Caymans: New in Fund Regulation

Planning to start financial activities in the Caymans? This material will help you understand the specifics of fund management in this jurisdiction and get basic information about regulative changes in this area. As strict as…

Private Funds in the Cayman Islands: Recent Regulatory Changes

Following the recent amendments to the Law on Private Funds (PFL), the definition of “private funds” has been significantly broadened. Also, the list of corporate entities that must be registered with CIMA (the local financial…

Turkey: How Registered Trademarks Are Protected

This blog post is dedicated to the peculiarities of trademark registration in Turkey. In this jurisdiction, the main legislation governing trademarks is the Intellectual Property Act. Criminal proceedings for trademark infringement are under the jurisdiction…

South Africa: Private M&A Specifics

When the buyer is reluctant to make a choice about which assets to acquire and which obligations to assume, then such a transaction to acquire a private company in South Africa is structured as a…

Spain: M&A Deals

How do privately-held companies, businesses & assets get bought & sold? The most common way of buying or selling privately-held companies, businesses or assets in Spain involves directly purchasing or selling stakes of companies owning…

UAE: Regulation of Private M&A

Interested in concluding an M&A deal in the UAE? Looking for information on regulation of M&A deals in Dubai? If you are, then what follows below will definitely be of interest to you. UAE: Structure…

South Korea: TM Registration and Protection

If you decide to register a trademark in South Korea, it will be useful for you to learn about some regulative features in this jurisdiction. Due to major changes in the legal framework of South…

Due Diligence in British M&A During COVID-19

Prior to beginning an M&A deal in the UK during the Covid-19 period, it is of paramount importance to conduct due diligence of mergers and acquisitions of British companies. Dramatic changes in the business caused…

Great Britain: Establishing a JV

Establishing a JV in Great Britain is a rather cumbersome process; however, once completed, it provides all its participants with a number of tangible benefits. Of course, there’s disadvantages too (e.g. having to settle financial…

Due Diligence of Technology M&A in Turkey

Billions of dollars are spent annually on technology mergers and acquisitions in Turkey. These deals have many hidden pitfalls, especially those related to the transfer of ownership of technological developments. Therefore, for their own safety,…

Greece: Due Diligence in Private M&A

An important aspect of M&A transactions is due diligence in private M&A in EU countries, which will be discussed in today's blog post. We will dwell in more detail on the peculiarities of due diligence…

UK: Protecting Breeders’ Rights

Having more than 500 horticultural enterprises, Great Britain is an acclaimed leader in the field of horticulture. If you’re an investor contemplating registering a horticultural company in Great Britain, you are likely to encounter a…

Private M&A in Myanmar Issues

Myanmar has got rid of the military dictatorship not long ago and is taking steps to improve legislation to attract foreign investment. For example, the Companies Law has been recently amended, which makes the investment…

Private M&A in Germany

During the economic downturn that occurs in many developed countries due to Covid-19, there is a trend towards an increase in the number of mergers and acquisitions of companies. M&A deals in Germany is also…

JV Setting Up in Thailand

Joint ventures in Thailand most often occur between Thai citizens and foreigners who want to expand the geography of their business and conquer new markets. Joint ventures between Thai and foreign companies are especially popular…

Due Diligence of Techno M&A in Peru

Due to the rapid growth of technology, due diligence of intellectual property has become an integral part of modern M&A transactions. Intellectual property ownership is becoming a key reason to initiate M&A deals in Peru…

Mining Regulations in Tanzania

The Tanzanian Ministry for Mineral Resources is the sole regulator of all mining-related activities in Tanzania. There is a special commission charged with issuing licenses authorizing extraction of precious metals in Tanzania. Though it is…

Jersey Private Funds

A special fund regulation regime implemented by the JFSC has been in place in Jersey for more than three years now. If you’re interested in setting up a JPF in Jersey, you should keep in…

Trademarks & E-Signatures

The coronavirus pandemic is making European companies face new & unexpected challenges, one of which includes affixing signatures to documents. Modern technology makes it possible to quickly switch to remote work; however, remotely signing documents…

India: DD of Private M&A Transactions

Private M&A deals in India are primarily used by companies looking to expand the scope of their operations & penetrate new markets. Acquiring private companies in India implies that each acquired business maintains its corporate…

UAE: Establishment of Funds

The UAE is known for having some the most favorable conditions for doing business in the entire Middle East region. However, entrepreneurs wishing to embark on financial activities in Dubai should have a sound grasp…

Ecuador: M&A Legislation

All those planning on concluding an M&A deal in Ecuador should keep in mind the recently introduced procedure which significantly speeds up the M&A process. Let’s have a closer look at the key aspects of…

IP Protection in the Socialist Republic of Vietnam

IPR legislation in Vietnam is being constantly updated & refined. Therefore, foreign investors seeking to have IP rights registered in Vietnam should know what legal resources they have at their disposal if their IP rights…

South Korea: Joint Ventures

Contemplating investing in South Korea? If you are, then you should know that FDI in South Korea is encouraged by the government. Following ratification of the FTA, the South Korean authorities have significantly expanded cooperation…

Finland: Due Diligence in Private M&A

Today's article examines the features of due diligence in the context of private M&A in Finland. Who can do due diligence in Finland? If you are planning to acquire a company in Finland, then you…

Netherlands: Due Diligence in Private M&A

This blog post is dedicated to the details of due diligence in private M&A deals for Dutch companies. Company transparency can have a very important impact on its cost. In the Netherlands, business transparency is…

France: Due Diligence in Techno M&A

M&A transactions in the EU and other jurisdictions are usually accompanied by due diligence of the company that is the subject of the agreement. This blog post describes the specifics of legal due diligence in…

India: Due Diligence in Technological M&A

This post focuses on the emerging peculiarities of M&A and will help you understand the intricacies of due diligence for technology mergers and acquisitions in India. In this country, as in many others, the past…

Spain: IPR Protection

Foreign investors seeking to start a business in Spain should keep in mind that carrying out economic activities in this country requires licensing. That, in particular, applies to obtaining IPR protection in Spain.  Spain: Patent…

Dutch M&A Regulation

A distinctive feature of the Netherlands has always been a comfortable business environment, openness to innovation, and a favorable investment climate. Another compelling advantage is the ease of entry into the EU market, which is…

Montenegro: Specifics of TM Regulation

We’ve already covered the key features of registering a trademark in Montenegro, including issues encountered by entrepreneurs when resolving TM disputes. However, starting a business in this country requires being aware of the general aspects…

Portugal: Concluding M&A Deals

Structured similarly to the US & Great Britain, M&A transactions in Portugal involve four basic steps, such as: buying assets of companies in Portugal; conducting transactions with shares; conducting M&A transactions in Portugal. transferring a…

Sweden: M&A Regulation

The Kingdom of Sweden ranks high on the list of countries with the most favorable conditions for doing business. And one of the reasons for this is, undoubtedly, Swedish laws. In fact, M&A regulation in…

Macau TM Licensing and Dispute Resolution

Planning to start a business in Macau and register a trademark? It is worth investigating in advance the issues of trademark regulation in the selected jurisdiction. It will also be helpful to preliminarily familiarize yourself…

ТМ Protection in Macau

To get trademark protection in Macau, a brand must necessarily be registered locally. This article provides information on the specifics of TM regulation in this jurisdiction, so if you intend to start a business in…

Belgium: DD of Private M&A Deals

When it comes to M&A transactions in the EU, DD is the first thing potential purchasers should keep in mind. So, let’s see what DD of M&A transactions in Belgium is all about & what…

M&A Deals in the Kingdom of Norway

Selling & acquiring businesses (or assets) in the Kingdom of Norway is usually preceded by the signing of SPA agreements. If target companies have several owners, each of whom owns a minority stake in them,…

Czech Republic: DD of Technological M&A Deals

Planning on acquiring a business in the Czech Republic but don’t know where to start? Actually, it’s DD of M&A transactions in the Czech Republic that you should be considering first. So why not take…

Why Does Starting a Business in Singapore Make Sense?

Doing business in Asia can be thought of as a shortcut to entering new markets. The reason why international companies & investors prefer to register a company in Hong Kong is because that provides them…

How to Register a TM in Croatia

Registration of a trademark provides legal protection for a brand, which is especially important when entering new markets. If you intend to start a business in the EU, it is worthwhile to study the requirements…

DD in Austria

Performing DD in Austria  Buying a business in Austria usually involves dealing with a number of operational, tax & legal issues. Success or failure of DD may depend on an industry a company is operating…

Grounds for Revoking a TM in the EU

There’s been a lot of controversy lately over whether an EU-registered trademark can be invalidated due to the specifications of services/goods not being sufficiently clear or accurate. If you’re planning on registering a trademark in…

Due Diligence of Technology M&A Deals in Belgium

Today, the largest number of M&A deals take place in the financial, consumer and technology sectors. At the same time, the introduction of technologies and innovations in other areas is growing exponentially (fintech, agrotech, etc.),…

Brazil: PEF Regulation

Having a sufficiently developed economy, Brazil has long been a magnet for foreign investors. So, let’s have a look at the key legal requirements potential investors will have to meet to open a business in…

Fund Types in Germany

Recently, Germany’s government has released a statement saying that the investment market in the country is developing at a staggering pace. Pursuant to the report published by the Federal Statistics Office, the amount of foreign…

Establishing a PE Fund in Egypt

Private equity funds are pools of capital to invest in companies for a high rate of return. In recent years, PE firms have pocketed huge—and controversial—sums, while stalking ever larger acquisition targets.  PE funds in…

Recent Trends in the Canadian M&A Market

Despite instability in the domestic & international markets, M&A deals in Canada are being concluded on an even bigger scale than before. And the signing of the NAFTA agreement has given this trend renewed impetus. …

US Joint Venture Creation and Management Issues

Joint ventures are an important area of ​​corporate strategy, whether in exploring and conquering new markets and generating the benefits or costs of developing innovative technologies.  When expanding business, a joint venture deal in America…

IP Protection Issues in Vietnam

Considering the attractive investment market of Vietnam, entrepreneurs should first of all seriously consider the issue of intellectual property rights protection, as cases of IP infringement in Vietnam are not uncommon. If you intend to…

UK’s Cross-Border Information Sharing Guide

The UK recently released a concise guide to cross-border communication within corporations. If you intend to establish a company in the UK please note that the guide contains guidelines that may be helpful to corporations…

How JVs are regulated in Saudi Arabia

Thinking about starting a business in Saudi Arabia? Want to know about the legal issues involved with establishing & managing JVs in the KSA? Have a look at our article – perhaps, you’ll find the…

Canada: TM regulation

Brand protection is no trifling matter, and as such, should be approached very responsibly. What should be kept in mind here is that each jurisdiction has its own requirements & regulations regarding registration of trademarks….

When Pandemic Ends: M&A in Singapore

The coronavirus pandemic in the world may end in December 2020. This is evidenced by the research of scientists from the Singapore University of Technology and Design. Although no one can make accurate forecasts, statements…

The Philippines Welcome Islamic Finance

Islamic banks and investment funds are mainly concentrated in the Middle East, the Persian Gulf and Malaysia. However, they’ve been long drawing interest from different countries due to the massive liquidity. Their total assets are…

Standards of Commercial Conduct While Registering TM

EU courts have recently begun to show great concern about dishonesty in registering trademarks in the European member states. What is unfair behavior in this case? Case law makes it clear that it is a…

How World-Famous Brands Are Illegally Used

How to deal with the violation of international trademark rights? In this article, we will analyze the illegal use of an international trademark as an example of a specific case in India. If you plan…

IP Rights Protection: How Amazon Beat Coty

There have been some new developments in a high-profile IP rights dispute involving Coty Germany GmbH & Amazon. If by some chance you haven’t been following it, let us give you a quick rundown: Coty,…

Registering TM in Mozambique Will Be Easier

Mozambique will join the ARIPO (African Regional Intellectual Property Organization) system for trademarks and intends to implement the Banjul Protocol. This news was surprising to many despite the fact that the country has long been…

How to Buy TM at Auction

If you decide to start a business in the UK or the EU and purchase an already registered trademark at an auction, this material will be in handy for you.  Purchasing TM in the EU,…

How to Retain Control Over the Use of Names as Brands

People renowned in the world of art or sports, as well as personal brands on social networks are not always aware of the importance of registering their names as a trademark in relation to goods…

Licensing & Protection of Registered Trademarks in Israel

Licensing of registered trademarks in Israel requires verification of a license & its registration in the respective register. Registering a license in Israel is mandatory. It should be kept in mind that using unregistered trademarks…

Brand Protection

Due to the changing consumer behaviours & increased activity of counterfeiters, brand owners worldwide are now facing hitherto unheard of challenges. In this article, we’ll be taking a look at how owners of brands can…

Protecting a Brand – Why is it so Important Now?

Given an increase in online shopping, ever-evolving consumer behaviours & changes in the way products are being bought online, owners of brands worldwide are now facing hitherto unseen & bigger challenges. And topping that list…

Why is it Important to Register an International Brand During the COVID-19 Pandemic?

The COVID-19 pandemic has changed the world in many ways. Some of these changes, such as restrictions on the movement of people, will be short-term, while others will, most likely, be more fundamental & affect…

Blockchain Technology in Shipping

Digitization is the main driver of change in today’s world. In not too distant future, it will cause many industries, including the shipping one, to undergo major transformations. Right now, we are witnessing breathtaking developments…

Thailand: Establishing a Joint Venture

A joint venture in Thailand is not recognized as a separate type of legal entity in accordance with Thai corporate laws. In fact, joint venture is seen as joint activities between two or more business…

How the COVID-19 Pandemic Impacted Startups in India

The coronavirus pandemic adversely affected the entire investment sector in India, but it is the startups that ended up being the hardest hit. The majority of them are experiencing a decline in demand that hasn’t…

How to Move Business from Cyprus to Another Jurisdiction

When entrepreneurs are asked why they have set up a company in Cyprus, the typical answer is that it is warm here and all operations are carried out strictly according to the law. However, the…

Trademarking Designs in the EU

The recent decision of the EU Court of Justice (the CJEU) in the Gömböc case has shed some light on certain legal aspects of trademark protection in the EU. By analyzing the decision, we’ll try…

M&A Features in Malta

Malta has established itself as a competitive platform for M&A transactions, which creates many new opportunities for ambitious entrepreneurs.  At the international level, M&A deals in Malta involve financial companies, pharmaceuticals, real estate, and telecommunications….

Proof of Use of TM in the European Union

This article addresses the issues of trademark registration in the EU and the UK, in particular, the nuances that may arise after the registration is canceled. In a recent case, the issue of whether it…

Combating Violations in Cross Border E-Trade in China

Paradoxically, the COVID-19 pandemic has given a powerful boost to e-trade worldwide, generating demand for products & services that few people could imagine several months ago. Need legal advice on customs regulations in China? Considering…

Why Your Business Needs A Shareholders Agreement

In countries with a common law system, it is almost impossible to imagine a successful business without concluding a shareholders agreement, also known as corporate agreement. This document details all the rights and obligations of…

Managing IP Risks

Business management during crises requires careful risk management. In addition to the risks associated with labor & environmental protection, risks associated with IP rights violation pose a direct threat to businesses unless they are timely…

IP Rights Transfer During M&A Transactions in the UK

Mergers and acquisitions in the UK have their own characteristics. In this review, we will analyze how M&A transactions affect the transfer of intellectual property rights, as well as why it is important to conduct…

Regulation of M&A transactions in Egypt

Most foreign companies operating in Egypt are joint-stock or limited liability companies. There are also sole proprietorships but they are less common. Egyptian private company sales transactions are structured in accordance with the Companies Act…

Registering a Trademark in Vietnam

To be able to do business & protect your rights in Vietnam, you must register a trademark in Vietnam. This article will provide you with important information on registering a trademark in Vietnam & give…

Regulatory Aspects of Mining in Senegal

Opening a mining company in Senegal requires having mining rights in Africa. Such rights may include the following: Applying for Exploration Permit in Senegal Any legal entity can obtain permission for mineral exploration in Senegal,…

Mining in the Republic of Ghana

Regulatory Framework Extracting minerals in the Republic of Ghana is regulated by both legislative & constitutional acts. Under the constitution of Ghana, all transactions, contracts & obligations connected to exploration & production of mineral resources…

Franchising in Holland

Recent years have seen a genuine boom in Holland’s franchise sector. One of the most popular franchising areas is retail where fast food franchises have been mushrooming at a staggering rate. One of the advantages…

Private Company Director Responsibilities

An entrepreneur who has made a firm decision to register a company, create a holding or establish a charity foundation should clearly understand the functions of a director in a future organization. This article focuses…

IP Due Diligence in the UK

Today, regardless of whether you intend to start a business in England or are already a multi-billion dollar company, intellectual property (IP) is often one of the most important assets of a company. While IP…

How to establish a private fund in the USA?

Private funds are not created to invest in certain financial instruments. The founder transfers the capital to a private fund so that the council of the fund manages this capital and distributes the income to…

Family Office Investments Using Private Funds

Today, many wealthy families are thinking about creating their own family office, which would competently and centrally deal with family affairs.  The focus of any family office is preserving capital from generation to generation, that…

Offshore Funds in the Caymans

Planning on creating investment funds in the Caymans? If so, then you should know that doing so requires being up to date on the recent developments in the structure of offshore funds in the this…

Adaptive M&A in Dominicana

For several years now, on the global technology market, there has been a desire to take advantage of the emergence of revolutionary technological innovations and stimulate the introduction of innovative solutions in various industries. These…

Estimating a Foreign Company’s Value

Determining a correlation between the value & location of an asset is what makes asset assessment so challenging. Assessing country risk provides an accurate picture of how operating an asset in this or that country…

Protecting IP Rights and Know-How for Startups: 5 Key Points to Keep in MInd

The diversity of innovative ideas and business concepts at this year's Digital Top 50 awards was absolutely impressive. This is yet another reminder that intangible assets for startups, especially those of them that operate in…

Joint Ventures in Holland

Being one of Europe’s most developed states, Holland draws crowds of entrepreneurs interested in doing business here. One way of realizing their ambition lies in establishing a JV with a company in Holland.  This article…

Establishing AIF in Liechtenstein for Crypto Assets

The Principality of Liechtenstein is particularly appealing for investors for a number of reasons. Some of them include: Liberal regulatory framework Streamlined taxation Protection of sensitive data Access to Europe (EU / EEA) due to…

Benefits of Having a Shareholder Agreement

The company’s charter is a document establishing the rules governing the internal affairs of the company. As a rule, such a document is a mandatory requirement for registering a company in England or any other…

PEF in the People’s Republic of China

In the People’s Republic of China (with the exception of Macau & Hong Kong) PEFs are usually established as LPs. Registering PEFs in the People’s Republic of China implies a CIS which is managed by…

Law

What Is Alternative Investment Fund?

The main business task of an investment fund is to effectively invest money to achieve a specific commercial goal. An alternative investment fund has a number of regulatory, organizational and tax advantages. Registration of an…

Pharmaceuticals: Register On Time To Protect Your Trademark

Due to the lack of knowledge of European trademark registration laws, pharmaceutical companies often fall into disrepute. If a pharmaceutical company intends to register a trademark in the European Union, then they should carefully study…

What is the Technology Act?

In their day-to-day operation, technology companies often encounter multiple problems. Modern technology is constantly evolving and these changes can lead to all kinds of misuses, including misuse of IP rights. The Technology Act is there…

Acquisitions & Mergers Explained

An M&A deal is all about two, three or more companies consolidating to form a new entity. Typically, it involves numerous components, including corporate finance & asset purchases, that simplify this process. A merger is…

Law

Obtaining a Freight Forwarding License in Germany – How Shipping & Forwarding Works in the EU

The shipping & forwarding industry in the EU is booming which is why quite a few entrepreneurs are considering opening a freight forwarding business in this jurisdiction. However, starting a shipping & forwarding company requires…

Invest in ICO? Learn How to Conduct a Security Check First

Today, huge numbers of people are wishing to register a company under ICO, as well as obtain a license for cryptocurrencies. This number has reached almost a record level thanks to the active assistance of…

Japan: Attracting Innovations and Protecting IP

The Japanese share in the global market for innovative technologies is increasing not only due to its own unique technical solutions, but also due to the utilization of foreign inventions and other IP objects by…

Managing Assets & Investment-Oriented Funds in the European Union

Those seeking to obtain an AIFM license or establish an UCITS in the EU should keep in mind that ESMA has recently updated its AIFs & UCITS regulations. Meant to harmonize ways in which managers…

Self Defense Techniques: How Startups Protect Intellectual Property in Ireland

Intellectual property is the result of mental labor. The product of intellectual labor is very simple to steal and take advantage of. Especially if the creator did not bother to protect intellectual property rights on…

Registering a Financial Company in the Commonwealth of Australia

Being Australia’s major regulator of financial services, ASIC is charged with ensuring abidance by rules & regulations in the corporate & consumer sectors. It is also responsible for protecting consumers’ rights and overseeing the integrity…

Creating of a Joint Venture in a Crisis

Companies and investors are increasingly going beyond traditional models and strategies when conducting mergers and acquisitions. Registering a joint venture, therefore, may be one way of achieving their short-term & long-term goals. It provides them…

Registering Companies in Singapore

There are several different ways in which companies could get registered in Singapore. They include: Individual entrepreneurship. Copartnership. Company. LPs. LLPs. Trusts. Pros & Cons of Registering Sole Proprietorships in Singapore The pros include: Very…

What does it mean to be a «foreign public investor» in Australia?

Demand for fertile Australian land and other assets has remained high for many years and is not expected to slow down neither by foreign public investors nor by private companies. And this despite doubling taxes…

The New Singapore Variable Capital Company (VCC)

Legislative groundwork for the functioning of VCCs in Singapore was laid in 2018. Back then, a special piece of legislation was passed called the VCC Act. Meant to stimulate investment, it was also aimed at…

Legislative Framework Governing Trade Secrets in Malta

The recent legislative changes in Malta have simplified procedure for registering sensitive trade data, providing both domestic and non-domestic businesses with an opportunity to take advantage of more effective data protection regulations. Having trouble defining…

Setting up a Trust in Great Britain

If you’ve ever been involved in registering a trust company in Great Britain, you know that this can be a complicated process. Lack of familiarity with the legal framework and legal terminology may further complicate…

Small and Medium Enterprise in the UAE

Because of its contribution to the growth and diversification of the UAE’s economy, registering SMEs in the UAE was and still is a top priority for its government. To ensure further development of SMEs, it…

Investing in JPFs & Family Offices

In this article we will be discussing different ways of investing in JPFs & family offices, as well as how investments like these can be structured. We’ll also be looking into how the JPF regimen…

How to Open a Direct Investment Fund in the British Virgin Islands?

Before 2018, a legal entity could easily open a direct investment fund in the British Virgin Islands (BVI) without a direct presence, that is, without the need to physically register a company there. However, times…

Registering and Licensing a PEF in the BVI

The primary regulatory framework for funds in the BVI centers around SIBA. The latter, in its turn, gets monitored by another financial regulator – the FSC. There is also a whole network of regulations that…

Long Live the Bitcoin! Virtual Currencies Gain Popularity in the UK

In this article, we will try to figure out what causes a stunning and constantly growing interest in virtual currencies, in particular, Bitcoin, and why registering a company for working with cryptocurrency is now gaining…

Legal Framework Governing Cryptocurrencies in Austria

Unlike conventional currency exchanges, cryptocurrency exchanges are decentralized, which is why governments or banking institutions are unable to exercise control over their transactions or act as intermediaries. Everyone who is somehow involved with cryptocurrencies or…

Umbrella Fund in the EU – Cyprus Preference

Cyprus has a favourable environment for opening an umbrella fund in the European Union. In order to set up an umbrella fund in Cyprus (RAIF) you don’t need any specialized license. Such funds are supervised…

Setting up a Charity Fund in 2020

Establishing a charity fund or organization requires figuring out which legal structure such an entity will have. To be able to do so, the organization is to come up with a document called ‘directive’ which…

Use and Registration of Trademarks

The Madrid system operates in accordance with the Madrid Agreement and the Protocol of the Madrid Agreement. The Madrid system includes 104 members, representing 120 countries. If you need to register your trademark internationally, please…

Forms of Business Organizations

Business activity can be carried out either with the formation of a legal entity or without such formation. There are three major types of businesses in the world: Manufacturing business; Merchandizing business; Service business If…

International Trade Law: Need Help?

International commercial (trade) law is not a separate legal system, branch or sub-branch of international law. It is rather a comprehensive legal concept that includes the norms and provisions of different international regulations, treaties, conventions…

U.S. Incorporation

Nowadays the following basic organizational and legal forms of companies are among the most common ones in the United States: Sole proprietorship; Partnerships; Corporations; Limited liability companies (LLC) Sole Proprietorship As in most other countries…

How to incorporate a company. Main provisions for businessmen in the UK

The investment climate in UK is known to be very auspicious and attractive for investors of various industries. According to the records, over 5,7 million private entrepreneurs running their business in the country. However, some…

Trademark Law revision: New remedies for counterfeiters

China Trademark office held consultations for the adding amendments to the Trademark Law at the start of 2018. National and international experts received three months for submission of the fourth revision. At this time China…

Trademark Registration in Saudi Arabia

In its continuous efforts to protect intellectual property, especially trademarks, KSA adopted the Gulf Cooperation Council Trademark Law. This law states a set of provisions are equally applied across all the Gulf countries regarding the…

Trademark Registration, Patent, Software and Data Protection Consultancy Services

Why do you need to register your trademark? We would like to remind you that registration of your trademark is some sort of protection against unfair competition. There is no guarantee that another company will…

Selection and Registration of Legal Forms of Business Organization

Despite some commonalities, the legal forms and traditional structures of organizations in different states may differ. Therefore, when choosing a jurisdiction where you plan to register an enterprise, you need to be aware of the…

Company Formation and Business Setup Services

Free enterprise is characterized by the indispensable presence of the innovation moment, such as, the production of a new product, the changing of activity profile, the establishment of a new enterprise, the implementation of new…

Incorporation Services

The most common way of doing business around the world is the incorporation of a company. Incorporation is known as a legal process used to form a corporate entity that varies from one country or…

Company Registration

It has long been known that the development of private entrepreneurship is an arduous process that requires perseverance, financial investment, professional knowledge and technical skills. One of the main constraints that create difficulties for the…