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Spain: Licensing

Starting a business in Spain requires obtaining special permits & going through a verification process. Let’s see what other requirements potential investors will have to comply with to be able to obtain a business license…

Montenegro: Specifics of TM Regulation

We’ve already covered the key features of registering a trademark in Montenegro, including issues encountered by entrepreneurs when resolving TM disputes. However, starting a business in this country requires being aware of the general aspects…

UAE: Effective Arbitration

The effectiveness of decision enforcement is one of the key criteria when choosing a dispute resolution procedure in the UAE. The recently adopted new law on arbitration in this jurisdiction further simplifies and systematizes this…

Portugal: Concluding M&A Deals

Structured similarly to the US & Great Britain, M&A transactions in Portugal involve four basic steps, such as: buying assets of companies in Portugal; conducting transactions with shares; conducting M&A transactions in Portugal. transferring a…

Sweden: M&A Regulation

The Kingdom of Sweden ranks high on the list of countries with the most favorable conditions for doing business. And one of the reasons for this is, undoubtedly, Swedish laws. In fact, M&A regulation in…

Malta: TM Dispute Resolution

A big surprise for an entrepreneur may be the rejection of an application for TM registration. This is unpleasant and frustrating, but you can argue with this decision. In this blog post, we provide a…

New in Fintech Regulation in India

If you intend to register a Fintech company in India, this material may be in handy to you, as it addresses new regulatory issues in this country. In recent years, the merger of finance and…

Panama: Convenient and Inexpensive Arbitration Platform

Agreeing on a convenient place for arbitration for both parties is a sort of art. A neutral arbitration location has to be chosen assuming the parties have equal bargaining power. The choice depends to a…

Great Britain: Regulation of Arbitration Clauses

Arbitration in Great Britain is used as an effective way of resolving disputes. However, to make this process as smooth & hassle-free as possible, parties negotiating a deal should pay special attention to reservations they…

Netherlands: Arbitration Clause in Emails

Looking to start an arbitration in the Netherlands? If you are, then what follows below will certainly be of interest to you. We’re going to describe to you the specifics of dispute settlement in the…

Macau TM Licensing and Dispute Resolution

Planning to start a business in Macau and register a trademark? It is worth investigating in advance the issues of trademark regulation in the selected jurisdiction. It will also be helpful to preliminarily familiarize yourself…

ТМ Protection in Macau

To get trademark protection in Macau, a brand must necessarily be registered locally. This article provides information on the specifics of TM regulation in this jurisdiction, so if you intend to start a business in…

Belgium: DD of Private M&A Deals

When it comes to M&A transactions in the EU, DD is the first thing potential purchasers should keep in mind. So, let’s see what DD of M&A transactions in Belgium is all about & what…

M&A Deals in the Kingdom of Norway

Selling & acquiring businesses (or assets) in the Kingdom of Norway is usually preceded by the signing of SPA agreements. If target companies have several owners, each of whom owns a minority stake in them,…

Czech Republic: DD of Technological M&A Deals

Planning on acquiring a business in the Czech Republic but don’t know where to start? Actually, it’s DD of M&A transactions in the Czech Republic that you should be considering first. So why not take…

Crypto-Asset Litigation

If you intend to start crypto activities in the EU, UK, or USA, it should be borne in mind that cases of manipulation and fraudulent schemes using crypto assets have become more frequent these days….

New Zealand’s Fintech Regulation

Thanks to comprehensive government support, New Zealand’s fintech sector is developing at a rapid pace. Considering starting a business in New Zealand & looking for information on the key aspects of New Zealand’s fintech regulation?…

India: Remote Dispute Resolution

We’ve already covered general provisions related to dispute resolution in India. In this piece we’ll be reviewing changes in Indian dispute resolution procedures that have recently been introduced due to the coronavirus pandemic. Using Modern…

Mediation & Social Distancing

The ongoing coronavirus pandemic is causing people to be more careful about having face-to-face meetings. However, disputes are continuing to arise, and ADR methods, such as online mediation, may prove to be an effective tool…

Сan an Arbitral Award Be Annuled?

The answer to this question is ‘yes’ despite the general principle that decisions made in the dispute settlement process through arbitration are considered final and should not undergo any substantive revision. Arbitration proceedings all over…

Arbitral Awards in Japan

We’ve already covered the main aspects of arbitration regulation in Japan. In this piece, we’ll be looking into the enforcement & challenging of arbitral awards in this jurisdiction. Correction & Interpretation If you intend to…

Hungary: Challenging & Executing Arbitral Awards

We have already covered arbitration regulation in Hungary & requirements for initiating arbitral proceedings in this jurisdiction. In this piece, we’ll be looking into the execution & challenging of arbitration awards in Hungary. Interpreting Decisions…

Why Does Starting a Business in Singapore Make Sense?

Doing business in Asia can be thought of as a shortcut to entering new markets. The reason why international companies & investors prefer to register a company in Hong Kong is because that provides them…

Grounds for Annulment of Arbitral Awards

Registration of a trademark provides legal protection for a brand, which is especially important when entering new markets. If you intend to start a business in the EU, it is worthwhile to study the requirements…

DD in Austria

Performing DD in Austria  Buying a business in Austria usually involves dealing with a number of operational, tax & legal issues. Success or failure of DD may depend on an industry a company is operating…

Overview of Changes in Fintech Regulation in Malta & the EU

The EU & Malta are expending a great deal of effort to achieve their main goal, which is to become undisputed fintech leaders. If you’re a foreign investor, establishing a fintech company in the EU…

Arbitration & Mediation: Why Singapore?

Following SIMC launching, companies & individuals seeking to settle disputes via mediation in Singapore should take care of renegotiating their contracts. What makes Singapore the number one site for international arbitration is that it meets…

Remote Dispute Resolution During COVID-19

Measures to protect people from the virus are justified, but they only exacerbate the negative consequences for businesses, which are already assessing serious damage. With businesses focused on getting back to normal operations as soon…

Grounds for Revoking a TM in the EU

There’s been a lot of controversy lately over whether an EU-registered trademark can be invalidated due to the specifications of services/goods not being sufficiently clear or accurate. If you’re planning on registering a trademark in…

Licensing in New Zealand

Nowadays, profit can be made not only from the sale of goods or services under a well-known brand, but also by allowing other market players to use the trademark through licensing. That is why licensing…

Due Diligence of Technology M&A Deals in Belgium

Today, the largest number of M&A deals take place in the financial, consumer and technology sectors. At the same time, the introduction of technologies and innovations in other areas is growing exponentially (fintech, agrotech, etc.),…

Arbitration in the SAR

Interested in regulation of arbitration proceedings in South Africa? Want to know more about the main requirements for settling disputes through arbitration in the SAR? Then this article is definitely for you. Resolving International Disputes…

Brazil: PEF Regulation

Having a sufficiently developed economy, Brazil has long been a magnet for foreign investors. So, let’s have a look at the key legal requirements potential investors will have to meet to open a business in…

Preparing a Business for Sale

You have been working hard to make your business a success, haven’t you? But what should you do to maximize its value? In fact, selling a business requires one to comply with some basic requirements,…

Fund Types in Germany

Recently, Germany’s government has released a statement saying that the investment market in the country is developing at a staggering pace. Pursuant to the report published by the Federal Statistics Office, the amount of foreign…

Establishing a PE Fund in Egypt

Private equity funds are pools of capital to invest in companies for a high rate of return. In recent years, PE firms have pocketed huge—and controversial—sums, while stalking ever larger acquisition targets.  PE funds in…

Fintech Regulation in Vietnam

Fintech has been behind explosive growth in a whole range of financial services lately. However, areas where fintech is causing massive changes aren’t really numerous: the bulk of the financing (nearly 100%) goes to the…

Recent Trends in the Canadian M&A Market

Despite instability in the domestic & international markets, M&A deals in Canada are being concluded on an even bigger scale than before. And the signing of the NAFTA agreement has given this trend renewed impetus. …

French Specifics of Licensing

Foreign investors who are willing to develop a business in France must first obtain special licenses in France. These licenses are mainly related to the protection of intellectual property rights. At the same time, individual…

US Joint Venture Creation and Management Issues

Joint ventures are an important area of ​​corporate strategy, whether in exploring and conquering new markets and generating the benefits or costs of developing innovative technologies.  When expanding business, a joint venture deal in America…

Arbitration in Panama

Looking for information on arbitration in Panama? Want to know what arbitration laws the country has? Considering resolving a dispute in Panama? If you’re interested in getting answers to all these questions, then you’re in…

Philippines: Arbitration During the Coronavirus Pandemic

The coronavirus pandemic & ensuing nationwide quarantine has rendered the holding of arbitration proceedings in the Philippines impossible. Therefore, local arbitral tribunals are now looking for alternative ways of resolving disputes, and conducting virtual hearings…

IP Protection Issues in Vietnam

Considering the attractive investment market of Vietnam, entrepreneurs should first of all seriously consider the issue of intellectual property rights protection, as cases of IP infringement in Vietnam are not uncommon. If you intend to…

UK’s Cross-Border Information Sharing Guide

The UK recently released a concise guide to cross-border communication within corporations. If you intend to establish a company in the UK please note that the guide contains guidelines that may be helpful to corporations…

How JVs are regulated in Saudi Arabia

Thinking about starting a business in Saudi Arabia? Want to know about the legal issues involved with establishing & managing JVs in the KSA? Have a look at our article – perhaps, you’ll find the…

Canada: TM regulation

Brand protection is no trifling matter, and as such, should be approached very responsibly. What should be kept in mind here is that each jurisdiction has its own requirements & regulations regarding registration of trademarks….

When Pandemic Ends: M&A in Singapore

The coronavirus pandemic in the world may end in December 2020. This is evidenced by the research of scientists from the Singapore University of Technology and Design. Although no one can make accurate forecasts, statements…

The Philippines Welcome Islamic Finance

Islamic banks and investment funds are mainly concentrated in the Middle East, the Persian Gulf and Malaysia. However, they’ve been long drawing interest from different countries due to the massive liquidity. Their total assets are…

E-Mediation: 10 Tips

With the coronavirus pandemic showing no signs of letting up, in-person mediations are rapidly giving way to remote ones. Some entrepreneurs have quickly adapted to the new reality & are feeling quite comfortable resolving disputes…

Canada: Arbitration Rules

According to the Canadian Constitution, each of the ten provinces of this federal state can independently regulate the dispute resolution through arbitration in Canada. In this country, which is considered one of the world leaders…

Mediation: ‘Ecological’ Method to Resolve Commercial Disputes

There is such an entrepreneurial joke that if there is no conflict in your business life – check if you have a pulse. If a dispute between companies has occurred, how to get out of…

Licensing

You are no doubt aware of the fact that being involved in different types of financial activities requires getting a license, now are you? The list of those activities is quite long but it is…

Arbitration in Germany

Can Arbitration Tribunals Correct or Interpret Awards in Germany on Their Own or at the Parties’ Request? Are There Any Deadlines? Parties involved in settling a dispute through arbitration in Germany can request that any…

Standards of Commercial Conduct While Registering TM

EU courts have recently begun to show great concern about dishonesty in registering trademarks in the European member states. What is unfair behavior in this case? Case law makes it clear that it is a…

The First Crypto-Dispute in Malaysia

If you are interested in registering a crypto business in Malaysia, it is important to know that since the launch of bitcoin in 2009, a lot of different cryptocurrencies have appeared. The most popular of…

How World-Famous Brands Are Illegally Used

How to deal with the violation of international trademark rights? In this article, we will analyze the illegal use of an international trademark as an example of a specific case in India. If you plan…

IP Rights Protection: How Amazon Beat Coty

There have been some new developments in a high-profile IP rights dispute involving Coty Germany GmbH & Amazon. If by some chance you haven’t been following it, let us give you a quick rundown: Coty,…

Arbitration Legislation in the Kingdom of Norway

Those considering filing for arbitration in the Kingdom of Norway should keep in mind that the legal basis for arbitration in this country is laid down in the Law on Arbitration. It applies to resolving…

Registering TM in Mozambique Will Be Easier

Mozambique will join the ARIPO (African Regional Intellectual Property Organization) system for trademarks and intends to implement the Banjul Protocol. This news was surprising to many despite the fact that the country has long been…

How to Buy TM at Auction

If you decide to start a business in the UK or the EU and purchase an already registered trademark at an auction, this material will be in handy for you.  Purchasing TM in the EU,…

How to Retain Control Over the Use of Names as Brands

People renowned in the world of art or sports, as well as personal brands on social networks are not always aware of the importance of registering their names as a trademark in relation to goods…

Licensing & Protection of Registered Trademarks in Israel

Licensing of registered trademarks in Israel requires verification of a license & its registration in the respective register. Registering a license in Israel is mandatory. It should be kept in mind that using unregistered trademarks…

Arbitration – Mediation – Arbitration

As of now, the Singapore Convention has only been ratified by a handful of countries. However, once it is ratified by an overwhelming number of states, mediation will become a fully legitimate way of resolving…

Cyprus: Crypto-Assets Regulation

Global practice doesn’t provide a single answer to the question of how crypto-assets and other rights in the field of digital technologies and distributed registries should be regulated. Many governments are concerned about regulatory issues…

Brand Protection

Due to the changing consumer behaviours & increased activity of counterfeiters, brand owners worldwide are now facing hitherto unheard of challenges. In this article, we’ll be taking a look at how owners of brands can…

Protecting a Brand – Why is it so Important Now?

Given an increase in online shopping, ever-evolving consumer behaviours & changes in the way products are being bought online, owners of brands worldwide are now facing hitherto unseen & bigger challenges. And topping that list…

Why is it Important to Register an International Brand During the COVID-19 Pandemic?

The COVID-19 pandemic has changed the world in many ways. Some of these changes, such as restrictions on the movement of people, will be short-term, while others will, most likely, be more fundamental & affect…

Updated Crowdfunding Regulation in Nigeria

The US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has recently released and made public the new Crowdfunding Rules. It is assumed that now crowdfunding platforms in the United States, as well as located on the territory…

Blockchain Technology in Shipping

Digitization is the main driver of change in today’s world. In not too distant future, it will cause many industries, including the shipping one, to undergo major transformations. Right now, we are witnessing breathtaking developments…

FDI in Canada

FDI in Canada is absolutely vital for the country’s prosperity; however complying with FDI regulation in Canada is not without its pitfalls & can, therefore, be quite a challenge. So, let’s take a closer look…

Using Smart Contracts for Dispute Resolution

Using traditional methods to resolve construction disputes is an invariably long & costly process. What’s more, legal costs may end up being disproportionate to the sum of the award received. Therefore, it is hardly a…

Blockchain & Smart Contracts: 5 Things to Remember

Everyone who has at least some basic idea of what blockchain and cryptocurrencies are is bound to have heard about smart contracts. Given the increasing number of entrepreneurs seeking to register a cryptocurrency company, concluding…

Thailand: Establishing a Joint Venture

A joint venture in Thailand is not recognized as a separate type of legal entity in accordance with Thai corporate laws. In fact, joint venture is seen as joint activities between two or more business…

Arbitration: Protecting Confidentiality of Information

Preventing data from being leaked or unintentionally disclosed during arbitration is the number one priority for arbitrators worldwide. Therefore, arbitrators or mediators are doing their best to ensure that confidentiality of the parties’ information is…

Concluding M&A Deals in Hong Kong

Usually, acquiring businesses in HK SAR requires concluding a contract for the sale of a company or assets. Non-public companies can also be purchased through signing an agreement, provided it is done according to the…

How to protect your TM in the EU

After filing an application for registration of a trademark in the EU, an examination procedure is carried out with respect to each mark applied for registration. As a result of such examination, the trademark applicant…

Litigation and Arbitration – Points of Difference

Of course, many of us have at least some idea of ​​the litigation and how it works. However, not many people know about alternative methods of dispute resolution, such as how to resolve a commercial…

Benefits of Mediation

Settlement of International Commercial Disputes Due to the constantly growing number of international transactions, companies are increasingly facing the need to resolve their commercial differences. There are many factors influencing the emergence of disputes, and…

Enforcing of Arbitral Awards in France

International commercial arbitration is not possible without the recognition of foreign arbitral awards. Enforcing arbitration decisions determine the effectiveness of the arbitration between international trade participants. It is determined primarily by the 1958 New York…

Top Tips For Creative Business Negotiations

In business negotiations, as in any negotiation in everyday life, creativity and flexibility are essential. After all, the situation does not always turn in the right direction for us. Conducting international negotiations with the help…

Concluding M&A Deals in the Republic of Finland

The two most popular ways of concluding M&A deals in Finland involve selling shares or selling entire companies. Signing an M&A agreement in the Republic of Finland can be affected by a number of factors,…

Luxembourg and Hong Kong to Recognise Funds

If an entrepreneur wants to establish an investment fund in Luxembourg or Hong Kong, he will be delighted to know that at the beginning of last year, the regulators of these jurisdictions shook hands and…

Dispute Resolution Basics: What, Why, When, and How

Formal procedures involving resolution of an international financial dispute may be rather costly & require a lot of time. They can also distract the company from its main business activities & lead to the draining…

Fintech Regulation in Japan

Over the past several years, Japan’s financial sector has been making major strides in fintech innovation, with undisputed leaders here being cryptoasset service providers, cash-free payment services, robo-advisors & crowdfunders. So, let’s take a look…

How the COVID-19 Pandemic Impacted Startups in India

The coronavirus pandemic adversely affected the entire investment sector in India, but it is the startups that ended up being the hardest hit. The majority of them are experiencing a decline in demand that hasn’t…

How to Move Business from Cyprus to Another Jurisdiction

When entrepreneurs are asked why they have set up a company in Cyprus, the typical answer is that it is warm here and all operations are carried out strictly according to the law. However, the…

What is RegTech?

As ‘new FinTech’ is gaining momentum, registration of fintech companies is gradually becoming a thing of the past. Once known only to the few initiates, RegTech today is one of the most sought after technologies….

Digital Business in Belgium

Currently, the two most popular digital areas in which you can open a business in Belgium include the sharing economy & mobile commerce (or m-commerce). The sharing economy is based on such platforms as Airbnb,…

Trademarking Designs in the EU

The recent decision of the EU Court of Justice (the CJEU) in the Gömböc case has shed some light on certain legal aspects of trademark protection in the EU. By analyzing the decision, we’ll try…

Which Сountry is Best to Settle an International Dispute

Nowadays, more and more conflicting parties choose countries outside their place of residence to resolve the dispute. It has never been easier for the parties to resolve the dispute using alternative methods or in an…

M&A Features in Malta

Malta has established itself as a competitive platform for M&A transactions, which creates many new opportunities for ambitious entrepreneurs.  At the international level, M&A deals in Malta involve financial companies, pharmaceuticals, real estate, and telecommunications….

Proof of Use of TM in the European Union

This article addresses the issues of trademark registration in the EU and the UK, in particular, the nuances that may arise after the registration is canceled. In a recent case, the issue of whether it…

FIDIC White Paper

In 2017, the 5th edition of the FIDIC White Paper, a model contract for the provision of consulting services in the field of construction, was released. The revised list of services of the White Paper…

How to Get Information or Documents During a Lawsuit in England

The key to success in a lawsuit is the availability of sufficient information & evidence. English law is structured in such a way that it is rather difficult for the plaintiff to receive information from…

Fintech in Indonesia: Developing Slowly But Steadily

In general, the fintech industry in Indonesia is showing a positive trend. There is a progressive implementation of innovative technologies in the field of finance and the volume of operations is growing slowly but steadily….

Combating Violations in Cross Border E-Trade in China

Paradoxically, the COVID-19 pandemic has given a powerful boost to e-trade worldwide, generating demand for products & services that few people could imagine several months ago. Need legal advice on customs regulations in China? Considering…

New Rules to Detect Corruption in International Arbitration

Corruption is a complex phenomenon of social life that has penetrated into many spheres of life, and international arbitration is not an exclusion.   In order to take more effective measures to counteract this disastrous phenomenon…

How to Protect a Domain Name?

Many domain name holders are intimidated by the question of how to protect a domain name. And this is not surprising since from a legal point of view it is quite a complicated issue. We…

Ethics & Corporate Governance

Based on international law, human rights can transcend national and cultural borders. When making important decisions & resolving conflict situations, international law always puts human rights first. The subjective element, in turn, is excluded and…

E-Commerce Law

E-commerce law is an ever-evolving area that plays an important role in the business world. The development of the Internet has opened up new opportunities for the creation of trading & marketing channels, which, in…

UK Regulator Tightening Control Over Fintech Sector

Conclusion of fintech deals in Great Britain involves participation of a large number of consumers & innovative firms. Over the recent years, UK fintech regulators have tightened control over this sector, justifying it by the…

M&A Deals During the Coronavirus Pandemic

Since its outbreak, the coronavirus pandemic has been interrupting, and in some cases hindering, companies’ operation. It has also influenced the way purchasers & sellers prepare for & conclude M&A deals. Therefore, governments of different…

Why Your Business Needs A Shareholders Agreement

In countries with a common law system, it is almost impossible to imagine a successful business without concluding a shareholders agreement, also known as corporate agreement. This document details all the rights and obligations of…

Managing IP Risks

Business management during crises requires careful risk management. In addition to the risks associated with labor & environmental protection, risks associated with IP rights violation pose a direct threat to businesses unless they are timely…

IP Rights Transfer During M&A Transactions in the UK

Mergers and acquisitions in the UK have their own characteristics. In this review, we will analyze how M&A transactions affect the transfer of intellectual property rights, as well as why it is important to conduct…

M&A Disclosure Regulation in Great Britain

Concluding an M&A deal in Great Britain requires the bidders & the target company to ensure that they don’t mislead each other by providing inaccurate information. This means that market participants shouldn’t overestimate the nature…

Business Purchase&Sale Transactions in Mexico

Prior to buying or selling a business in Mexico, or an M&A deal in that jurisdiction, you should get familiarized with its legal framework carefully to avoid mistakes. If the decision is made, you should…

Arbitration in California

The U.S. judicial system will be in the focus of this material. We will look at how to settle a dispute through arbitration in California, given that there are parallel systems of state and federal…

Belgian Fintech is gaining momentum

In recent years, the startup ecosystem in Belgium is gaining momentum. There is also a noticeable increase in the provision of fintech deals. The country is now considered one of the leaders in Europe in…

Regulation of M&A transactions in Egypt

Most foreign companies operating in Egypt are joint-stock or limited liability companies. There are also sole proprietorships but they are less common. Egyptian private company sales transactions are structured in accordance with the Companies Act…

How to conclude arbitration agreements correctly

International arbitration has firmly established itself as the main method of resolving disputes in a large business, and today no one needs to be convinced of its effectiveness. However, it would be nice if the…

COVID-19 and international arbitration

International arbitration is one of the most common ways to resolve commercial disputes in the world. Therefore, any commercial organization that works with foreign counterparties, one way or another, may encounter consideration of the case…

A Guide for Startups Wishing to Register a Trademark in The EU

Startups are well aware that at the start of a business it is necessary to take care of trademark protection and register it. The trademark is protected territorially, that is, its protection extends only to…

Registering a Trademark in Vietnam

To be able to do business & protect your rights in Vietnam, you must register a trademark in Vietnam. This article will provide you with important information on registering a trademark in Vietnam & give…

Regulatory Aspects of Mining in Senegal

Opening a mining company in Senegal requires having mining rights in Africa. Such rights may include the following: Applying for Exploration Permit in Senegal Any legal entity can obtain permission for mineral exploration in Senegal,…

Mining in the Republic of Ghana

Regulatory Framework Extracting minerals in the Republic of Ghana is regulated by both legislative & constitutional acts. Under the constitution of Ghana, all transactions, contracts & obligations connected to exploration & production of mineral resources…

Trademarks Registration and Protection in The Benelux

To begin with, the three countries which are parts of the Benelux – Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg – have concluded an agreement on the unification of their national trademark laws signed at the beginning…

Protection of TM and IP in Sweden

Sweden is known both in Europe and around the world as an advocate of intellectual property rights and is a signatory to almost all international conventions in this area. That is, the IP protection issue…

Acquiring a ready-made company in Hong Kong

If you intend to acquire a private company in Hong Kong, then first you need to familiarize yourself with the features of conducting such sales transactions in this country. In the case of buying and…

Mediation as a Way of Resolving International Commercial Disputes

Mediation is undoubtedly the number one alternative method for resolving commercial disputes both domestically and internationally. Development of mediation in various jurisdictions is often driven by reforms of the civil justice system which are meant…

Retail Investment Funds in Hong Kong

Registering a RIF in HKSAR requires indepth understanding of the regulatory framework in this jurisdiction. Operation of RIFs is regulated by the OFC Code, while more specific rules & regulations are laid forth in the…

Franchising in Holland

Recent years have seen a genuine boom in Holland’s franchise sector. One of the most popular franchising areas is retail where fast food franchises have been mushrooming at a staggering rate. One of the advantages…

Corporate Governance

Corporate governance refers to processes within an organization aimed at ensuring control of shareholders over the board of directors. The company’s activities are based on a strict hierarchy, which is why corporate governance rules are…

Ad Hoc Arbitration

Using the ad hoc arbitration procedure enables parties get to pick arbitrators who aren’t affiliated with any specific arbitration body. Another advantage lies in the fact that arbitrators can be guided by their own rules…

Social Networks, E-Commerce & Franchising

Today, the Internet provides limitless opportunities for opening an online business. Browsing the web, doing shopping online & chatting –  all these activities have long become part and parcel of company-customer interaction.  Being one of…

Private Company Director Responsibilities

An entrepreneur who has made a firm decision to register a company, create a holding or establish a charity foundation should clearly understand the functions of a director in a future organization. This article focuses…

Mediation or Litigation: It’s Up To You

Mediation in the UK has a long and deeply rooted tradition. For centuries, it has been used for a peaceful and calm settlement of disagreements between married couples. This negotiation tool proved to be so…

Utility Tokens Explained

Utility tokens, also known as product tokens, or user tokens, are digital assets that give its owners access to network services and products. Unlike security tokens, utility tokens do not give the right to own…

How to Buy a Business in Malaysia

Acquisition of a company usually occurs by acquiring the entire business, or by acquiring shares from the company. If we are talking about buying a ready-made business in Malaysia, this can be done quite quickly…

Franchising in Great Britain

Franchising  is an arrangement between two or more parties whereby the franchisor grants the franchisee a right to use their trademarks, production processes & business systems to come up with a product or service which…

Great Kickoff: First Licensed Cryptocurrency Fund in Hong Kong

The first virtual currency trading license was recently issued in Hong Kong. Venture Smart Asia has launched its own cryptocurrency fund here, which buys and tracks Bitcoin prices. How to get a crypto license in…

USA: Choosing a Mediator

Mediation is an effective way of resolving a financial dispute in the United States. If you have a registered business in the US & are thinking of choosing mediator, you’ll find this article fairly useful….

IP Due Diligence in the UK

Today, regardless of whether you intend to start a business in England or are already a multi-billion dollar company, intellectual property (IP) is often one of the most important assets of a company. While IP…

Resolving Investment Disputes in the Republic of Austria

The government of Austria hasn’t yet adopted a common policy regarding protection of foreign investments. With that being said, it is steadfastly committed to resolving investment disputes in the Republic of Austria through BITs. Being…

Family Office Investments Using Private Funds

Today, many wealthy families are thinking about creating their own family office, which would competently and centrally deal with family affairs.  The focus of any family office is preserving capital from generation to generation, that…

Offshore Funds in the Caymans

Planning on creating investment funds in the Caymans? If so, then you should know that doing so requires being up to date on the recent developments in the structure of offshore funds in the this…

Virtual Mediation: Dispute Resolution Online

Being an out-of-court method of resolving disputes, mediation provides a viable & highly efficient alternative to traditional litigation. Given the ongoing coronavirus pandemic, companies & individuals worldwide are increasingly resorting to peaceful settlement of disputes…

IPO for Public Companies in Northern Ireland

The opportunity to register a company in Northern Ireland attracts a considerable number of entrepreneurs and investors from all over the world who want to do business in prestigious jurisdictions. In this article, we will…

How to Avoid Trade Secrets Disclosure by Former Employees

Today, a few companies can boast that they never had cases of confidential information disclosure. There are many situations where these violations occurred on the part of the company’s former employees. What unjustness! You hire…

Options for Commercial Dispute Resolution in Denmark

When concluding any export-import transaction, the parties always hope for good, but, nevertheless, just in case, they think about what to do if a dispute between the parties to the transaction occurs. Where and how…

Hong Kong’s Mediation Landscape

Over the past ten years, Hong Kong’s government has been doing its best to demonstrate its citizens & the rest of the world that resolving disputes through mediation can be indeed a highly effective tool….

Resolving Disputes in the State of Panama

Resolving a commercial dispute in the state of Panama requires knowing the legal system of this country. Let’s have a look at how Panama’s judicial system works and what legal means the parties have at…

Resolving International Financial Disputes Through Arbitration

Settling international financial disputes through arbitration is very important for any foreign company. However, it may prove to be a very time-consuming process at times. Let’s try & analyze how long it takes for a…

New Technologies & the Legal Sector in the UK

Given the ongoing coronavirus pandemic, legal service providers are increasingly recognizing the necessity to come up with new ways of responding to the needs of their clients. In particular, this concerns the changes in customer…

Online Arbitration During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Given the ongoing coronavirus pandemic, judges/arbitrators/lawyers/parties are now deciding whether remote resolution of disputes in the EU, USA & other jurisdictions will be the best way of handling the upcoming arbitrations & trials. As far…

Due Diligence in Guernsey Island

Sometimes it is much easier to buy a ready-made business abroad than to register a new company and develop from scratch. An established business has advantages, which, under a certain set of circumstances, can also…

Adaptive M&A in Dominicana

For several years now, on the global technology market, there has been a desire to take advantage of the emergence of revolutionary technological innovations and stimulate the introduction of innovative solutions in various industries. These…

Mediation

There are cases when lawyers are unable to effectively use mediation as an instrument for peaceful settlement of a commercial dispute. Therefore, hiring a competent mediator to resolve a conflict becomes absolutely vital. High-quality legal…

Fintech Regulation in the State of Gibraltar

Regulatory Framework Being the main regulator of fintech business in Gibraltar, GFSC is also charged with issuing licenses authorizing this kind of activities. If you are planning on opening a company in the state of…

Better than People: Artificial Intelligence in Financial Services

Disruptive innovations in the modern world are commonplace, and those businesses that can quickly respond and adapt to change survive. The use of artificial intelligence (AI) is undoubtedly one of those changes that transform life…

Features of Financial Sector Regulation in Taiwan

In this article, we will consider some aspects of the regulation of Taiwan's financial sector, which is booming. The island's economy has a favorable investment climate, inferior in this indicator to only a few countries….

Privacy Policy (PP)

Having a website/software which collects personal information requires having a PP. This article will be looking into why a PP is important & why it is legally required in most countries. Looking to launch your…

Crowdfunding in Brief

Collective conscious In 2009, a new way of finding financing for their projects, crowdfunding, gained popularity among entrepreneurs. And then, more than ten years ago, and today its essence remains the same and is associated…

Estimating a Foreign Company’s Value

Determining a correlation between the value & location of an asset is what makes asset assessment so challenging. Assessing country risk provides an accurate picture of how operating an asset in this or that country…

M&A Deals in the US

Businessmen seeking to expand their business in the US can do so by buying a company that has gone through an M&A process. However, one should not forget that acquiring a company may require conducting…

Peaceful Dispute Resolution. Why?

Why choose a peaceful way to resolve the dispute? This question interests many. In particular, it arises among those who are confident in the successful outcome of their case in court. What is a peaceful…

Franchise Agreements in the UK – Key Features

The franchise networks establishing and promotion can be noted on almost the entire European continent. Due to its reliability, franchising continues to be one of the most popular forms of doing business and is actively…

Protecting IP Rights and Know-How for Startups: 5 Key Points to Keep in MInd

The diversity of innovative ideas and business concepts at this year's Digital Top 50 awards was absolutely impressive. This is yet another reminder that intangible assets for startups, especially those of them that operate in…

Due Diligence (DD)

DD is a process whereby a potential deal or investment prospect is checked, investigated or audited. The idea behind is to verify everything that is revealed during the process of M&A & investment.  Need help…

How to Protect TM Associated with Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence (AI) is an irreversible global trend that is evolving at an incredible rate and constantly poses ever new unique challenges to technology companies. This review will explain why, for AI-related firms, a brand…

Joint Ventures in Holland

Being one of Europe’s most developed states, Holland draws crowds of entrepreneurs interested in doing business here. One way of realizing their ambition lies in establishing a JV with a company in Holland.  This article…

Like a Warm Bath: Fintech in Cyprus

Fintech in Cyprus feels very comfortable and is growing dynamically. This is facilitated by the efforts of the Cypriot authorities to create an enabling environment for the development of digital technologies in general. For example,…

Establishing AIF in Liechtenstein for Crypto Assets

The Principality of Liechtenstein is particularly appealing for investors for a number of reasons. Some of them include: Liberal regulatory framework Streamlined taxation Protection of sensitive data Access to Europe (EU / EEA) due to…

Benefits of Having a Shareholder Agreement

The company’s charter is a document establishing the rules governing the internal affairs of the company. As a rule, such a document is a mandatory requirement for registering a company in England or any other…

PEF in the People’s Republic of China

In the People’s Republic of China (with the exception of Macau & Hong Kong) PEFs are usually established as LPs. Registering PEFs in the People’s Republic of China implies a CIS which is managed by…

Light Version: EMI License in Switzerland

To set up a company to provide financial services and obtain an EMI license in Switzerland in the conventional sense is, in principle, possible, but with some reservations. The peculiarities of doing business in Switzerland…

Private Banking In Switzerland

Switzerland is called the launching pad for products such as wealth management and private banking. Currently, Swiss banks offer them in different formats. Wealth management can be an option within the private banking services, or…

Due Diligence For Investors In Venture Capital Transactions

The venture capital market is increasingly attracting new players. Nevertheless, the IT sector remains the leader in the number of venture transactions and the amount of investments attracted in the world, which is not surprising,…

Law

What Is Alternative Investment Fund?

The main business task of an investment fund is to effectively invest money to achieve a specific commercial goal. An alternative investment fund has a number of regulatory, organizational and tax advantages. Registration of an…

IPO vs Direct Public Offering: Which Is Better?

From the very beginning of the venture business in the form we are seeing now, the IPO (initial public offering) has been a breath of fresh air for startups of all kinds. However, conducting an…

Obtaining Sensitive Information During Due Diligence

Due diligence is becoming increasingly popular among business owners and investors. How to protect yourself, your reputation and your assets during M&A transactions or investing? Due Diligence customers are usually companies that are buying business,…

Pharmaceuticals: Register On Time To Protect Your Trademark

Due to the lack of knowledge of European trademark registration laws, pharmaceutical companies often fall into disrepute. If a pharmaceutical company intends to register a trademark in the European Union, then they should carefully study…

Law

Consideration in Treaties Under English Law

In our previous article on the main components of a legally binding common law contract, we looked at three out of four elements: Offer; Acceptance; Intention to create a legal relationship. In this article, we…

Mergers Explained

Being about 1 company buying another, mergers & acquisitions usually result in the formation of a larger entity. Mergers (or takeovers) are usually divided into friendly ones, backflip ones & hostile ones. In this article,…

What is the Technology Act?

In their day-to-day operation, technology companies often encounter multiple problems. Modern technology is constantly evolving and these changes can lead to all kinds of misuses, including misuse of IP rights. The Technology Act is there…

Acquisitions & Mergers Explained

An M&A deal is all about two, three or more companies consolidating to form a new entity. Typically, it involves numerous components, including corporate finance & asset purchases, that simplify this process. A merger is…

Assessing Damage Relating to the Breaching of a Contract

Introduction Imagine producing expensive, high-quality goods & having a network of loyal customers. In an attempt to increase your output, you conclude a contract whereby a modern production line will be installed at your production…

Law

Obtaining a Freight Forwarding License in Germany – How Shipping & Forwarding Works in the EU

The shipping & forwarding industry in the EU is booming which is why quite a few entrepreneurs are considering opening a freight forwarding business in this jurisdiction. However, starting a shipping & forwarding company requires…

Invest in ICO? Learn How to Conduct a Security Check First

Today, huge numbers of people are wishing to register a company under ICO, as well as obtain a license for cryptocurrencies. This number has reached almost a record level thanks to the active assistance of…

Mediation Explained

Being a very effective tool for resolving commercial disputes, mediation is widely practiced around the world nowadays. The main piece of legislation governing settlement of commercial disputes on the international arena is the Singapore Convention…

How To Establish and Manage Retail Funds in Japan

An investment fund opening, structuring and management are extremely complex task, especially if talking about such jurisdictions as Japan. In this material, we would like to discuss some aspects that should be considered when you…

IQ Decision Expertise: What You Need To Know About Confidentiality Agreement

What businesses need confidentiality agreements for? The value of information has long exceeded the value of material objects, and even more so in the field of information technology. From social networks, news, we hear about…

Japan: Attracting Innovations and Protecting IP

The Japanese share in the global market for innovative technologies is increasing not only due to its own unique technical solutions, but also due to the utilization of foreign inventions and other IP objects by…

Litigation Crowdfunding

As far as conducting trials is concerned, one cannot but mention the fact that it is impossible to guarantee their timeframes and costs. Many people, even adherents of litigation, are finding it increasingly difficult to…

Managing Assets & Investment-Oriented Funds in the European Union

Those seeking to obtain an AIFM license or establish an UCITS in the EU should keep in mind that ESMA has recently updated its AIFs & UCITS regulations. Meant to harmonize ways in which managers…

Owning & Acquiring Banking Institutions in Great Britain

As per recently amended UK legislation, individuals seeking to purchase stakes or voting rights in British banking institutions (or a holding entity they are part of) must give advance notice to and receive permission from…

Self Defense Techniques: How Startups Protect Intellectual Property in Ireland

Intellectual property is the result of mental labor. The product of intellectual labor is very simple to steal and take advantage of. Especially if the creator did not bother to protect intellectual property rights on…

Online Gambling License in the Netherlands – New Rules and Opportunities

A distinctive feature of the Netherlands has always been loyalty to all sorts of entertainment that have been banned in other countries. Surprisingly, despite this, gambling for a rather long period did not receive sufficient…

Planning to buy a gambling business in the EU? Do not neglect the legal audit before buying

The gaming industry has grown into a multi-billion business, attracting investors around the world. Gambling has become more accessible to a wide range of users with the rapid growth of youth among online players. There…

Trademarks Explained

Trademarks represent registered IP rights which protect marks, designs, and expressions & help identify services & products associated with a particular manufacturer. Procedure for Registering TMs in the UK Understanding what brands are all about…

Registering a Financial Company in the Commonwealth of Australia

Being Australia’s major regulator of financial services, ASIC is charged with ensuring abidance by rules & regulations in the corporate & consumer sectors. It is also responsible for protecting consumers’ rights and overseeing the integrity…

Why Do Companies Need a Corporate Lawyer?

Having a corporate lawyer plays a key role in ensuring successful operation of any company. Their responsibilities may include legal support of transactions, dispute resolution, litigation, and preparation of regulatory documents. Below you will find…

How to Check the Counterparties or Business Partners Reliability in the UK?

Companies that are interested in conducting due diligence procedures with respect to an individual or company should pay attention to recent situations that have undermined the reputation of world-famous companies due to espionage and surveillance…

Data Protection Concerns in the EU and Beyond

Recently, law professionals in many countries have been closely monitoring and studying the European practice of GDPR with its tightening personal data protection rules and high fines. This is particularly true with regard to arbitration…

Creating of a Joint Venture in a Crisis

Companies and investors are increasingly going beyond traditional models and strategies when conducting mergers and acquisitions. Registering a joint venture, therefore, may be one way of achieving their short-term & long-term goals. It provides them…

Incorporation

The most popular way of doing business worldwide involves setting up a commercial entity known as a company. Referred to as incorporation, this process can differ significantly depending on a country or jurisdiction. However, there…

Registering Companies in Singapore

There are several different ways in which companies could get registered in Singapore. They include: Individual entrepreneurship. Copartnership. Company. LPs. LLPs. Trusts. Pros & Cons of Registering Sole Proprietorships in Singapore The pros include: Very…

Canada: Private Equity Transactions

How to Acquire a Canadian Target Company A purchase by a Canadian target company implies that a private equity sponsor buys securities or other assets of that company. When many sellers are involved, an association…

What does it mean to be a «foreign public investor» in Australia?

Demand for fertile Australian land and other assets has remained high for many years and is not expected to slow down neither by foreign public investors nor by private companies. And this despite doubling taxes…

Want to Save Assets For Your Heirs? Establish a Trust in Bermuda

Over the past 50 years, the notorious association with the “Bermuda Triangle” has been leveled by the extraordinary financial success of Bermuda, which has gained a reputation as one of the world’s top offshore jurisdictions….

ARBITRATION AND MEDIATION IN MALAYSIA

Arbitration Legislation governing arbitration in Malaysia is quiet archaic, which is why the country's government has recently taken steps to make it more compliant with UNCITRAL. Prior to that the main piece of legislation governing…

Arbitration & Act-of-State Doctrine

First formulated by a US court, the Anglo-American act-of-state doctrine states that the court as a body of power cannot render decisions regarding legislative/executive acts of a foreign state committed in its territory. At the…

The New Singapore Variable Capital Company (VCC)

Legislative groundwork for the functioning of VCCs in Singapore was laid in 2018. Back then, a special piece of legislation was passed called the VCC Act. Meant to stimulate investment, it was also aimed at…

Third Party Liability Under Contract in the English Law

Hundreds of years of judicial practice have made the English legal system the most attractive for the business environment. The English system, as you know, is very old, and it is based on a combination…

Trade Secret and How to Protect It

It’s a common knowledge – if you want to make a company bankrupt, then provide competitors with information about it. Especially this is true when a company is entering new markets, as well as when…

Legislative Framework Governing Trade Secrets in Malta

The recent legislative changes in Malta have simplified procedure for registering sensitive trade data, providing both domestic and non-domestic businesses with an opportunity to take advantage of more effective data protection regulations. Having trouble defining…

Setting up a Trust in Great Britain

If you’ve ever been involved in registering a trust company in Great Britain, you know that this can be a complicated process. Lack of familiarity with the legal framework and legal terminology may further complicate…

What Are Franchise Agreements All About?

Nowadays, a number of enterprises use franchise schemes as a means of expanding their businesses. However, registering a franchise requires getting legal advice about the intricacies involved in this process. Therefore, familiarizing yourself with procedure…

Small and Medium Enterprise in the UAE

Because of its contribution to the growth and diversification of the UAE’s economy, registering SMEs in the UAE was and still is a top priority for its government. To ensure further development of SMEs, it…

IQ Decision Expertise: What is a Life Trust?

In this educational article, we will look at a type of agreement called the Life Trust, also known as a revocable trust. This is a document where its founder acts as a trustee, granting the…

What Personal Data To Disclose When Selling a Business in Europe?

Comprehensive legal due diligence of a company in Europe and information disclosure are a mandatory and very important part of most transactions for the purchase of a ready-made business in Europe. A common practice is…

IQ Decision Expertise: How to Draw Up an Agreement and Protocol of Intent

Contracts are an important part of our daily business life. Contract law is one of the main branches of law, which requires high legal qualifications and expertise from the person who deals with it. Therefore,…

Having a Fund Licensed in the Caymans

Considering starting a business in the Caymans? In this article we will be looking into legal aspects of obtaining a fund license in the Cayman Islands. Legislative Framework Governing Investment Funds in the Caymans As…

Investing in JPFs & Family Offices

In this article we will be discussing different ways of investing in JPFs & family offices, as well as how investments like these can be structured. We’ll also be looking into how the JPF regimen…

Mediation in HK

ADR is defined as a process whereby two parties having a disagreement agree to resolve it by appointing a 3rd party (aka an intermediary or mediator). Under HK legislation, mediation cannot be enforced or imposed…

How Fintech Is Regulated in Australia

Australia's fintech sector has been growing at an unprecedented rate recently. What used to be an unimpressive cloister of miniscule startups has grown into a full-fledged and expansive ecosystem. Australian regulators are working hard to…

Belief is the Key: How Venture Capital Works

Do you believe in angels? If you are a startup owner, you’d better do – in angel investors. Who these mysterious people are, and how the mechanism of venture capital works as a whole please…

How to Open a Direct Investment Fund in the British Virgin Islands?

Before 2018, a legal entity could easily open a direct investment fund in the British Virgin Islands (BVI) without a direct presence, that is, without the need to physically register a company there. However, times…

Resolving Disputes in Germany

Planning on registering a company in the state of Germany? Want to know more about resolving disputes in the state of Germany? This article will provide you with an indepth look at German court system….

Executing an ICO in the US

All those trading in cryptoassets in the US were taken completely by surprise by the SEC’s recent decision to consider cryptocurrencies securities. But here an important reservation needs to be made – the decision does…

Registering and Licensing a PEF in the BVI

The primary regulatory framework for funds in the BVI centers around SIBA. The latter, in its turn, gets monitored by another financial regulator – the FSC. There is also a whole network of regulations that…

Fintech Climate in Czech Republic

The fintech sector in the Czech Republic is growing in a frantic pace. The local market has helpfully opened its doors not only to large players who have recently logged in and work successfully, but…

Features of the digital markets functioning in the United Kingdom

In our era of universal integration, in recent years especially, there has been a steady increase in interest among foreign businessmen in doing business through the registration of a fintech company in the UK. In…

Long Live the Bitcoin! Virtual Currencies Gain Popularity in the UK

In this article, we will try to figure out what causes a stunning and constantly growing interest in virtual currencies, in particular, Bitcoin, and why registering a company for working with cryptocurrency is now gaining…

Your Privacy Guard: General Data Protection Regulation

In our century of total digitalization and transfer of huge amounts of data to electronic registers and databases, as well as poor protection against computer attacks, it is not so difficult to commit crimes connected…

Trademark Registration and Protection in The EU

Trademark as a Tool to Stand Out In the world of consumption, the functions performed by the trademark today provide the following benefits for the product and its manufacturer: the allocation of goods from the…

SEC & ICO

Founded by US Congress in 1934, the SEC is primarily charged with making sure that statements filed by corporate entities comply with respective regulations and that issuers of securities do not breach the rights of…

Arbitration in Privilege: British Courts Support Peaceful Dispute Resolution

The UK remains a popular destination for resolving international business conflicts. International businesses all over the world often and willingly use English law as applicable by virtue of its flexible approaches, tools and principles in…

Updated Regulations for CFD & Forex Traders: More Capital and Fewer Leverage Restrictions

Given the recent proposals issued by chief regulators of financial services in the EU, MFSA released a statement about proposed changes to the rules for obtaining a Forex license in Malta.  The changes focused on…

Why is a Gambling License Important?

Launching a fully autonomous online casino requires obtaining a gambling license. In addition to improving the owner’s reputation and increasing the trust of potential players, obtaining an online casino license enables you to put in…

Obtaining a Gambling License for an Online Casino

Getting a gambling license is an absolute must for all those wishing to become operators of an online casino. It allows you to avoid any legislation-related problems, increases your casino’s prestige and makes your players…

Dispute Resolution in Cyprus

Looking for information regarding dispute resolution in Cyprus? Our article will provide you with insights into the main methods of dispute resolution in Cyprus, including court trial and mediation. Structure (Court Trial in Cyprus) The…

The Practice of Concluding Investment Treaties in Singapore

In recent years, Singapore has continued to attract record investments, despite the challenges of the global economic environment. Its extensive network of double tax treaties, a strategic location at the center of all major growing…

When should the US and Canada State Officials use blind trust?

A blind trust around the world is considered a useful tool that is designed to distinguish between government and business. It is quite obvious that it is economic (financial) interests that determine the political behavior…

A Guide to German Crypto License Applications

After several years of ups and downs of cryptocurrencies, one can now speak about the emerging sphere of crypto asset management, although the process of its evolution is still ongoing. For example, recently the German…

Legal Framework Governing Cryptocurrencies in Austria

Unlike conventional currency exchanges, cryptocurrency exchanges are decentralized, which is why governments or banking institutions are unable to exercise control over their transactions or act as intermediaries. Everyone who is somehow involved with cryptocurrencies or…

Umbrella Fund in the EU – Cyprus Preference

Cyprus has a favourable environment for opening an umbrella fund in the European Union. In order to set up an umbrella fund in Cyprus (RAIF) you don’t need any specialized license. Such funds are supervised…

Resolving Disputes in Japan

Thinking about filing a lawsuit in Japan? Looking to settle a commercial dispute in Japan through arbitration? If so, then you should bear in mind that judicial powers in this country are vested in the…

Fintech Business the Irish Way: E-Money Institution Authorisations

If you are interested in obtaining an EMI license in European countries, take a closer look at Ireland. The setup of an Irish fintech company is a great solution for the following reasons: The only…

Mediation in Spain: models, cost, choice of mediator

It would be a mistake to believe that the resolution of the conflict in international business is possible only in court. Not at all, and in this article we will provide you with basic information…

How Fintech is Regulated in Liechtenstein

Liechtenstein is a synonym of luxury and prestige, and it is also called ‘the tax paradise’. Naturally, this country has a highly developed financial sector and a large number of foreign enterprises successfully operating under…

Arbitration in the UK

Adopted in 1996, the Arbitration Law (hereinafter referred to as AL) is applicable to abitrations in Great Britain and abroad (where the venue for peaceful resolution of international disputes is the UK). It can also…

Virtual Arbitration During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Given the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, employers are having increasingly more problems dealing with pending arbitration hearings. Timely settlement of disputes in arbitration, especially those involving payments, is becoming the number one priority for them. However,…

Cryptoassets for investment and financing in Singapore

As far the Public Securities Association is concerned, investors are not divided into any categories. In its turn, the SAT classifies investors into 4 major groups. The first one is called “retail customers” and it…

ONLINE ARBITRATION: HOW DOES IT WORK?

Arbitration has become the most convenient and popular method of resolving international commercial disputes. An arbitration clause is included not only in valuable commercial contracts, but also in small contracts. This is due to the…

COVID-19: VIRTUAL ARBITRATION

Covid-19 has affected all spheres of international business, and if you decide to initiate an arbitration in Europe or any other jurisdiction, you are likely to face certain difficulties. Therefore, you will need to make…

Mediation in the UK

In Great Britain, ADR denotes all possible variants of settling a dispute with the exception of legal proceedings and adjudication. Pursuant to the CPR, ADR is ‘a collective term for methods of alternative settlement of…

Resolving Commercial Disputes in the UK during COVID-19

March 18, 2020 saw the Lord High Chancellor make this statement, ‘Even in difficult times like these, it is important that independent courts are able to dispense justice’. Despite the unprecedented situation in the health…

FINTECH AND CRYPTOBUSINESS REGULATION IN THE USA

Finance and technology are those industries that have long been flourishing separately on their own. What can happen if they become connected? Nowadays, we just see the results of the connection. The area has become…

Setting up a Charity Fund in 2020

Establishing a charity fund or organization requires figuring out which legal structure such an entity will have. To be able to do so, the organization is to come up with a document called ‘directive’ which…

HAVING IN MIND TO SET UP A BANK IN THE UNITED KINGDOM?

Here’s our step-by-step guide how to start banking in the UK smoothly  Companies entering or expanding into the UK’s banking sector should be aware of the fact that the authorisation process in this country is…

INRICACIES OF PRUDENTIAL REGULATION IN FRANCE. A GLANCE

Banking sector as any other sector of the country’s economy needs to be somehow regulated. There are a number of ways along which regulation can be directed. These include setting of market conduct rules or…

Trust Agreement. What is it?

Trust Agreement or Trust Deed is an agreement in which one person transfers ones assets to another person (Trustee). In accordance with the terms of this agreement it is possible to transfer money, securities, real…

AML and KYC Compliance Services

Anti-money laundering (AML) is a set of rules, laws and regulations designed to stop the profits from illegal actions. The AML rules set out requirements for organizations that provide financial services. This is necessary for…

The United States: Is Existing Law Enough?

Crypto Assets: Legal Regulations of Crypto Assets in the United States of America The U.S. market is a dream and at the same time is a nightmare of any crypto project. Many set up headquarters…

ICO Launch Support & Management Services

Initial Coin Offering (ICO) is a crowdfunding method to raise money for development and expansion of business through offering digital assets for sale to potential investors. IQ Decision UK lawyers have been successfully providing legal…

International Negotiations

Vibrant business activity often leads to disagreements between the people involved in commercial activities that subsequently develop into resource-intensive and costly financial disputes. Frequently, it is hard to resolve a suddenly emerged problem without a…

International Arbitration: England & Wales

The London Court of International Arbitration (LCIA) & the Arbitration Act 1996 The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland consists of four countries that in their union form a group of three jurisdictions:…

Use and Registration of Trademarks

The Madrid system operates in accordance with the Madrid Agreement and the Protocol of the Madrid Agreement. The Madrid system includes 104 members, representing 120 countries. If you need to register your trademark internationally, please…

Forms of Business Organizations

Business activity can be carried out either with the formation of a legal entity or without such formation. There are three major types of businesses in the world: Manufacturing business; Merchandizing business; Service business If…

Setting Up a Payment System Account Legal Advisory Services

The foundation for the rapid development of the EU FinTech industry and for SEPA (Single Euro Payments Area) was laid back in December 2007, when the first Payment Service Directive (PSD) was adopted. PSD has…

Registration of Ships/Yachts

The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) that has been joined by 167 countries and the European Union as of June 2016, provides the rules of international law governing the registration…

International Trade Law: Need Help?

International commercial (trade) law is not a separate legal system, branch or sub-branch of international law. It is rather a comprehensive legal concept that includes the norms and provisions of different international regulations, treaties, conventions…

Investment Support Services

IQ Decision UK investment management specialists will provide you with professional legal advisory services depending on the type of your investment tools in the following fields: Real estate (income-generating property); Industrial production (technological lines, equipment,…

U.S. Incorporation

Nowadays the following basic organizational and legal forms of companies are among the most common ones in the United States: Sole proprietorship; Partnerships; Corporations; Limited liability companies (LLC) Sole Proprietorship As in most other countries…

Real Estate Transactions: How to Buy Real Estate Abroad?

Real Estate Transactions Constantly improving international legislative framework lays the foundation for the transfer of ownership of land and real estate during market operations. The most important element of the real estate market infrastructure is…

Mediation

Mediation is an extrajudicial, alternative way of resolving disputes with the assistance of a neutral, impartial and independent mediator, who is appointed jointly by the parties to the dispute in order of reaching a mutually…

Corporate Services: Incorporation/Company Structure Advising

Business Advisory Services Advising is a type of professional, intellectual services provided to corporate clients interested in optimizing their businesses, associated with solving complex problems of an enterprise in the field of management and organizational…

General principles of English contract law

This article is devoted to the most common issues of contract law, including its historical and legal aspects of formation. English legal system was formed by centuries of case law. The contract as a legally…

How to incorporate a company. Main provisions for businessmen in the UK

The investment climate in UK is known to be very auspicious and attractive for investors of various industries. According to the records, over 5,7 million private entrepreneurs running their business in the country. However, some…

Alternative Dispute Resolution

Litigation may not always meet clients’ demands on resolving disputes, for such cases other methods are used for peaceful settlement.   In a world of ever-changing and competitive business conditions more often arises a necessity…

Trademark Law revision: New remedies for counterfeiters

China Trademark office held consultations for the adding amendments to the Trademark Law at the start of 2018. National and international experts received three months for submission of the fourth revision. At this time China…

Marking the distinction between Arbitration and Mediation

Arbitration Arbitration is a method of dispute resolution, which involves a neutral arbitrator’s supervision and decision-making along the considering the case. Mostly it’s held in informal conditions and changeable schedule. During the process arbitrators usually…

Arbitration: impactful risk mitigation mechanism for inter-country claims

Clear and well-defined dispute resolution clause considering the key aspects of investments for inter-country deals from the very beginning provides parties an opportunity to receive protection of international investment treaties. Aforementioned makes arbitration a key…

SEC FinTech Forum: Future financial service technologies and guiding juridical principles

The SEC’s Strategic Hub for Innovation and Financial Technology was the one to host the Forum. FinHub ensures the financial service industry a direct engagement with SEC to provide awareness on the cutting-edge financial technologies…

Cross-Border Fintech: Regulation & the Law 2019

Recent Cross-Border Fintech: Regulation & the Law 2019 conference highlighted the most promising trends of financial technology services on a global market. The event was hosted in London, on June 6th. Panelists provided the audience…

Crypto Currency Management License Services

If you are thinking about launching an ICO and start dealing with crypto assets, you should consider getting a license first. We would like to remind you that companies and individuals planning to engage into…

National arbitration laws

Mandatory laws The Arbitration Ordinance contains only few provisions that cannot be excluded by the parties and is based on the following principles: “(a) subject to the observance of the safeguards that are necessary in…

The Latest From the High Court on Interpreting the Scope of Arbitration Clauses

Background Against public threats of legal actions made by John Hancock about Mrs. Rinehart, among others, Mrs. Rinehart’s children executed deeds which contained releases of claims and promises not to make further claims. Mrs. Rinehart’s…

Trademark Registration in Saudi Arabia

In its continuous efforts to protect intellectual property, especially trademarks, KSA adopted the Gulf Cooperation Council Trademark Law. This law states a set of provisions are equally applied across all the Gulf countries regarding the…

Ship and Yacht Registration Services

One of the most important things when registering your yacht or vessel is to choose the right flag of convenience (FOC). Deciding which flag your naval vessel will be registered under depends on many factors,…

FIDIC CONTRACTS

FIDIC One of the most authoritative organizations in the international investment and construction industry is The International Federation of Consulting Engineers (FIDIC). It gained its reputation thanks to the release of standard contract documentation. Overall,…

Gambling and Betting License

However, at this point, we need to talk about the plausible solution through the judgments of the European Court of Justice regarding the freedom of establishment that state that if a company on the territory…

Jurisdiction Selection: What You Need to Know

The selection of the right jurisdiction is a very important step that should be carefully thought through and well-considered. While selecting the best place for your business, you need to take into account a myriad…

Pros and Cons of Institutional and Ad Hoc Arbitration

Being one of the main forms of ADR, arbitration is all about having one’s dispute resolved by an independent arbitrator, and not a traditional judicial body. The parties resolve their differences through arbitration that hands…

Electronic Money Institution License

Electronic Money Institution (EMI) license is a license for issuing electronic money. This type of license will allow you to issue your own near money or quasi-currency. The e-currency can be used outside the site…

Trademark Registration, Patent, Software and Data Protection Consultancy Services

Why do you need to register your trademark? We would like to remind you that registration of your trademark is some sort of protection against unfair competition. There is no guarantee that another company will…

Selection and Registration of Legal Forms of Business Organization

Despite some commonalities, the legal forms and traditional structures of organizations in different states may differ. Therefore, when choosing a jurisdiction where you plan to register an enterprise, you need to be aware of the…

Company Formation and Business Setup Services

Free enterprise is characterized by the indispensable presence of the innovation moment, such as, the production of a new product, the changing of activity profile, the establishment of a new enterprise, the implementation of new…

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Law

International Trade Law

The effective practical application of the provisions of international trade law is one of the most important aspects one should consider in trying to establish a successful cross-border business. The globalization of the world economy,…

Law

Real Estate Transactions, Land Dispute Settlement

Why do you need to buy real estate abroad? Well, you can buy real property for yourself and reside in a livable country in your own house or apartment, or you can use your real…

International Dispute Settlement: Mediation, Court Support Services

How to resolve a dispute? Do you have to go to court? Pre-trial settlement of commercial disputes is becoming increasingly popular in Europe and throughout the world. The global leaders in the development of alternative…

Incorporation Services

The most common way of doing business around the world is the incorporation of a company. Incorporation is known as a legal process used to form a corporate entity that varies from one country or…

Company Registration

It has long been known that the development of private entrepreneurship is an arduous process that requires perseverance, financial investment, professional knowledge and technical skills. One of the main constraints that create difficulties for the…

Investment Management Services

Investment protection is the first and most important rule of the investment business. The question is how to protect your investment? Investment activity is a complex and multifaceted process with its own “pitfalls”. The support…

Corporate Services

The transparency of the modern world gives you the opportunity to put your ideas into practice nearly anywhere in the world. But behind the seeming simplicity, there are also some difficulties with translating into reality…