fbpx
close

Company Services

The Virgin Islands: Managing Funds

As per BVI legislation, the following kinds of funds may be established: confirmed; public; private; professional; incubator. To register a fund in the BVI, investors are required to submit an application to the FSC. Obtaining…

PEF in Spain

Oversight & regulation of PEFs in the Kingdom of Spain is an exclusive prerogative of the CNMV. It must be provided with any financial documentation relating to management & registration of private equity funds in…

Macau: Registering trademarks

Trademark registration in Macau is handled by the IPD. Please note that you aren’t required to register a trademark in Macau; however, doing so enables you to prohibit 3rd parties from using it without your…

Australia: Opening a Business

Starting a business in Australia requires having an in-depth understanding of the relevant regulatory framework. Australian companies, particularly ASX-listed ones, must ensure compliance with numerous regulations & requirements So, let’s take a look at what…

India: Company Registration 2020

The number of entrepreneurs wishing to set up a company in India is growing steadily every year, and in this material we invite you to familiarize yourself with the key prospects for doing business in…

Luxembourg: IP Rights

Intellectual property laws can vary widely from country to country. A trademark is a particular kind of intellectual property. It is different from a copyright or a patent.One should register the TM rights both in…

India: TM Regulation

Brand protection India is ensured by registering a TM with a relevantly authorized agency in a specific jurisdiction. So, let’s take a closer look at the main aspects of trademark regulation in India. Regulatory Framework…

Hong Kong: Registering a Company

The most common organizational & legal form for doing business in Hong Kong is LTD. Both experienced businessmen & novice startuppers select it to register a company in Hong Kong. Starting a business in HK…

Germany: Establishing a RIF

The main piece of legislation regulating the setting up & managing of RIFs in the state of Germany is KAGB. There’s several other regulations & standards supplementing KAGB (mostly those are good conduct rules issued…

Montenegro: Protecting TM Rights

Registering a TM in Montenegro requires conducting verification for compliance with TM requirements. Violating TM rights entails civil & criminal liability. TM owners can file a lawsuit for copyright infringement in Montenegro within a 5-year…

New Requirements for Registration of Funds in the Caymans

The Asian stock market is beginning to demonstrate its intention to provide alternatives to traditional stock structures that are more suitable for and attractive to Asian investors. The number of those wishing to establish a…

Malta: TM

Both physical persons & legal entities, such as companies & enterprises, can apply for TM registration in Malta. Please note that registration of non-traditional TMs in Malta (i.e. colors & sounds) is also possible. Those…

Luxembourg: Opening a Company

Apart from LLCs, partnerships & other legal forms of business, entrepreneurs seeking to open a business in Luxembourg can also create LLPs that have no legal personality. Under the recently adopted legislation, registering a European…

South Africa:TM Registration and Use

African countries provide great opportunities for commercial activities. Starting a business in South Africa is simple and relatively quick. The same can be said about the trademark registration procedure in South Africa. This is what…

South Africa: M&A

The high rates of economic growth exhibited by SAR over the recent years have made it an attractive destination for foreign investors considering launching a business in South Africa. So, let’s take a look at…

Great Britain: M&A 2020

Over the past decade, the UK has dealt with several crisis situations and today remains an attractive jurisdiction for businessmen around the world. If you are interested in conducting an M&A transaction in the UK,…

Mediation in Italy

If you are faced with the need to settle a commercial dispute with an Italian counterparty, you may find this blog post helpful. Mediation as a way to resolve a conflict without lengthy judicial red…

France: Updated FDI Legislation

The recently announced restrictions on FDI in France are indicative of the global trend towards tighter control over investment regulation in France and the EU. So, let’s take a closer look at the main aspects…

Madrid System: Malaysia

Previously, registering a Malaysian TM required applying to the Malasian IPO Office. Once the Madrid System (MS) is implemented, Malaysian entrepreneurs will get to submit their TM applications to the WIPO & avoid having to…

Arbitration in Korea

Businesses all over the world have increased their use of arbitration, while, at the same time, expanding the types of disputes that are subject to arbitration. Entrepreneurs who decide to resolve a commercial dispute through…

Belgium: Trademarks

The number one agency responsible for registration of TMs in the Benelux is the BOIP. By applying for TM registration in the Kingdom of Belgium, registrants ensure protection of their TMs in Holland, Belgium &…

9 Questions on Registering TM in Guatemala

Brand protection is one of the important issues that should be given special attention when entering a new market. If you are planning to start a business in America, our today's blog post will be…

TM in France

Registering a TM in France (or any other country for that matter) is an important aspect of forming & protecting a brand. So, let’s see what it takes to register a TM in France &…

Perspectives of Mediation in the USA

Last year was a landmark year for the development of mediation in the United States as the country joined the Singapore Mediation Convention, which aims to make international agreements on the resolution of conflicts using…

Germany: Mediation

German statutory law doesn’t specifically define conciliation & ADR. It’s understood that ADR is an all-embracive term describing all non-litigation methods of settling disputes through mediation in the state of Germany. Conciliation, in its turn,…

Japan: IP Dispute Resolution

This blog post will help you understand the nuances of IPR protection in Japan. This is important not only for businesses operating in this jurisdiction, but also for those who are just planning to register…

Cyprus: Arbitration

Resolving domestic & international disputes through arbitration in the Republic of Cyprus requires that all arbitration agreements be in written form. International arbitrations are regulated by  Act #101/87, while domestic ones are governed by Chapter…

German TM Registration Specifics

In the past year, Germany strengthened its regulatory framework for trademarks and IP rights. A new Law on the Modernization of Trademark Law has come into force, which includes the main provisions of EU directives….

Resolving Disputes in the Cayman Islands (Part 2)

Deadlines There’s a 6-year deadline for filing regular & equity claims in the Caymans. Deadlines can be extended if fraud or deliberate concealment of factual information is detected. Signing a conciliation agreement, extending a deadline…

Great Britain: Brand Defense Strategy

Brand identity is very important to a business. Every brand owner needs to have strong brand protection in the UK and other jurisdictions. This blog post describes the main features of TM protection in England…

The Cayman Islands: Resolving Disputes (Part 1)

Resolving financial disputes in the Cayman Islands is the exclusive prerogative of the Supreme Court’s specialized department. Disputes are almost always adjudicated by a single judge. For civil claims in which the contested amount is…

Arbitration in the Czech Republic: Enforcement of Awards

Resolution of issues related to arbitral awards can be carried out in court. This blog post takes a closer look at how you can enforce an arbitral award through a court in the Czech Republic….

ADR

Unlike litigation, ADR (or Alternative Dispute Resolution) is a less costly & more peaceful way of resolving commercial disputes. There’s many different forms of ADR, each of which can be used in specific situations &…

China: TM Protection Methods

For a long time, it has been believed that protecting trademark rights in China is difficult, if not impossible. This opinion was supported by the huge amount of counterfeit products produced by various Chinese enterprises…

The Netherlands: Arbitral Awards

Arbitration is a private method to settle disputes based on an agreement between the parties involved. Dispute resolution by arbitration in the Netherlands, like in any other European country, ends with a decision of the…

US: Registering Sounds, Smells & Movements as Trademarks

In an attempt to protect IP rights, manufacturers seek to cover as much ground as they can. In particular, they try to make sure that even the most unlikely marketing instruments are taken care of….

Singapore Convention on Mediation (SCM)

The SCM’s importance for peaceful settlement of commercial disputes is hard to overestimate. Adopted in 2019, it was signed by forty six countries, including the PRC & US.  So, let’s see what it’s all about…

Settlement of Disputes

Including a dispute resolution clause in commercial contracts is a common practice. So, let’s take a look at what it usually takes to settle a dispute & which ADR methods parties can make use of….

Spain: Companies Merger 2020

Spain is a developed European country, which, despite the leaps and a series of crises, has always been distinguished by high investment attractiveness. 2020 has changed a lot for the worse for most countries in…

Sweden: Due Diligence in Private M&A

M&A deals in Sweden, as in any other European country, necessarily include the due diligence procedure of the target object before the agreement is concluded. Any legal entity planning to conclude an M&A deal, or…

Ireland: M&A 2020

In 2020, despite the problems associated with the coronavirus pandemic, activity in the field of mergers and acquisitions in Ireland continues. Ireland is often associated with such a concept as "offshore jurisdiction", which is erroneous….

International Dispute Resolution

Companies involved in cross-border trade are often faced with two important questions:  Where and how to settle commercial disputes?  How to receive payment in case of a successful resolution of international commercial disputes?  To help…

Domain Name Rights Disputes

A lawsuit centering around infringement of TM rights & transfer of domain name ownership in Europe & the US has recently been filed. However, because the plaintiff failed to provide sufficient proof, the court found…

What Is The Right Time To Sell A Business

The decision of business owners as to whether or not to sell a business is a complex and problematic issue. This review will be useful for entrepreneurs who want to sell a company abroad and…

Business Identity: How to Register a Brand Correctly

Registering a trademark in the EU is one of the most important stages in brand formation. The first thing business owners planning to register a trademark in Europe need to do is determine whether a…

Colombia: TM Registration. Part 2

In the first part, we looked at the legal basics you need to know in order to better understand the scope and regulation of trademark registration in Colombia. This blog post is dedicated to the…

Trademarks Explained

Trademarks represent registered IP rights which protect marks, designs, and expressions & help identify services & products associated with a particular manufacturer. Procedure for Registering TMs in the UK Understanding what brands are all about…

Great Britain: TM Registration

Registering a TM in Great Britain is an absolute must for any growing business. Registered TMs become very valuable assets, especially after the popularity of a business’s services/products begins to grow. By registering TMs in…

Serbia: M&A

Acquiring a Serbian company is possible through purchasing its assets or stakes. So, let’s take a closer look how M&A deals in Serbia are regulated, as well as what documentation is required for closing an…

Cyprus: Funds

Thanks to a completely updated legal & regulatory framework, registering an AIF in Cyprus is now a pretty straightforward process, requiring entrepreneurs to apply minimum efforts. Further development of funds is being supported by the…

LP, GP, LLC Explained

When the question arises about the choice of organizational and legal form when creating a company, one of the common solutions among entrepreneurs is to register a limited partnership abroad.  In this blog post we…

Denmark: TM Registration

This blog post is dedicated to the peculiarities of TM registration in Denmark. Immediately, we note that if a trademark is used on the territory of the country, then in its rights it is equal…

Colombia: TM Registration. Part 1

If you have decided to register a trademark in Colombia, please be advised to first understand the legal framework for this procedure. Colombia is part of the Andean Community, which leaves an imprint on the…

TM in Australia

Brands are an important part of everyday life. Consumers know exactly which smartphone is the most functional, which airline has the best service, and which accessories attract the attention of friends and colleagues. Brands help…

Companies Merger and Reorganization in Cyprus

The Cypriot regime of mergers and reorganizations of companies is actively taking place not only at the local level (that is, between local structures), but also at the cross-border level. If there is a merger…

Great Britain: Registering a Company

Registering a company in Great Britain requires choosing its legal form. So, let's take a quick look at what it takes to apply for registration of an LTD in Great Britain. For simplicity’s sake, we’ll…

US: Domain Names

Registering domain names in the US is the exclusive prerogative of the US Commerce Department. .us domain names may also be registered directly with any accredited registrars. Validity of registration can range from twelve months…

Brazil – TM Registration (Part 2)

In the first part, we’ve looked into the basics of registering a TM in the Federal Republic Brazil. Here, we’re going to be focusing on a TM registration procedure in the Republic of Brazil. Classifying…

USA: Selecting a Mediator to Settle a Dispute

This article sets out some of the practicalities of selecting a mediator for peaceful dispute resolution in the US. The settlement of an international dispute through mediation in the United States is a process in…

Brazil: TM Registration (Part 1)

The two main laws regulating TMs in Brazil are the Constitution & BIPL. The Federal Republic of Brazil is a signatory to the PCPIP, TRIPS & Madrid Protocol; hence, protecting a TM in the Republic…

How to Register aTM in Croatia

Trademark registration in Europe is attractive due to the stable economic situation in European countries and a high level of intellectual property protection. The specialists of our company suggest considering the option of registering a…

China: IP Protection

Last year saw the CPC’s General Office & China’s State Council issue a joint statement dedicated to the strengthening of IP protection in China. The document’s main emphasis was on the problems with litigation in…

Ireland: Trade Secrets Protection

Undoubtedly, the key to success in almost any business is the orderliness of the processes of collecting, processing, using and storing information. All these facilitate proper protection of trade secrets which often constitute main assets…

Switzerland: M&A

Acquiring private companies in Switzerland is a process that consists of two stages: signing an agreement; closing a deal. The signing of an agreement & closing of a deal can take place simultaneously if there’s…

TM in Slovenia

Registration of a trademark in the EU will allow your brand to become recognizable and will provide protection throughout its territory. The experts of our company propose to consider the option of registering a TM…

Singapore: Company Types

Singapore is considered the main business and trade center of Southeast Asia. This city-state has a highly developed and successful market economy, and has attracted businessmen wishing to register a company in Singapore for many…

China: M&A

Concluding M&A deals in the PRC is always a challenge. And given the recent spike in tensions between the PRC & the US, the requirements for foreign investors have become even more rigorous. If the…

Japan: Foreign Investors & Arbitration

Resolving disputes by arbitration in Japan is a common practice, especially when it comes to disputes involving foreign investors. In fact, the popularity of arbitration is so high that Japanese arbitration institutions are reporting a…

Slovakia: M&A

Concluding an M&A deal in Slovakia requires notifying the AMO (Slovakia's main financial regulator) transaction; however, no strict deadline is set for submitting a notification. The notification can also be submitted to the regulator prior…

Luxembourg: Protecting a TM

Ever since the TM Act was adopted, ensuring protection of TMs in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg has required filing a claim. Filing claims for violation of TM rights in Luxembourg requires submitting an application…

TM in Trinidad and Tobago

Consider trading internationally? It is advised that you register IP rights in export markets. If you plan to start a business in Trinidad and Tobago, here are some hints you may wish to think about…

Hong Kong: Litigation

Those interested in resolving disputes through litigation in Hong Kong should keep in mind that civil proceedings there are regulated by the Supreme Court’s rules & Chief Justice’s Guidelines. Commercial Courts There’s quite a few…

China: Selecting a Mediator

Resolving a dispute by mediation in the PRC is one of the most effective ADR methods involving neutral parties (i.e. mediators). The outcome of proceedings depends on a mediator; hence, choosing one must be approached…

How to Minimize IP Protection Costs

Intellectual property protection services can cost a lot of money, and IP registration in the UK or other European countries can be particularly costly. However, there are still some ways to reduce and even minimize…

Dispute Resolution Through Commercial Mediation

The key goal of mediation is to find an acceptable solution to the conflict. Although the resolution of disputes through commercial mediation abroad in the vast majority of cases occurs the next day or shortly…

Intellectual Property: DD

A careful assessment of an enterprise's IP assets is an important part of a strategy aimed at attracting investors. Conversely, not knowing what to look out for in relation to IP has the potential of…

China: Protecting a Mobile App’s Name

With the number of mobile apps constantly growing, developing a unique name & designing an icon for a mobile app is becoming an absolute necessity for developers seeking to make their app stand out from…

Canada: Cross-Border Dispute Resolution Through Arbitration

"Private court", private court of pale and gray hair men – those were just a few popular names of international arbitration in the past. However, this method of dispute resolution has only been gaining popularity…

Switzerland: International ADR

Today's blog post invites readers to familiarize themselves with existing cross-border dispute resolution options in Switzerland that, under certain circumstances, might interest your company. We will highlight such topics as  why ADR in Switzerland is…

Switzerland: Joint Ventures

There’s no legal definition of the term ‘joint venture’ in Switzerland; nor is there any  legislation directly applicable to JVs. Depending on a legal structure, registering a JV in Switzerland can take two different forms…

Austria: International Arbitration

If you are interested in resolving an arbitration dispute in Austria, please note that a few years ago, the country underwent a reform, according to which the Supreme Court was determined as the sole instance…

Spain: Mediation

Resolving disputes through mediation in Spain is a common practice. In this short review, we’ll try to shed some light on how parties to a dispute can choose a mediator in Spain & what requirements…

Italy: M&A

Acquiring & selling companies in the Republic of Italy is usually done through negotiations between sellers & purchasers. In the majority of cases, purchasers & sellers are LLCs or JSCs.  Normally, acquiring an enterprise in…

Trademarks in Portugal

If you are planning to register a brand in Portugal, then this blog post may be useful to you. Protecting your business is vital. It is difficult to overestimate the role of means of individualization,…

JV Set Up in Turkey

Over the past decade, Turkey has entered the world’s Top 20 largest economies thanks to creating favorable conditions for partnerships between local and overseas companies. Typically, these partnerships have been formed in Turkish JV registration…

Trademarks in Canada

Our today’s blog post provides an overview of trademark regulation in Canada. The information contained in this article is for guidance only and does not constitute legal advice. If you have any questions of a…

Ireland: ADR

Being a common way of settling disputes in Ireland, arbitration has been getting increasingly formalized and thus similar to traditional adversary proceedings recently. Hence, other forms of ADR, such as expert opinion & mediation, are…

Japan: M&A

An interesting trend has emerged over the past year in the Japanese M&A market, with increasingly more investors putting money in R&D companies. They are willing to spend large sums of money & aren’t afraid…

Cyprus: DD of Deals Involving Sale & Purchase of Vessels

Registering vessels in Cyprus requires keeping in mind several important considerations. For example, prior to signing a deal involving the sale & purchase of a yacht in the Republic of Cyprus, buyers should perform DD….

Private M&A Deals in HK

Private M&A deals in HK are a common process. Insurance companies and licensed securities brokerage firms continue to be in high demand as acquisition targets in this jurisdiction. By acquiring part or all of the…

EU: Trademarks

TMs can be registered as EUTMs if they help distinguish an enterprise's services/products from those of other companies. Registering TMs in the EU requires meeting several important criteria, such as clarity, preciseness, ease of accessibility,…

M&A Regulation in the PRC

As Chinese companies restructure and competition intensifies, more and more firms are looking at buying and selling private companies in China as a means of financing their business development. Also in recent years, another trend…

US: Trademarks

Brand protection is carried out by registering a TM in the US, EU & other jurisdictions in which a company plans to operate. TM registration in the US is done pretty much the same way;…

Israel: Trademarks

Any legal entities or individuals are eligible for registration of a TM in the state of Israel; no Israeli citizenship or documents confirming a residence permit are required. Which TM Types Can be Eligible for…

Fintech in the US: Certification, AI & Cryptoassets

Registering an international fintech startup requires an understanding of the legal nuances of the jurisdiction a fintech company will be operating in. If you’re planning on registering a fintech company in the US, you’ll probably…

Singapore: IP Disputes

Courts in the Republic of Singapore are authorized to render judgements on copyright infringement & fraud. Initiating litigation in the Republic of Singapore, whether with a regular or Supreme Court, is pivotal on statutory provisions…

Fintech and Crypto-Business in the Czech Republic

The fintech industry in the Czech Republic continues to develop actively. The number of fintech startups is increasing, large fintech companies are entering the local market, and even banks have already begun to develop and…

Malta: Registering a Company

The benefits of registering a company in the Republic of Malta include a transparent & simple registration process & a favorable taxation regime. By opening a company in Malta, you get to recruit a highly…

Mexico: Trademarks

TM protection in Mexico can be granted to any TM which helps distinguish a company’s services & goods from those of its competitors. Protection for unconventional TMs in the Republic of Mexico extends to smells,…

TM Regulation in Malta

Registration of a trademark is a necessary measure of brand protection. This article describes the main aspects of TM regulation in Malta, which will be relevant for those planning to start a business in this…

IP Remedies in the United States

If you have a brand, then you may have problems with intellectual property (IP) protection. This applies not only to large corporations selling their products around the world, but also to small businesses. In this…

US: Registering a TM

Any symbols, drawings, words, or combinations thereof can be registered & protected by US laws. The same applies to slogans, colors, packaging, sounds, tastes, smells & other NVMs. US: Obtaining Ownership of Unregistered TMs An…

M&A in the Sector of Money Transfers

Nowadays, registering an e-business is becoming increasingly popular. Digital technologies have filled the world space, and we will not be mistaken if we call our society digital. And the COVID-19 pandemic, which suddenly burst into…

Germany: Franchising

The past ten years have seen the number of people wishing to open a franchise business in Germany triple. That’s mainly attributable to the lack of specific legal provisions governing the conclusion of franchise agreements…

Luxembourg: Establishing Funds

Entrepreneurs considering registering companies or funds in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg have several options, such as: SICARS; SOPARFIs; RAIFs; SIFs. Pursuant to a circular published by CSSF, registering specialized investment funds in the Grand…

Singapore: Financial Risk Management

If you are planning to establish a financial services company in Singapore, then it is worth considering that the standards for conducting this kind of activity are at the highest level here. Particular attention is…

UK: ADR Without Consent of the Parties

In many countries, courts are empowered to establish alternative dispute resolution (ADR) for parties without their consent. However, there is no such law in the UK. Perhaps it will appear in the near future, since…

Updated EU Regulations for Investment Companies

At the beginning of last year, the EU Council approved proposals regarding the updates in regulation on investment companies registered on the territory of the European Union. The new regime will tighten requirements for investment…

Jurisdictional Issues

Lack of jurisdiction of tribunals & procedural inconsistencies of arbitral awards are the two main issues the NYC tries to tackle. Tribunals in most jurisdictions are sufficiently authorized to render awards as per the principle…

Top Tips for Starting a JV in China

LLC or LLP are the two main forms that are most popular among businessmen looking to open a joint venture in China. If you are interested in registering a Joint Venture in China, and you…

Privately Purchasing Company Shares

This blog post will be useful to businessmen interested in the private acquisition of company shares. Buying shares in a company implies a preliminary agreement between the buyer and the seller of the shares, with…

Austria: M&A Deals

The Australian M&A market has been growing steadily over the past few years. There has also been an increase in the number of M&A deals in the technology & construction sectors.  Just like in other…

ROFR vs ROFO

Acquiring a company is a very important decision for those wishing to conduct business abroad. It requires taking into account multiple factors, such as local legislation, permits, visas and many others. To help you overcome…

How To Register a Company For Developing Google Play Apps

Today, developing applications and selling them on Google Play is a highly profitable business which is gaining popularity day after day. In order to engage in such entrepreneurial activity, first you should do is register…

UAE: Registering a Company in Ajman

Currently, the UAE has a total of thirty six FEZs, all of which have a special regime of taxation. It’s little wonder then that registering a company in Ajman or other FEZs in the U.A.E….

Chatbots in Business: Legal Issues

The rapid development of technologies in the field of artificial intelligence has created conditions for the increase in the use of chatbots in business. Further in our blog post, we will talk about what chatbots…

Due Diligence

Usually, performing DD of a company in Europe or America begins with identification, in which key information is requested from a potential client or 3rd party (often through a simple survey questionnaire). Schematically, this process…

HK Mediation Specifics

Mediation in business is at the peak of popularity. But the success of this dispute settlement procedure largely depends on the mediator. From this blog post, you will learn the nuances of choosing a mediator…

Negotiations: 5 Effective Strategies

Negotiating plays a key role in ensuring effective communication between companies & their customers. Being an effective communicator helps you negotiate a better deal & assure your company’s lasting success in the future. There’s several…

Choosing a Law Firm to Resolve a Dispute in Arbitration

Ensuring the impartiality and independence of arbitrators is indeed one of the main principles in resolving a dispute in the UK and in any other country. Both points are important components of a professional approach…

M&A in Luxembourg

Buying & selling companies in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is done by signing an SPA between sellers & buyers. Conducting a typical M&A deal in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg also involves holding an…

Japan: M&A Deals

Buying a company in Japan involves selling & purchasing its business by concluding a deal between sellers & buyers. Acquiring companies’ shares in Japan is a transaction in which only a portion of a company’s…

Remedies in English law

Common Law distinguishes between two types of remedies – damages and specific performance. IQ Decision team provides consulting services to determine which remedy is best for you. Damages in the English legal system is a…

Turkey: DD of Private M&A Transactions

A thorough & proper investigation of all legal, financial & tax issues is an integral part of DD of M&A transactions in Turkey. Sometimes, commercial DD is performed as well, especially when it comes to…

Features of Сommercial Dispute Resolution in China

If you are facing the task of starting a lawsuit in China, then this blog post can give you useful information to think about. In China, the judiciary is empowered on behalf of the state,…

Mediation in Great Britain

What makes mediation a particularly effective ADR method is that it affords the maximum degree of flexibility to all its participants. Depending on a dispute’s nature & value, mediation in Great Britain may occur in…

USA: Dispute Resolution in Delaware

Court proceedings may vary significantly from one US state to another. This blog post is dedicated to the specifics of dispute resolution in Delaware. Today, many entrepreneurs choose this jurisdiction to register a company in…

US: DD of M&A Transactions

Often carried out before signing M&A deals, due diligence is a procedure that is meant to verify the object of the agreement. Concluding an M&A deal in the US requires taking a responsible approach to…

Denial of TM Registration in China

Recently, there has been a growing question from customers as to what options they have for registering a trademark in China if such a trademark is similar or similar to another. It will be relatively…

Belize Restoring Positive Image

Registering a company in Belize is becoming a tempting idea for foreign entrepreneurs looking to start a business in Central America or participate in public investment programs. The reason for this is the amended legislation…

Why Startups Register IP in Canada

Much of creating a successful startup depends on developing a recognizable brand. According to opinion polls, 59% of buyers buy goods from familiar brands. But if you're just starting your business in Canada, how can…

Liquidating Legal Entities & Trademarks

It often happens that after filing for liquidation in the EU or US, entrepreneurs have no possibility to manage TMs in Europe & America. In fact, liquidating legal entities doesn’t necessarily involve the transfer of…

What is Registration of Intellectual Property for?

In the field of intellectual property, IP protection in the US or EU is the first thing IP owners should take care about. By applying for TM registration in the EU or US, they can…

How to Avoid the Risks Associated with Cryptocurrencies

If you have plans to obtain a cryptolicense in the EU or set up a company for cryptoactivities in the EU Member State in the near future, then this blog post may be of interest…

How to Use the ®️, ™ or © ️ Symbols

Introduction ®️ stands for “Registered Trademark” (affirmed by the Patent & Trademark Office); ™ means “Trademark” (any mark filed with the Trademark Office); © ️ stands for "Copyright"; © ️ (“Copyright”) is a notice of…

How to Protect a Brand on the Internet

In today's world, brand protection on the Internet has undergone significant changes and reached a new level. The improper use by third parties of trademarks, patents and designs in various areas of the internet, such…

Digital Asset Ownership

In this short piece, we’ll be focusing mostly on ownership of digital assets. Given the problems faced by owners of digital assets nowadays, analysing the pros & cons of different organizational & legal forms may…

IP regulation

In this short piece we’ll be focusing on the main aspects of IP leadership, including problems with protecting IP rights in South East Asia & Latin America & trends observed in IP leadership at the…

Financing Startups in Northern Ireland

Starting a business in Great Britain, and more specifically, launching a startup in Northern Ireland, requires having a financial cushion. Nowadays, we’re witnessing a new trend whereby greater emphasis is being placed on cooperation in…

Isle of Man: Recent Changes in Tax Regime

Planning on registering a company in the Isle of Man? If you are, then you should definitely pay close attention to the recent changes in the tax regime of this British Crown dependency. Failure to…

Legal Issues Related To Domain Names

Having a problem protecting your domain name? First, let's understand what a domain is. Domain names are the equivalent of a physical address on the Internet, with which you can find a site on the…

IP Protection in Singapore

In this review, we will look at options for registering intellectual property rights, as well as how to protect IP rights in Singapore. An invaluable resource Intellectual property (IP) can be an extremely valuable resource…

Top Tips How To Register a Foreign Company

Here’s a short foreign entrepreneur's guide to incorporating a limited liability company. Registration of a foreign company can be carried out only with professional assistance. If you plan to register an LLC in the US…

Hedge Funds on the Island of Guernsey

Considering registering an investment fund? Can’t find a suitable jurisdiction? Why not train your sights on the Island of Guernsey? Thanks to a flexible & pragmatic approach adopted by the GFSC, the island's number one…

Cayman Islands Investment Mechanisms

This article will be of interest to those who plan to register an Asia-focused fund in the Cayman Islands or register a company in this jurisdiction. Why the Caymans? The Cayman Islands are one of…

How To Protect A Trademark

Trademark protection is an important issue that interests entrepreneurs after TM has been registered. TM protection is mainly focused on the fact that no one can take advantage of your brand, because such actions can…

How to Register a TM in Switzerland

If you want to register a trademark in Switzerland, then you should know that the right to a TM in Switzerland is established only upon registration. Therefore, legal protection is mainly granted to registered trademarks….

Registering a TM in China: New Requirements

Registering a TM in China is the exclusive prerogative of the Beijing IP Court (BIPC). Subject to the powers bestowed on it by the current legislation, it can either reject or invalidate TMs in the…

Registration of TM Сontaining Geographical Names

The protection of a trademark, which contains a geographical name, is a rather complicated issue. Many formalities need to be followed in order to register marks that indicate the geographical origin of a product, for…

Advantages of Mediation in Commercial Dispute Resolution

When it comes to mediation, a number of unfair stereotypes come to mind about this procedure. For example, many believe that mediation is only suitable for disputes over family law, or it is something like…

Cyprus: Dispute Resolution

A legal system based on common law, geographic location & well-developed business infrastructure – all of these factors make resolving international disputes in Cyprus a very attractive option. The most popular way of resolving disputes…

Top Tips How To Make Maximum Use Of Mediation

A conciliatory procedure called mediation can be very helpful in resolving a conflict. Many civil cases end up in mediation before trial as a result of court rule or by agreement of the parties. The…

Selecting a lawyer for launching a start-up project

Startups, especially freshly launched ones, are bound to encounter all sorts of legal challenges. And they do not just involve issues with regulators or compliance with numerous legislative acts. Sometimes, simply registering a start-up project…

USA: Next Generation Securities

Each country has certain regulating bodies that monitor the financial market and protect its citizens. If registering a company for ICO in the United States is in your immediate plans, then keep in mind that…

Financial & Corporate Law

If you’re planning on registering a company in Switzerland, the US or any other country of the world, sooner or later you’ll find yourself confronted with financial & corporate law.  So, what is it? Let's…

Funds & Their Management in Hong Kong

Managing funds in the HK SAR is the exclusive prerogative of the SFO, HK’s main piece of legislation governing futures markets & securities. The said act provides the SFC, HK’s number one financial regulator, with…

Protection Of Consumer Rights In The EU

The sphere of consumer protection in the EU is quite extensive and includes many issues of private and public, substantive, and procedural law. Before registering a company in the EU and selling goods to Europe,…

What is Bitcoin? (part 2)

If an entrepreneur is determined to obtain a cryptocurrency exchange license, they should keep in mind that the Bitcoin protocol is being constantly updated. If an individual user follows the same rules, they remain online….

THE UMBRELLA FUND EXPLAINED

The power of numbers is often referred to as investing, and investment funds (IF) are seen as a tool for accumulating and increasing capital. This is why an increasing number of people are looking to…

What is Bitcoin? (Part 1)

If you’re considering trading in cryptocurrencies, registering a company for ICO, or obtaining a license authorizing exchange of cryptocurrencies, you should keep in mind that cryptocurrencies, and more specifically, Bitcoin, are an entirely new socio-economic…

Singapore: ICO

ICO is a type of fundraising that relies heavily on DLT technology. Unlike IPO which involves issuing shares in exchange for fiat currencies, ICO relies on the issuance of tokens which are then exchanged for…

How To Register A Company In Montenegro

To register a company in Montenegro, you need to choose an organizational and legal form, prepare documents and you can start! However, there are some subtleties that we will tell you about. First, you need…

Japan: Cryptocurrency Market

Having the most advanced regulatory regime for cryptoassets, Japan is trying to promote investment in cryptocurrencies by creating incentives for entrepreneurs seeking to obtain an ICO license in Japan. Being the world's largest market for…

Register A Company Abroad: What You Should Know?

It is well known that in order to conduct business abroad, an entrepreneur should, first of all, register a company, open a bank account, obtain a permit for activity. Company registration is the most crucial…

US Fintech: Key Legal Issues

If you are planning to register a fintech company in the USA, then this material will be of interest to you, because you will learn the main legal nuances of this activity. However, we would…

Belgium: FinTech Regulation

Registering a FinTech company in Belgium is a quite popular practice among foreign & domestic entrepreneurs. If you’re planning on opening a business in this country or require an individual consultation on anything FinTech-related, you’ll…

Czech Republic: Fintech Regulation

This article describes the main provisions of fintech regulation in the Czech Republic, which will be useful for businessmen interested in registering a fintech company in the Czech Republic and other European countries. Fintech is…

ICO – Who Needs It and Why?

Statistically speaking, investments in tokens increased by 1300% in 2015-2016, and by 6600% in 2016-2017. No other industry has experienced such rapid growth. And the reasons for that are pretty easy to see: ease of…

OPEN BANKING: A WORD FROM THE BASEL COMMITTEE ON BANKING SUPERVISION

If you are interested in registering a FinTech company in Europe, in this article we offer you to get acquainted with the main aspects of data protection. Lately, the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision made…

Blockchain Technology Explained

Nowadays, information overload is one of the problems of the modern world. And the way to effectively separate true and false information and keep it so that it is completely accessible is a blockchain. What…

Confidentiality Issues in the Fintech Industry

Two years have passed since the entry into force of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), which has provoked unrest, misunderstandings and disinformation flows not only in the European Union but also around the world….

AUSTRALIA: GREEN LIGHT TO OPEN BANKING

This material is recommended for those who plan to register a company in Australia. Recently,  the problems of "data slavery" in the financial sector and the creation of closed ecosystems by large banks have been…

LEGAL UPDATE OF MACAU FINANCIAL SERVICES

Macao's financial and legal sector is undergoing a long and difficult phase of legislative change, as a result of which two laws have already been adopted and two more are under development. It is expected…

Singapore: DD of M&A Transactions

By conducting DD in Singapore potential purchasers can assess target companies’ legal & commercial status, including its readiness to sign an M&A agreement in the Republic of Singapore. DD is performed by duly qualified financial…

Slovenia: Legal Services Market

Slovenia's economy has been growing at an unprecedented rate lately, and so has the revenue of the country’s top thirty law firms. Since 2012, it has increased by nearly thirty percent, totalling EUR 140 mln….

Registering a Color as a TM

Registering a word or design as a trademark is a common practice. But did you know that you can register a color as a trademark as well? By doing so, you can claim the exclusive…

Blockchain in the Field of Finance

If you have decided to open a company under cryptocurrency, learn more about the blockchain together with the IQ Decision UK team. Financial analysts view the blockchain as a means to improve the quality and…

Top Tips When Starting a Blockchain-Based Startup

If you intend to launch a blockchain startup in Europe or Asia, you may find this material useful. The last decade has been characterized by the rapid development of technologies and their introduction into various…

How To Choose A Dispute Resolution Method

Special attention should be paid to dispute resolution methods when concluding business agreements. In this blog post, we offer an overview of the most common methods – negotiation, arbitration and mediation as peaceful methods of…

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS CONSULTING

When choosing where to register a company – in the US, Europe, Asia, Australia – entrepreneurs are interested, firstly, in the international relations of the jurisdiction, and secondly – the regulatory framework.  IQ Decision UK…

MERGER IN TURKEY GETTING SIMPLER

Until recently, mergers in Turkey have been a complex and time-consuming procedure, with a large number of formalities that complicate and delay the whole process. The good news is that the rules recently adopted in…

Fintech in Great Britain: What to Expect in the Future

Have you ever wondered when was the last time you visited a bank where you open a bank account in Great Britain or wrote out a check?” If you have, you probably had a hard…

Blockchain Disrupting Maritime Shipping

Imagine the situation: the seller ships a consignment of fruit and throughout the way the buyer monitors the container to make sure that for sensitive goods are kept in the optimum temperature. The freight forwarder…

Regulatory Approach To Fintech in Israel

This article will be of interest to entrepreneurs willing to set up a fintech firm in Israel. Today, an estimated 400 Fintech companies successfully operate from Israel. All of them rightfully rely on Israeli disruptive…

HOW TO REORGANIZE A COMPANY IN THE US, BELGIUM, AND LUXEMBOURG

If you decide to reorganize a legal entity, you are probably motivated by factors that have led or may lead to stagnation of the company. Of course, this important decision should be taken only after…

Law

Singapore: Regulation of Corporate Governance

Registering a company in Singapore requires having indepth knowledge of the local corporate governance laws. The corporate governance regime in Singapore focuses mainly on companies listed on the SGX-ST & consists of laws, regulations &…

Germany: Fintech Sector

Looking to start a fintech business in the Federal Republic of Germany? And you have every reason to. Boasting a highly developed fintech sector, Germany has long been a magnet for investors seeking to expand…

Cryptoassets

Nowadays, the question on everybody’s lips is, "How can a cryptoasset be sold as a security & then resold in a different form?". Basically, a cryptoasset provide its owner with a number of rights which…

Legal Framework For Fintech in Canada

The traditional maturity of Canada's financial services sector has spurred Fintech innovation, especially in artificial intelligence (AI), digital payments, and robotic consulting. Early fintech startups in Canada and the in-house laboratories of leading Canadian financial…

Public M&A in France: Hostile Takeovers

Most often control over a French public company is achieved through a voluntary or obligatory public tender. There is no ban on hostile takeovers in France, but they are not typical for this country and…

MFSA’s Vision 2021: How It’s Going to Help Malta

The firm commitmhttps://text.ru/antiplagiat/5f50935f7c8d0ent of the MFSA to strengthen Malta's position as an international center of excellence in financial services is embodied in the Vision 2021 strategy. Launched quite recently, the strategy is meant to stimulate…

Norway: Peculiarities of Legal Proceedings

If you are faced with the need to resolve a dispute in Norway, then our blog post will be useful as it provides a brief overview of the litigation specifics in this Scandinavian country. Dispute…

Luxembourg: Concluding an M&A Deal

Acquiring a company in Luxembourg is governed by the M&A Act & controlled by the CSSF, Luxembourg’s main financial regulator. So, let’s see what other legal prerequisites potential purchasers will have to comply with to…

Ireland: How Funds are Established and Administered

The Central Bank of Ireland is the key regulator responsible for the authorization of all types of funds in the jurisdiction. This refers to the registration of businesses under UCITS in Ireland and the establishment…

IP Protection in the Italian Fashion Business

It is worth throwing all doubts aside if you have decided to register a TM in Italy in the fashion industry. It is in Italy, one of the world centers of fashion and luxury goods,…

India: Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards

Parties to a dispute who have received an award but aren’t based in India are often faced with the question: Which Indian court should they go to have that decision enforced?  According to the clarification…

UAE: Private M&A

Individuals or legal entities considering conducting an M&A transaction in the UAE should keep in mind that such transactions are becoming increasingly complex. Therefore, prior to closing an M&A deal in the UAE they should…

IP in the Italian Fashion Industry

It’s a good idea to register a business in the fashion industry in Italy, the birthplace of designers who have entered the world fashion history. This multicolored market offers an incredible range of companies, from…

London: Updated Arbitration Regime

If you or your business has been treated unfairly, you can defend your position by arbitration in London. Meanwhile, some change has occurred and international dispute resolution in the UK’s capital will be carried out…

Spain: IP Protection in the Fashion Industry

Registering & protecting a fashion brand in Spain helps its owner prevent others from illegally using the original product. So, let’s consider the main points worth keeping in mind when protecting a fashion brand in…

Funds in Japan

Those interested in establishing funds in the state of Japan should keep in mind that such entities are normally structured as mutual trusts. Structuring funds as partnerships tends to attract fewer investors; however, it provides…

Spain: Regulation of the Fashion Industry

Those considering registering a fashion company in Spain should keep in mind that the country’s fashion industry is extremely important for the global fashion market. Many Spanish companies supply goods for major international brands or…

Arbitration Features in Japan

Commercial arbitration in Japan is used less often than litigation as a means of resolving international disputes, despite the fact that Japan is a signatory to the New York Convention. Meanwhile, dispute resolution in Japan…

Ireland: Public M&A Deals

Public M&A transactions in Ireland are governed by the M&A Act, which provides for the establishment of the Irish Acquisition Commission & Acquisition Rules. The rules have the force of law, while the Commission has…

Arbitration in France

Arbitration is a widely used form of ADR in France. Prior to the adoption of the UNCITRAL Model Law, French arbitration laws were considered one of the most flexible & liberal in the world. So,…

India: Enforcement of Arbitral Awards

This blog post describes ways to enforce arbitral awards in India and the reasons why enforcement of foreign awards remains a problem in that country. The constant growth of international trade has led to the…

Virtual Arbitration

Want to know how virtual arbitration works? Need some practical tips on starting a remote arbitration process in Europe? Looking forward to knowing how you can benefit from resolving a dispute through virtual arbitration? You…

M&A in the UAE

The UAE continues to lead the regional market in terms of volume and value, however, the investor confidence in regional private equity firms lowered the past year. Thinking to acquire a company in the United…

Remote Mediation During the Coronavirus Pandemic

Given that the coronavirus pandemic is continuing at an unrelenting pace, social distancing measures will likely to remain in place for some time to come. Recent months have seen the emergence of a trend whereby…

Austria: Merger Notice

Conducting an M&A deal in Austria requires prior notification. There’s no legally required deadline for making advance notice; however, since M&A deals mustn’t be concluded before resolution, it’s required that notices be issued well in…

Arbitration and Mediation in Gibraltar

A dispute resolution by arbitration in Gibraltar initially presupposes the conclusion of an arbitration agreement. These provisions are general in nature and relate to the appointment of arbitrators, the nature of the award and the…

Denmark: Public Mergers and Acquisitions

Company acquisition in the Kingdom of Denmark is a great idea as companies registered in Denmark have direct access to the EU market, which covers over 100 million high net worth consumers. According to EU…

Nigeria: Arbitration

Due to the constantly increasing volume of litigation, arbitration is gaining widespread acceptance in the world, and Nigeria is no exception to this rule. Hence, commercial arbitration in Nigeria is increasingly being used in the…

Australia: IP Protection in the Fashion Industry

Fashion designers are constantly striving to come up with fresh & innovative products; however, they aren’t always immune to copying each other’s ideas. Therefore, the industry’s prominent representatives often find themselves asking the question: What…

Online Technologies in International Arbitration

Nowadays, resolving an international dispute through arbitration and at the same time using various technologies has become a trend, especially in light of the measures taken globally to combat the coronavirus pandemic. What kind of…

Switzerland: Updated Legislation on International Arbitration

Considering settling a dispute in Switzerland? Then you should definitely keep in mind the latest amendments to the PILA Act passed by the Swiss Parliament early this year. Expected to enter into force in 2021,…

Some Features of M&A in China

Mergers and acquisitions as one of the areas of business and its capitalization currently do not lose their relevance in the business world. If an individual or a company is willing to initiate an overseas…

Israel: Private Equity Funds

As in many other countries, establishing PEFs in Israel is most often done in the form of LLPs. LLPs in Israel represent separate legal entities in which limited partners aren’t involved. General partners in such…

Merger Permit in Singapore

Planning to initiate a merger transaction in Singapore? As in any other jurisdiction, it is important to promptly notify government authorities of the transaction. In Singapore, there are no clear deadlines for notification of plans…

WIPO: New Data Regulations

Copyright societies in India administer copyrighted works by licensing, collecting royalties & transferring them to their respective owners/authors. Until now, they encountered a lot of difficulties doing the same abroad. However, their job has been…

Spain: Resolving Disputes Through Litigation

Settling a dispute by litigation in Spain normally takes place in court. The country’s judicial system is comprised of courts of different levels, such as: municipal courts, district courts, commercial courts, administrative courts, appellate courts…

Germany: Choosing a Mediator

Qualifying as a mediator in Germany requires potential candidates to comply with various legal requirements. For example, they must undergo initial training & be prepared to continue improving their professional skills on an ongoing basis….

Alternatives to Litigation in HK

Hong Kong: Arbitration Often referred to as a gateway to China, Hong Kong (HK) is the world’s number one arbitration site & a mecca for entrepreneurs wishing to settle disputes in East Asia. Its popularity…

EUTM After Brexit

If you already have a business in the EU or just planning to start your own company, the first question to think about is the protection of your trademark as the basis of your business. …

Buying a Company in Switzerland

In this article, we will analyze the regulation of private M&A transactions in Switzerland. Acquisitions of private enterprises in Switzerland can usually be through the purchase of shares or assets. Protectionism of Swiss companies Switzerland…

Specifics of Litigation in Cyprus

In this blog post, we will briefly explain how disputes in Cyprus are resolved. If you intend to start litigation in Cyprus, first you should be aware of is that the domestic law of Cyprus…

Indonesia: Arbitration Specifics

If you encounter a situation when you need to resolve a commercial dispute in Indonesia, you need to be aware that arbitration proceedings in this jurisdiction can be initiated before or during the dispute. Another…

Arbitration in Ireland

Nowadays, anytime it is possible, businesses try to avoid judicial procedures unless this is absolutely needed. Instead, they rightfully prefer alternative dispute resolution (ADR). In this article, we will provide a brief overview of the…

India: Virtual Arbitration

Given the ongoing coronavirus pandemic, those considering resolving international disputes through arbitration in India should seek alternative ways of resolving their disagreements. There’s not so many of them, which is why the choice currently boils…

Brazil: Enforcing Arbitral Awards

In response to the growing demand for resolving disputes through arbitration, the Brazilian government has recently made some changes to the country’s arbitration laws. According to them, government agencies can now settle disputes involving transfer…

M&A Regulation in Israel

Acquisitions of private companies in Israel can have a different structure. You can buy shares of the company or its assets. Companies can also make a merger deal. Below, we will describe in more detail…

Legal Framework for Private M&A in Sweden

In this article, we will describe the regulation of private M&A transactions in Sweden. One of the key features of M&A transactions involving private companies, enterprises, or assets in this jurisdiction is contractual freedom which…

China: Litigation

As in any other jurisdiction, litigation in the PRC requires filing a lawsuit. The country’s civil court system consists of: High Court; specialized courts; local courts. There are also specialized courts that are entrusted with…

Myanmar: Due Diligence in Private M&A

If you are planning a private M&A deal in Myanmar, you should read our selection of materials on this topic. The previous publication covered the general aspects of the regulation of private mergers and acquisitions,…

Private M&A Deals in Singapore

Typically, acquisitions of business in Singapore and assets of private companies are made on the basis of a sale contract. Deals can also be structured in the form of a contractual offer. They may include…

Norway: DD in M&A Transactions

We’ve already covered the specifics of M&A transactions in Norway & importance of DD. Today, we’ll be taking a closer look at the key aspects of DD in M&A deals in Norway & its types….

Canada: Regulation of Company Acquisitions

The previous article outlined the key features to consider when choosing a method of acquiring a public company in Canada. The current blog post provides an explanation of the mergers and acquisitions regulation in this…

Canada: Ways to Acquire a Public Company

Public acquisitions in Canada are a multi-step process. One of its mandatory components is obtaining approval from the holder of the securities, as well as the court. Takeover bids are also a fairly popular way…

Turkey: Regulation of M&A Transactions

M&A deals in the Republic of Turkey are concluded in accordance with the generally accepted international practices. If there’s several potential purchasers, an auction similar to the one held in Great Britain & the US…

Great Britain: Regulation of Private M&A Deals

Planning on conducting an M&A deal in Great Britain? Looking for information on the specifics of M&A regulation in England? Then what follows below will definitely be of interest to you. How Private M&A Transactions…

Caymans: New in Fund Regulation

Planning to start financial activities in the Caymans? This material will help you understand the specifics of fund management in this jurisdiction and get basic information about regulative changes in this area. As strict as…

Law

Great Britain: Sport Legal Relations

Brand Protection When it comes to protecting brand identity, registering TMs in Great Britain takes on particular importance. Therefore, sporting organizations can obtain copyright protection in Great Britain for literary works, movies, blogs, articles, etc. …

Japan: Amendments to the Money Transfer Act

Given the explosive growth of e-commerce marketplaces & relaxed regulatory requirements for business registration in Japan, cross-border payments are becoming increasingly commonplace in the country. Since wire transfers through banking networks are often too expensive,…

Brazil: Regulation of Arbitral Awards

If you intend to initiate arbitration in Brazil, it is important to consider the specifics of legal requirements in this jurisdiction. This article discusses the main aspects of regulating arbitral awards. Requirements for arbitral awards…

Litigation in Japan

Litigation in Japan is initiated as soon as the plaintiff has filed a complaint in writing with a court, indicating a remedy sought & factually substantiating their claim. Once the court has looked into the…

India: Arbitration During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Given the ongoing coronavirus pandemic, resolving disputes through arbitration in India is now impossible. The quarantine measures, such as social distancing, are causing Indian courts & arbitration institutions to seek ways to continue to carry…

Private Funds in the Cayman Islands: Recent Regulatory Changes

Following the recent amendments to the Law on Private Funds (PFL), the definition of “private funds” has been significantly broadened. Also, the list of corporate entities that must be registered with CIMA (the local financial…

Turkey: How Registered Trademarks Are Protected

This blog post is dedicated to the peculiarities of trademark registration in Turkey. In this jurisdiction, the main legislation governing trademarks is the Intellectual Property Act. Criminal proceedings for trademark infringement are under the jurisdiction…

South Africa: Private M&A Specifics

When the buyer is reluctant to make a choice about which assets to acquire and which obligations to assume, then such a transaction to acquire a private company in South Africa is structured as a…

Denmark: Arbitration

With few minor divergences, Danish arbitration legislation is pretty much modelled on the 1985 UNCITRAL Model Law. In particular, it contains no requirements for concluding an arbitration agreement in Denmark. Given that the UNCITRAL model…

Spain: M&A Deals

How do privately-held companies, businesses & assets get bought & sold? The most common way of buying or selling privately-held companies, businesses or assets in Spain involves directly purchasing or selling stakes of companies owning…

UAE: Regulation of Private M&A

Interested in concluding an M&A deal in the UAE? Looking for information on regulation of M&A deals in Dubai? If you are, then what follows below will definitely be of interest to you. UAE: Structure…

South Korea: TM Registration and Protection

If you decide to register a trademark in South Korea, it will be useful for you to learn about some regulative features in this jurisdiction. Due to major changes in the legal framework of South…

Cayman Islands: Arbitration

Though modelled on the Model UNCITRAL law, Caymanese arbitration legislation does have several distinctively “Caymanese” features. So, let’s analyze some of them, including requirements for concluding arbitration agreements in the Caymans & requirements for arbitration…

Great Britain: Establishing a JV

Establishing a JV in Great Britain is a rather cumbersome process; however, once completed, it provides all its participants with a number of tangible benefits. Of course, there’s disadvantages too (e.g. having to settle financial…

Due Diligence of Technology M&A in Turkey

Billions of dollars are spent annually on technology mergers and acquisitions in Turkey. These deals have many hidden pitfalls, especially those related to the transfer of ownership of technological developments. Therefore, for their own safety,…

Remote Mediation During the COVID-19 Pandemic

The rapid spread of the coronavirus pandemic has caused governments of many countries to take steps aimed at minimizing contact between people. Thus, dispute resolution procedures in Great Britain, including arbitration & mediation, have been…

Greece: Due Diligence in Private M&A

An important aspect of M&A transactions is due diligence in private M&A in EU countries, which will be discussed in today's blog post. We will dwell in more detail on the peculiarities of due diligence…

UK: Protecting Breeders’ Rights

Having more than 500 horticultural enterprises, Great Britain is an acclaimed leader in the field of horticulture. If you’re an investor contemplating registering a horticultural company in Great Britain, you are likely to encounter a…

Private M&A in Myanmar Issues

Myanmar has got rid of the military dictatorship not long ago and is taking steps to improve legislation to attract foreign investment. For example, the Companies Law has been recently amended, which makes the investment…

Private M&A in Germany

During the economic downturn that occurs in many developed countries due to Covid-19, there is a trend towards an increase in the number of mergers and acquisitions of companies. M&A deals in Germany is also…

JV Setting Up in Thailand

Joint ventures in Thailand most often occur between Thai citizens and foreigners who want to expand the geography of their business and conquer new markets. Joint ventures between Thai and foreign companies are especially popular…

Due Diligence of Techno M&A in Peru

Due to the rapid growth of technology, due diligence of intellectual property has become an integral part of modern M&A transactions. Intellectual property ownership is becoming a key reason to initiate M&A deals in Peru…

Mining Regulations in Tanzania

The Tanzanian Ministry for Mineral Resources is the sole regulator of all mining-related activities in Tanzania. There is a special commission charged with issuing licenses authorizing extraction of precious metals in Tanzania. Though it is…

Jersey Private Funds

A special fund regulation regime implemented by the JFSC has been in place in Jersey for more than three years now. If you’re interested in setting up a JPF in Jersey, you should keep in…

Trademarks & E-Signatures

The coronavirus pandemic is making European companies face new & unexpected challenges, one of which includes affixing signatures to documents. Modern technology makes it possible to quickly switch to remote work; however, remotely signing documents…

India: DD of Private M&A Transactions

Private M&A deals in India are primarily used by companies looking to expand the scope of their operations & penetrate new markets. Acquiring private companies in India implies that each acquired business maintains its corporate…

Malta: Updated Cryptocurrency Sandbox Regulation

If you are planning to start a fintech business in Malta, you may find this material helpful as it focuses on the adoption of virtual financial assets and tokens through the implementation of a regulatory…

UAE: Establishment of Funds

The UAE is known for having some the most favorable conditions for doing business in the entire Middle East region. However, entrepreneurs wishing to embark on financial activities in Dubai should have a sound grasp…

Ecuador: M&A Legislation

All those planning on concluding an M&A deal in Ecuador should keep in mind the recently introduced procedure which significantly speeds up the M&A process. Let’s have a closer look at the key aspects of…

IP Protection in the Socialist Republic of Vietnam

IPR legislation in Vietnam is being constantly updated & refined. Therefore, foreign investors seeking to have IP rights registered in Vietnam should know what legal resources they have at their disposal if their IP rights…

South Korea: Joint Ventures

Contemplating investing in South Korea? If you are, then you should know that FDI in South Korea is encouraged by the government. Following ratification of the FTA, the South Korean authorities have significantly expanded cooperation…

Finland: Due Diligence in Private M&A

Today's article examines the features of due diligence in the context of private M&A in Finland. Who can do due diligence in Finland? If you are planning to acquire a company in Finland, then you…

Fintech in Great Britain: Challenges & Opportunities in 2020

Having emerged as the key growth driver of the British financial sector, fintech had attracted billions of dollars in investment & created some 80,000 jobs in Great Britain before the outbreak of the coronavirus pandemic….

Netherlands: Due Diligence in Private M&A

This blog post is dedicated to the details of due diligence in private M&A deals for Dutch companies. Company transparency can have a very important impact on its cost. In the Netherlands, business transparency is…

France: Due Diligence in Techno M&A

M&A transactions in the EU and other jurisdictions are usually accompanied by due diligence of the company that is the subject of the agreement. This blog post describes the specifics of legal due diligence in…

India: Due Diligence in Technological M&A

This post focuses on the emerging peculiarities of M&A and will help you understand the intricacies of due diligence for technology mergers and acquisitions in India. In this country, as in many others, the past…

Spain: IPR Protection

Foreign investors seeking to start a business in Spain should keep in mind that carrying out economic activities in this country requires licensing. That, in particular, applies to obtaining IPR protection in Spain.  Spain: Patent…

Dutch M&A Regulation

A distinctive feature of the Netherlands has always been a comfortable business environment, openness to innovation, and a favorable investment climate. Another compelling advantage is the ease of entry into the EU market, which is…

Spain: Licensing

Starting a business in Spain requires obtaining special permits & going through a verification process. Let’s see what other requirements potential investors will have to comply with to be able to obtain a business license…

Montenegro: Specifics of TM Regulation

We’ve already covered the key features of registering a trademark in Montenegro, including issues encountered by entrepreneurs when resolving TM disputes. However, starting a business in this country requires being aware of the general aspects…

UAE: Effective Arbitration

The effectiveness of decision enforcement is one of the key criteria when choosing a dispute resolution procedure in the UAE. The recently adopted new law on arbitration in this jurisdiction further simplifies and systematizes this…

Portugal: Concluding M&A Deals

Structured similarly to the US & Great Britain, M&A transactions in Portugal involve four basic steps, such as: buying assets of companies in Portugal; conducting transactions with shares; conducting M&A transactions in Portugal. transferring a…

Sweden: M&A Regulation

The Kingdom of Sweden ranks high on the list of countries with the most favorable conditions for doing business. And one of the reasons for this is, undoubtedly, Swedish laws. In fact, M&A regulation in…

Malta: TM Dispute Resolution

A big surprise for an entrepreneur may be the rejection of an application for TM registration. This is unpleasant and frustrating, but you can argue with this decision. In this blog post, we provide a…

New in Fintech Regulation in India

If you intend to register a Fintech company in India, this material may be in handy to you, as it addresses new regulatory issues in this country. In recent years, the merger of finance and…

Panama: Convenient and Inexpensive Arbitration Platform

Agreeing on a convenient place for arbitration for both parties is a sort of art. A neutral arbitration location has to be chosen assuming the parties have equal bargaining power. The choice depends to a…

Great Britain: Regulation of Arbitration Clauses

Arbitration in Great Britain is used as an effective way of resolving disputes. However, to make this process as smooth & hassle-free as possible, parties negotiating a deal should pay special attention to reservations they…

Netherlands: Arbitration Clause in Emails

Looking to start an arbitration in the Netherlands? If you are, then what follows below will certainly be of interest to you. We’re going to describe to you the specifics of dispute settlement in the…

Macau TM Licensing and Dispute Resolution

Planning to start a business in Macau and register a trademark? It is worth investigating in advance the issues of trademark regulation in the selected jurisdiction. It will also be helpful to preliminarily familiarize yourself…

ТМ Protection in Macau

To get trademark protection in Macau, a brand must necessarily be registered locally. This article provides information on the specifics of TM regulation in this jurisdiction, so if you intend to start a business in…

Belgium: DD of Private M&A Deals

When it comes to M&A transactions in the EU, DD is the first thing potential purchasers should keep in mind. So, let’s see what DD of M&A transactions in Belgium is all about & what…

M&A Deals in the Kingdom of Norway

Selling & acquiring businesses (or assets) in the Kingdom of Norway is usually preceded by the signing of SPA agreements. If target companies have several owners, each of whom owns a minority stake in them,…

Czech Republic: DD of Technological M&A Deals

Planning on acquiring a business in the Czech Republic but don’t know where to start? Actually, it’s DD of M&A transactions in the Czech Republic that you should be considering first. So why not take…

Crypto-Asset Litigation

If you intend to start crypto activities in the EU, UK, or USA, it should be borne in mind that cases of manipulation and fraudulent schemes using crypto assets have become more frequent these days….

New Zealand’s Fintech Regulation

Thanks to comprehensive government support, New Zealand’s fintech sector is developing at a rapid pace. Considering starting a business in New Zealand & looking for information on the key aspects of New Zealand’s fintech regulation?…

India: Remote Dispute Resolution

We’ve already covered general provisions related to dispute resolution in India. In this piece we’ll be reviewing changes in Indian dispute resolution procedures that have recently been introduced due to the coronavirus pandemic. Using Modern…

Mediation & Social Distancing

The ongoing coronavirus pandemic is causing people to be more careful about having face-to-face meetings. However, disputes are continuing to arise, and ADR methods, such as online mediation, may prove to be an effective tool…

Сan an Arbitral Award Be Annuled?

The answer to this question is ‘yes’ despite the general principle that decisions made in the dispute settlement process through arbitration are considered final and should not undergo any substantive revision. Arbitration proceedings all over…

Arbitral Awards in Japan

We’ve already covered the main aspects of arbitration regulation in Japan. In this piece, we’ll be looking into the enforcement & challenging of arbitral awards in this jurisdiction. Correction & Interpretation If you intend to…

Hungary: Challenging & Executing Arbitral Awards

We have already covered arbitration regulation in Hungary & requirements for initiating arbitral proceedings in this jurisdiction. In this piece, we’ll be looking into the execution & challenging of arbitration awards in Hungary. Interpreting Decisions…

Why Does Starting a Business in Singapore Make Sense?

Doing business in Asia can be thought of as a shortcut to entering new markets. The reason why international companies & investors prefer to register a company in Hong Kong is because that provides them…

Grounds for Annulment of Arbitral Awards

Registration of a trademark provides legal protection for a brand, which is especially important when entering new markets. If you intend to start a business in the EU, it is worthwhile to study the requirements…

DD in Austria

Performing DD in Austria  Buying a business in Austria usually involves dealing with a number of operational, tax & legal issues. Success or failure of DD may depend on an industry a company is operating…

Overview of Changes in Fintech Regulation in Malta & the EU

The EU & Malta are expending a great deal of effort to achieve their main goal, which is to become undisputed fintech leaders. If you’re a foreign investor, establishing a fintech company in the EU…

Arbitration & Mediation: Why Singapore?

Following SIMC launching, companies & individuals seeking to settle disputes via mediation in Singapore should take care of renegotiating their contracts. What makes Singapore the number one site for international arbitration is that it meets…

Remote Dispute Resolution During COVID-19

Measures to protect people from the virus are justified, but they only exacerbate the negative consequences for businesses, which are already assessing serious damage. With businesses focused on getting back to normal operations as soon…

Grounds for Revoking a TM in the EU

There’s been a lot of controversy lately over whether an EU-registered trademark can be invalidated due to the specifications of services/goods not being sufficiently clear or accurate. If you’re planning on registering a trademark in…

Licensing in New Zealand

Nowadays, profit can be made not only from the sale of goods or services under a well-known brand, but also by allowing other market players to use the trademark through licensing. That is why licensing…

Due Diligence of Technology M&A Deals in Belgium

Today, the largest number of M&A deals take place in the financial, consumer and technology sectors. At the same time, the introduction of technologies and innovations in other areas is growing exponentially (fintech, agrotech, etc.),…

Arbitration in the SAR

Interested in regulation of arbitration proceedings in South Africa? Want to know more about the main requirements for settling disputes through arbitration in the SAR? Then this article is definitely for you. Resolving International Disputes…

Brazil: PEF Regulation

Having a sufficiently developed economy, Brazil has long been a magnet for foreign investors. So, let’s have a look at the key legal requirements potential investors will have to meet to open a business in…

Preparing a Business for Sale

You have been working hard to make your business a success, haven’t you? But what should you do to maximize its value? In fact, selling a business requires one to comply with some basic requirements,…

Fund Types in Germany

Recently, Germany’s government has released a statement saying that the investment market in the country is developing at a staggering pace. Pursuant to the report published by the Federal Statistics Office, the amount of foreign…

Establishing a PE Fund in Egypt

Private equity funds are pools of capital to invest in companies for a high rate of return. In recent years, PE firms have pocketed huge—and controversial—sums, while stalking ever larger acquisition targets.  PE funds in…

Fintech Regulation in Vietnam

Fintech has been behind explosive growth in a whole range of financial services lately. However, areas where fintech is causing massive changes aren’t really numerous: the bulk of the financing (nearly 100%) goes to the…

Recent Trends in the Canadian M&A Market

Despite instability in the domestic & international markets, M&A deals in Canada are being concluded on an even bigger scale than before. And the signing of the NAFTA agreement has given this trend renewed impetus. …

French Specifics of Licensing

Foreign investors who are willing to develop a business in France must first obtain special licenses in France. These licenses are mainly related to the protection of intellectual property rights. At the same time, individual…

US Joint Venture Creation and Management Issues

Joint ventures are an important area of ​​corporate strategy, whether in exploring and conquering new markets and generating the benefits or costs of developing innovative technologies.  When expanding business, a joint venture deal in America…

Arbitration in Panama

Looking for information on arbitration in Panama? Want to know what arbitration laws the country has? Considering resolving a dispute in Panama? If you’re interested in getting answers to all these questions, then you’re in…

Philippines: Arbitration During the Coronavirus Pandemic

The coronavirus pandemic & ensuing nationwide quarantine has rendered the holding of arbitration proceedings in the Philippines impossible. Therefore, local arbitral tribunals are now looking for alternative ways of resolving disputes, and conducting virtual hearings…

IP Protection Issues in Vietnam

Considering the attractive investment market of Vietnam, entrepreneurs should first of all seriously consider the issue of intellectual property rights protection, as cases of IP infringement in Vietnam are not uncommon. If you intend to…

UK’s Cross-Border Information Sharing Guide

The UK recently released a concise guide to cross-border communication within corporations. If you intend to establish a company in the UK please note that the guide contains guidelines that may be helpful to corporations…

How JVs are regulated in Saudi Arabia

Thinking about starting a business in Saudi Arabia? Want to know about the legal issues involved with establishing & managing JVs in the KSA? Have a look at our article – perhaps, you’ll find the…

Canada: TM regulation

Brand protection is no trifling matter, and as such, should be approached very responsibly. What should be kept in mind here is that each jurisdiction has its own requirements & regulations regarding registration of trademarks….

When Pandemic Ends: M&A in Singapore

The coronavirus pandemic in the world may end in December 2020. This is evidenced by the research of scientists from the Singapore University of Technology and Design. Although no one can make accurate forecasts, statements…

The Philippines Welcome Islamic Finance

Islamic banks and investment funds are mainly concentrated in the Middle East, the Persian Gulf and Malaysia. However, they’ve been long drawing interest from different countries due to the massive liquidity. Their total assets are…

E-Mediation: 10 Tips

With the coronavirus pandemic showing no signs of letting up, in-person mediations are rapidly giving way to remote ones. Some entrepreneurs have quickly adapted to the new reality & are feeling quite comfortable resolving disputes…

Canada: Arbitration Rules

According to the Canadian Constitution, each of the ten provinces of this federal state can independently regulate the dispute resolution through arbitration in Canada. In this country, which is considered one of the world leaders…

Mediation: ‘Ecological’ Method to Resolve Commercial Disputes

There is such an entrepreneurial joke that if there is no conflict in your business life – check if you have a pulse. If a dispute between companies has occurred, how to get out of…

Licensing

You are no doubt aware of the fact that being involved in different types of financial activities requires getting a license, now are you? The list of those activities is quite long but it is…

Arbitration in Germany

Can Arbitration Tribunals Correct or Interpret Awards in Germany on Their Own or at the Parties’ Request? Are There Any Deadlines? Parties involved in settling a dispute through arbitration in Germany can request that any…

Standards of Commercial Conduct While Registering TM

EU courts have recently begun to show great concern about dishonesty in registering trademarks in the European member states. What is unfair behavior in this case? Case law makes it clear that it is a…

The First Crypto-Dispute in Malaysia

If you are interested in registering a crypto business in Malaysia, it is important to know that since the launch of bitcoin in 2009, a lot of different cryptocurrencies have appeared. The most popular of…

How World-Famous Brands Are Illegally Used

How to deal with the violation of international trademark rights? In this article, we will analyze the illegal use of an international trademark as an example of a specific case in India. If you plan…

IP Rights Protection: How Amazon Beat Coty

There have been some new developments in a high-profile IP rights dispute involving Coty Germany GmbH & Amazon. If by some chance you haven’t been following it, let us give you a quick rundown: Coty,…

Arbitration Legislation in the Kingdom of Norway

Those considering filing for arbitration in the Kingdom of Norway should keep in mind that the legal basis for arbitration in this country is laid down in the Law on Arbitration. It applies to resolving…

Registering TM in Mozambique Will Be Easier

Mozambique will join the ARIPO (African Regional Intellectual Property Organization) system for trademarks and intends to implement the Banjul Protocol. This news was surprising to many despite the fact that the country has long been…

How to Buy TM at Auction

If you decide to start a business in the UK or the EU and purchase an already registered trademark at an auction, this material will be in handy for you.  Purchasing TM in the EU,…

How to Retain Control Over the Use of Names as Brands

People renowned in the world of art or sports, as well as personal brands on social networks are not always aware of the importance of registering their names as a trademark in relation to goods…

Licensing & Protection of Registered Trademarks in Israel

Licensing of registered trademarks in Israel requires verification of a license & its registration in the respective register. Registering a license in Israel is mandatory. It should be kept in mind that using unregistered trademarks…

Arbitration – Mediation – Arbitration

As of now, the Singapore Convention has only been ratified by a handful of countries. However, once it is ratified by an overwhelming number of states, mediation will become a fully legitimate way of resolving…

Cyprus: Crypto-Assets Regulation

Global practice doesn’t provide a single answer to the question of how crypto-assets and other rights in the field of digital technologies and distributed registries should be regulated. Many governments are concerned about regulatory issues…

Brand Protection

Due to the changing consumer behaviours & increased activity of counterfeiters, brand owners worldwide are now facing hitherto unheard of challenges. In this article, we’ll be taking a look at how owners of brands can…

Protecting a Brand – Why is it so Important Now?

Given an increase in online shopping, ever-evolving consumer behaviours & changes in the way products are being bought online, owners of brands worldwide are now facing hitherto unseen & bigger challenges. And topping that list…

Why is it Important to Register an International Brand During the COVID-19 Pandemic?

The COVID-19 pandemic has changed the world in many ways. Some of these changes, such as restrictions on the movement of people, will be short-term, while others will, most likely, be more fundamental & affect…

Updated Crowdfunding Regulation in Nigeria

The US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has recently released and made public the new Crowdfunding Rules. It is assumed that now crowdfunding platforms in the United States, as well as located on the territory…

Blockchain Technology in Shipping

Digitization is the main driver of change in today’s world. In not too distant future, it will cause many industries, including the shipping one, to undergo major transformations. Right now, we are witnessing breathtaking developments…

FDI in Canada

FDI in Canada is absolutely vital for the country’s prosperity; however complying with FDI regulation in Canada is not without its pitfalls & can, therefore, be quite a challenge. So, let’s take a closer look…

Using Smart Contracts for Dispute Resolution

Using traditional methods to resolve construction disputes is an invariably long & costly process. What’s more, legal costs may end up being disproportionate to the sum of the award received. Therefore, it is hardly a…

Blockchain & Smart Contracts: 5 Things to Remember

Everyone who has at least some basic idea of what blockchain and cryptocurrencies are is bound to have heard about smart contracts. Given the increasing number of entrepreneurs seeking to register a cryptocurrency company, concluding…

Thailand: Establishing a Joint Venture

A joint venture in Thailand is not recognized as a separate type of legal entity in accordance with Thai corporate laws. In fact, joint venture is seen as joint activities between two or more business…

Arbitration: Protecting Confidentiality of Information

Preventing data from being leaked or unintentionally disclosed during arbitration is the number one priority for arbitrators worldwide. Therefore, arbitrators or mediators are doing their best to ensure that confidentiality of the parties’ information is…

Concluding M&A Deals in Hong Kong

Usually, acquiring businesses in HK SAR requires concluding a contract for the sale of a company or assets. Non-public companies can also be purchased through signing an agreement, provided it is done according to the…

How to protect your TM in the EU

After filing an application for registration of a trademark in the EU, an examination procedure is carried out with respect to each mark applied for registration. As a result of such examination, the trademark applicant…

Litigation and Arbitration – Points of Difference

Of course, many of us have at least some idea of ​​the litigation and how it works. However, not many people know about alternative methods of dispute resolution, such as how to resolve a commercial…

Benefits of Mediation

Settlement of International Commercial Disputes Due to the constantly growing number of international transactions, companies are increasingly facing the need to resolve their commercial differences. There are many factors influencing the emergence of disputes, and…

Enforcing of Arbitral Awards in France

International commercial arbitration is not possible without the recognition of foreign arbitral awards. Enforcing arbitration decisions determine the effectiveness of the arbitration between international trade participants. It is determined primarily by the 1958 New York…

Top Tips For Creative Business Negotiations

In business negotiations, as in any negotiation in everyday life, creativity and flexibility are essential. After all, the situation does not always turn in the right direction for us. Conducting international negotiations with the help…

Concluding M&A Deals in the Republic of Finland

The two most popular ways of concluding M&A deals in Finland involve selling shares or selling entire companies. Signing an M&A agreement in the Republic of Finland can be affected by a number of factors,…

Luxembourg and Hong Kong to Recognise Funds

If an entrepreneur wants to establish an investment fund in Luxembourg or Hong Kong, he will be delighted to know that at the beginning of last year, the regulators of these jurisdictions shook hands and…

Dispute Resolution Basics: What, Why, When, and How

Formal procedures involving resolution of an international financial dispute may be rather costly & require a lot of time. They can also distract the company from its main business activities & lead to the draining…

Fintech Regulation in Japan

Over the past several years, Japan’s financial sector has been making major strides in fintech innovation, with undisputed leaders here being cryptoasset service providers, cash-free payment services, robo-advisors & crowdfunders. So, let’s take a look…

How the COVID-19 Pandemic Impacted Startups in India

The coronavirus pandemic adversely affected the entire investment sector in India, but it is the startups that ended up being the hardest hit. The majority of them are experiencing a decline in demand that hasn’t…

How to Move Business from Cyprus to Another Jurisdiction

When entrepreneurs are asked why they have set up a company in Cyprus, the typical answer is that it is warm here and all operations are carried out strictly according to the law. However, the…

What is RegTech?

As ‘new FinTech’ is gaining momentum, registration of fintech companies is gradually becoming a thing of the past. Once known only to the few initiates, RegTech today is one of the most sought after technologies….

Digital Business in Belgium

Currently, the two most popular digital areas in which you can open a business in Belgium include the sharing economy & mobile commerce (or m-commerce). The sharing economy is based on such platforms as Airbnb,…

Trademarking Designs in the EU

The recent decision of the EU Court of Justice (the CJEU) in the Gömböc case has shed some light on certain legal aspects of trademark protection in the EU. By analyzing the decision, we’ll try…

Which Сountry is Best to Settle an International Dispute

Nowadays, more and more conflicting parties choose countries outside their place of residence to resolve the dispute. It has never been easier for the parties to resolve the dispute using alternative methods or in an…

M&A Features in Malta

Malta has established itself as a competitive platform for M&A transactions, which creates many new opportunities for ambitious entrepreneurs.  At the international level, M&A deals in Malta involve financial companies, pharmaceuticals, real estate, and telecommunications….

Proof of Use of TM in the European Union

This article addresses the issues of trademark registration in the EU and the UK, in particular, the nuances that may arise after the registration is canceled. In a recent case, the issue of whether it…

FIDIC White Paper

In 2017, the 5th edition of the FIDIC White Paper, a model contract for the provision of consulting services in the field of construction, was released. The revised list of services of the White Paper…

How to Get Information or Documents During a Lawsuit in England

The key to success in a lawsuit is the availability of sufficient information & evidence. English law is structured in such a way that it is rather difficult for the plaintiff to receive information from…

Fintech in Indonesia: Developing Slowly But Steadily

In general, the fintech industry in Indonesia is showing a positive trend. There is a progressive implementation of innovative technologies in the field of finance and the volume of operations is growing slowly but steadily….

Combating Violations in Cross Border E-Trade in China

Paradoxically, the COVID-19 pandemic has given a powerful boost to e-trade worldwide, generating demand for products & services that few people could imagine several months ago. Need legal advice on customs regulations in China? Considering…

New Rules to Detect Corruption in International Arbitration

Corruption is a complex phenomenon of social life that has penetrated into many spheres of life, and international arbitration is not an exclusion.   In order to take more effective measures to counteract this disastrous phenomenon…

How to Protect a Domain Name?

Many domain name holders are intimidated by the question of how to protect a domain name. And this is not surprising since from a legal point of view it is quite a complicated issue. We…

Ethics & Corporate Governance

Based on international law, human rights can transcend national and cultural borders. When making important decisions & resolving conflict situations, international law always puts human rights first. The subjective element, in turn, is excluded and…

E-Commerce Law

E-commerce law is an ever-evolving area that plays an important role in the business world. The development of the Internet has opened up new opportunities for the creation of trading & marketing channels, which, in…

UK Regulator Tightening Control Over Fintech Sector

Conclusion of fintech deals in Great Britain involves participation of a large number of consumers & innovative firms. Over the recent years, UK fintech regulators have tightened control over this sector, justifying it by the…

M&A Deals During the Coronavirus Pandemic

Since its outbreak, the coronavirus pandemic has been interrupting, and in some cases hindering, companies’ operation. It has also influenced the way purchasers & sellers prepare for & conclude M&A deals. Therefore, governments of different…

Why Your Business Needs A Shareholders Agreement

In countries with a common law system, it is almost impossible to imagine a successful business without concluding a shareholders agreement, also known as corporate agreement. This document details all the rights and obligations of…

Managing IP Risks

Business management during crises requires careful risk management. In addition to the risks associated with labor & environmental protection, risks associated with IP rights violation pose a direct threat to businesses unless they are timely…

IP Rights Transfer During M&A Transactions in the UK

Mergers and acquisitions in the UK have their own characteristics. In this review, we will analyze how M&A transactions affect the transfer of intellectual property rights, as well as why it is important to conduct…

M&A Disclosure Regulation in Great Britain

Concluding an M&A deal in Great Britain requires the bidders & the target company to ensure that they don’t mislead each other by providing inaccurate information. This means that market participants shouldn’t overestimate the nature…

Business Purchase&Sale Transactions in Mexico

Prior to buying or selling a business in Mexico, or an M&A deal in that jurisdiction, you should get familiarized with its legal framework carefully to avoid mistakes. If the decision is made, you should…

Arbitration in California

The U.S. judicial system will be in the focus of this material. We will look at how to settle a dispute through arbitration in California, given that there are parallel systems of state and federal…

Belgian Fintech is gaining momentum

In recent years, the startup ecosystem in Belgium is gaining momentum. There is also a noticeable increase in the provision of fintech deals. The country is now considered one of the leaders in Europe in…

Regulation of M&A transactions in Egypt

Most foreign companies operating in Egypt are joint-stock or limited liability companies. There are also sole proprietorships but they are less common. Egyptian private company sales transactions are structured in accordance with the Companies Act…

How to conclude arbitration agreements correctly

International arbitration has firmly established itself as the main method of resolving disputes in a large business, and today no one needs to be convinced of its effectiveness. However, it would be nice if the…

COVID-19 and international arbitration

International arbitration is one of the most common ways to resolve commercial disputes in the world. Therefore, any commercial organization that works with foreign counterparties, one way or another, may encounter consideration of the case…

A Guide for Startups Wishing to Register a Trademark in The EU

Startups are well aware that at the start of a business it is necessary to take care of trademark protection and register it. The trademark is protected territorially, that is, its protection extends only to…

Registering a Trademark in Vietnam

To be able to do business & protect your rights in Vietnam, you must register a trademark in Vietnam. This article will provide you with important information on registering a trademark in Vietnam & give…

Regulatory Aspects of Mining in Senegal

Opening a mining company in Senegal requires having mining rights in Africa. Such rights may include the following: Applying for Exploration Permit in Senegal Any legal entity can obtain permission for mineral exploration in Senegal,…

Mining in the Republic of Ghana

Regulatory Framework Extracting minerals in the Republic of Ghana is regulated by both legislative & constitutional acts. Under the constitution of Ghana, all transactions, contracts & obligations connected to exploration & production of mineral resources…

Trademarks Registration and Protection in The Benelux

To begin with, the three countries which are parts of the Benelux – Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg – have concluded an agreement on the unification of their national trademark laws signed at the beginning…

Protection of TM and IP in Sweden

Sweden is known both in Europe and around the world as an advocate of intellectual property rights and is a signatory to almost all international conventions in this area. That is, the IP protection issue…

Acquiring a ready-made company in Hong Kong

If you intend to acquire a private company in Hong Kong, then first you need to familiarize yourself with the features of conducting such sales transactions in this country. In the case of buying and…

Mediation as a Way of Resolving International Commercial Disputes

Mediation is undoubtedly the number one alternative method for resolving commercial disputes both domestically and internationally. Development of mediation in various jurisdictions is often driven by reforms of the civil justice system which are meant…

Retail Investment Funds in Hong Kong

Registering a RIF in HKSAR requires indepth understanding of the regulatory framework in this jurisdiction. Operation of RIFs is regulated by the OFC Code, while more specific rules & regulations are laid forth in the…